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INTERNATIONAL 



tribune 


PUBLISHED WITH THE NEW YORK TIMES AND THE WASHINGTON POST 


** -■■ 


Paris, Tuesday, August 2, 1994 


No. 34.656 


Fireworks on Jupiter, 


Sparks in Washington 


To Fend Off Killer Comets, U.S. Plans 



. By William J. Broad 

Nnv York Turns Service 

.NEW YORK — « The Chicken Little, 
crowd, which once drew smiles by suggest- 
ing that Earth could be devastated by killer 
rocks from outer space, is suddenly finding 
its warnings and agenda taken seriously 
: now that Jupiter has taken a beating in 
. recorded history’s biggest show of cosmic 
violence. 

The political fallout from the Jovian 
fireworks is still developing, and the test of 
whether it will translate into a federal 
program may be a year or more away. But 
federal plans are being laid to creates J50 
million network of early warning tde- 
tf scopes that orieday mi gh t help save Earth ' 
.. ftom collision with an icy intruder. 

“You’re going to see this thing take off 
like a rocket,” Representative George E. 
Brown Jr„ Democrat of California^ who 
heads the House Science Committee, said 
. of the plans in an interview. “It’s going to 
be easy to sell in the Congress.” 

On July 20, as the bombardment of : 
Jupiter by fragments of Comet Shoemak- 
. er-Levy 9 produced startling rmag&e of 
Earth-sized fireballs, Mr. Brown’s commit- 
- tee voted to require: the space agency to 
i track any major comets or asteroids that 
■ threaten to hit Earth. 

Astronomers already know of mare than " 
100 whose paths occasionally cross Earth’s 
. orbit and estimate that as many as 2JQ00 . 
may be speeding through space on such:' 


escopes 


for Ute American Physical Society, the na- 


tion 


mi’s preeminent group of physicists. 

In theory, if the warning time were suffi- 


cient, a comet or asteroidfound to be on a 


collision course with Earth could be divert- 
ed by a nuclear-armed rocket detonated 
nearby. •; 

:■ Comets ’and asteroids are rubble left 
overfrom the creation of the solar system. 
Comets arecomposed of ice, perhaps with 
rocky budei, while asteroids are-made' of 
rodes and metals. Often miles in diameter, 
such 'celestial debris hurtles through the 
solar system at speeds of op to dozens of 
miles a second. 


may b 
paths. 


; Asteroids loop continually through the 
solar system’s interior, and the ones pass- 
ing near Earth tend to orbit the Son once 
. every couple of years. Advanced warning 
ofcOHision is possible because they can be 
repeatedly observed and' their looping or- 
bits projected centuries into the future. 

In contrast, cornets hail from the far 
fringes of the solar system tind have orbital 
periods up to mrOrpas^f years in length. 

year or so before a comet’s headlong crash 
into Earth. 

, '• Today the skies tend to be scanned for 
potential intrtuters only by mom-and-pop 
operations', often using borrowed tde- 
- scopes. Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 was dis- 
covered last year while Mr. Shoemaker, a 
retired geologist, his wife, Carolyn, and 
David flLevy.an amateur astronomer, 
were hunting for comets and asteroids with 



Prto Andtrw*' Rcuicr, 


WARSAW COOL-DOWN — A Polish scout pouring water (town the back of an honor guard to provide some relief 
in the heat Monday as they commemorated the 50th anniversary of the Warsaw Uprising against the Nazis. Page 2. 


Repatriation 
Slowed by 
Safety Fears 
For Rwanda 


Senior UN Aide Urges 
Caution, Overturning 
Advice From the Field 


By Keith Richburg 

H'axhtngti'n Past Service 

GOMA, Zaire — The UN High Com- 
missioner for Refugees. Sadako Ogata, 
said Monday she was unsure Rwanda was 
secure enough for refugees to return home 
despite the horrendous conditions in their 
squalid and disease-ridden camps in this 
Zaire border town. 

Mrs. Ogata’a view on repatriation for 
the more than 1 million refugees here was 
far more cautious than the position of her 
representatives in the field. For days, they 
have been encouraging the refugees to go 
home. United Nations refugee officials 
have even been planning to set up a radio 
station this week to broadcast the message 
thai Rwanda is safe enough for the refu- 
gees to return. 

The numbers returning home have 


Persecution of Christians Mounts in Iran 


dropped from 1,600 a day through the 
border point at Goma to les 


NASA reacted quickly to the commit- 
tee’s vote; storting a feasbility study of a 

discoverer of thex^^ftagmeats tiuti 
slammed into Jupiter from My 16 to .23, 
igniting flashes that outshone thoplanet. 

The NASA-- report is to beready by 
February, after which Mr. Brown and his 
allies will lobby for the creation of a feder- ■; 
ai early warning p r og r am , h cgmnmg in the 

budget for the 1996 fiscal year! 

“Nobody isjjoing to dismiss ibis,** said 
Dr. Robert L. -Part, * pfcystctsi at the 
J&njveraty trf Maryland aiwl spolreanan 


a small, 18-mch telescope atop Mount Pal- 
Southern Cahfoi 


omar in Southern Gahforma. The comet 
they found looked fike astringof 21 pearls. 
The discovery was sheer luck. Light 
dentils had dulled _.the sparkles df toe night 
sky, prompting the team to debate whether 
it could afford the hzxuiy of trying to take 
sky photos under fess-than-ideal condi- * 
riorn when its film budget was so right. In 
toe end, the team used old, partly exposed 
film, which nonetheless was able to cap- 
ture a dear image of the string of: pearls. 

ft is possible that the comet nrigh* never 
have been found if the team had decided to 
scrap its observations that night, Mr. Levy 
said:- . ...... ' -. 


By Chris Hedges 

New York Tuna Service 

TEHRAN — The Islamic government 
of Iran, which has often been criticized by 
human rights groups for its treatment of 
religious minorities, is mounting the fierc- 
est campaign since the 1979 revolution 
against the small Christian minority here, 
church leaders and Western diplomats say: 

Three Christian leaders have been lolled 
since the beginning of the year. Churches 
have been shut down. Scores of young 
Christians, many converts from Islam, 
have been imprisoned and tortured, espe- 
cially in the cities of Gorgan and Kerman- 
shah, church officials say. And pastors 
have been expelled from parishes or are 
under surveillance. 


“Even by toe standards of Iran, the 
current crackdown is extraordinary ” said 
a senior Western diplomat 

Iranian officials deny mistreating Chris- 
tians and other religious sects. 

They blame an Iraqi-based opposition 
group, (he People’s Mujahidin, for toe kill- 
ings of toe churchmen, and have presented 
to reporters three women who say they 
belonged to toe organization and carried 
out the killings. Hie opposition group de- 
nies the charge. 

Iranian officials contend that evangeli- 
cal churches here have other agendas be- 
sides worship. 

“We consider them to be a political 
organization,” said ML Jarad Zarif , an Ira- 
nian deputy foreign minister. 


Under the Islamic government life has 
never been easy for I ranians who do not 
belong to the Shiite Muslim majority. 
Christian schools were taken over by the 
government after the revolution. The pub- 
lication of Christian texts, while legal 
rarely receives the necessary approval. Po- 
sitions in the government state-owned 
businesses, and even universities are re- 
served for those who uphold strict “Islamic 
values.” 


In a population of roughly 62 million 


people, Iran’s religious minorities include 
3Jmillic 


lion Sunni Muslims, 350,000 follow- 
ers of toe Baha'i faith, 80,000 Christians, 
and 30.000 Jews, according to official sta- 


See IRAN, Page 4 




Romania Is Left in the Dust as Eastern Europe Speeds Forward 


By David B. Ottaway 

fYad&tgtcm Pott Service 

CLUJ, Romania — "Sony.wedonot have any. 
milk, " said toe waiter at Gups best hotel toe Conti- 
nental “Unless you want powdered milk.” ' ' ; 

Nor was there fresh-brewed coffee. Just tbe pow- . 
dered variety. X. . 

Nearly five years after the people of Romania rose' 
up against the dictatorsfayv of Ntodac Ceausescn, 
and after four years of half-hearted efforts at free; 
enterprise, this country is being left behmd in fast- 
ch ang m g Eastern Europe. ' 


Crossing toe border from Hungary into Romania 
involves more than the usual passport and customs 
checks, ft is like jumping back into a Europe of long 
ago. 


the 100-miles from Artaud on the Hungar- 
ian border to Clm, farmers could be seen cutting and 
aiaritiwg hay and hauling it to their barns. No one was 
■using machinery, just scythes and wooden pitchforks 
^pastoral picturesque and utterly pre-industrial. 


L Romania stands as a reminder that Eastern- Eu- 
rope,' after throwing socialist shackles, is fast 


dividing into two camps — those who are making it 
and those who are not 

Hungary. Poland and toe Czech Republic were 
already far ahead of Romania and Albania in eco- 
nomic development even in the worst of Communist 
times. All three have experienced problems in con- 
verting to modern economies, but are moving for- 
ward. 

Romania seems to be standing still. Clu j is one of 
the main cities of Transylvania, a region regarded by 
Romanians, as relatively well off. a land of hard- 
working peasants on productive land, many of them 


of the Hungarian ethnic minority. Yet signs of pro- 
gress are hard to find. 

Not a single tractor was seen along the Artand- 
Cluj road. Cows were a rare sight, which apparently 
explains why there is no fresh milk at the Continental 
Hotel 

The city has practically no restaurants because, 
according to residents, nobody can afford to caj in 
them on average salaries of $65 a month. t 

Many analysts blame Romania’s economic s#.gna- 
See CLUJ, Page 4 


less than 1,000 
because' of a stepped-up propaganda cam- 
paign by the ousted Hutu govertunent-in- 
exile to keep them in Zaire. 

UN and other aid officials have said that 
a mass repatriation of toe refugees was the 
only solution to a staggering humanitarian 
crisis that has overwhelmed relief efforts 
and turned the sprawling refugee settle- 
ments into veritable death camps of dis- 
ease and despair. 

Mrs. Ogata’s remarks, made after a brief 
tour of the camps, seemed to add more 
confusion to the debate over repatriation 
while highlighting bureaucratic splits with- 
in the office of UN's refugee body. 

Mrs. Ogata said she had met with offi- 
cials of the new Rwanda Patriotic Front 
government in the capital Kigali, and that 
they had assured her they were committed 
to national reconciliation after nearly four 
months of massacres and a bloody civil 
war. 

But she seemed to indicate that she 
would not take at face value the Patriotic 
Front’s assurances that refugees who re- 
turn would be well-received and protected. 

“I Ihink all toe things they are saying are 
the right things,” Mrs. Ogata said. But she 
added, “I’ll never say they should go home 
until I’m absolutely convinced that every- 
thing is all right” 

She said convincing the refugees to re- 
turn was a question of “protection and 
confidence-bimding.” 

She said the Patriotic Front had given 
her guarantees, but added: ’To say some- 
thing is very welcome. We have to see a 
little bit more." 

Mrs. Ogata agreed that “the solution is 
return" for this ongoing crisis, and said 
that the United Nations would assist any 

See RWANDA, Page 4 


Beijing Gives Chinese Investors a Break 


By Kevin Murphy 

International Herald TrBxtne ■ 

■ SHANGHAI — China’s domestic stock 
markets reversed half of a yearlong, losing 
streak in one session Monday,- with the- 
$h »n g frai market rocketing 36 percent and 
the Shenzhen bourse jumping 34 percent 
The wild rises came after Bering, an- 
nounced mows to halt losses that threat- 
ened to undermine Chinese investors’ faith 
in their fledgling stock markets. The gov- 
'•t nmfn t also hinted at greater foreign in- 
volvement in domestic trading far sooner 
than most observers ewr expected. 

' But analysts and executives wito compa- 


nies whose shares . joined the rally from 

record lows raised concerns that Monday’s 

steep nunaroixod owed more to manipula- 

tion than a return of investors' confidence. 
' A Friday derision to freeae the issuance 

of new shares to markets that had shed 

.more than 70 percent since January and 
eventually allow - Chinese-foreign fund 
management firms into the domestic mar- 

ket on a trial basis was widely expected to 
bolster trading. 

But rt was not clear whether the govern- 
ment, nervous about the destabi l izing ef- 
fects of a continuing rout, had orchestrat- 
ed the break-out through its control of 


Kiosk 


Berlusconi Takes 


; A Beating in Poll 

.ROME (AFP) — The popularity rat : 
. ihg of Prime Minister Suvio Beni 


w . ... luscom 

SI plunged 12 percent after an attempt 
.. to dip magistrates' powers and a con- 

• fiict of interest controversy. . 

, Mr. Beriuscom’s rating fen to 21.4 
► percent in an opinion poll taken at the 

• ■ end of July, down 12 percentage points 
/ from February. 

■ i Mr. Beriuscom will address Parlia- 

- menl on Tuesday to try 

' brushfires caused by some of his recent 

- mows/ There wffl be no vote of confi- 
; dence after the debate. 


As promt mounts, Haiti’s 
darw a state of saege. sage*. 


Book Review 
Chess 


PSage 7. 
Page 7. 





HONG KONG COLLAPSE — A 
fire fighter atop a concrete canopy 
that, fell onto a sidewalk Monday, 
Irilliiig a woman and iqjuring 16. 


securities firms and large state enterprises. 

“We don’t know yet whether it was 

individuals or state-backed bodies doing 
the, buying,” said Paul Vibert, research 
head with Baring Securities Ltd. in Shang- 

hai “We will see if it continues tomorrow. 
I don’t think it is sustainable^” 

Some were even more skeptical 
“Hie government must be pushing it 
up,” said an executive with a leading com- 

pany that has issued both A shares, which 
are reserved for locals, and B shares, where 

stocks denominated in U.S. or Hong Kong 
dollars are restricted to non-Chinese inves- 
tors. 

“Individuals are too worried about this 
market to buy on such a scale,” the execu- 
tive said. T think many small investors 
will make their escape with prices where 
they are now. It will be difficult for prices 
to hold steady now” 

After more than 40 years in mothballs, 
stock ownership in China has been trans- 

formed in less tha n four from a sure ticket 
to riches to a steady diet of pessimism. 

Before Monday, the A share index had 
fallen more than 80 percent from its Feb- 
ntaiy 1993 peak, wiping out the savings of 
many smaller investors and helping make 
high-yielding government bonds a safer 
alternative. 

“Many people are angry with the gov- 
ernment for letting tins happen,” a local 
broker said of reactions among the nearly 
S milli on Chinese who have invested in the 
local markets. “I think Beijing acted be- 



See CHINA, Rage 4 


AkunJcr Joc.Afitnw FrwM-PwMC 

A boy returning home Monday to Rwanda from a refugee camp in Zaire was given a lift on an aid agency’s truck. 


Trouble With the Triads Caps Jimmy Lai 9 s Climb 


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By Edward A. Gargau 

New York TTmcj Service 

HONO KONG — Two things changed Jimmy Lai’s, 
life forever: half a chocolate bar that he ate in 1 957, and 
the massacre around Tiananmen Square in Beijing 32 
years later. 

“When 1 was 9,1 was in Canton, just selling things on 
toe street, stealing things,” he said, recalling the young 
Lai Qn Ying. 

“I tried to help this guy, he had two big bags," he said. 
“A packet of something fell out of his pocket, and he 
broke it in half and said to eat it, I tasted this and said, 
‘What is that? 1 He said, ‘Chocolate, chocolate from Hong 
Kong.’ From that day, I said 1 wanted to go to Hong 
Kong.” 


Three years later, -uried up in the bottom of a smelly, 
wave-tossed teacup c; * boat, he was smuggled to Hong 
Kong. 

The former street urciun came to run one of Asia’s 
biggest chains of clothing stores, Giordano’s, and to 


Gkanferoo HokSngs’ earnings jfflnp as sales rise. Page 13. 


publish Hong Kong’s largest circulation weekly maga- 
zine, The journal of politics, crime, fashion, and lifestyles 
has managed with its exposes of corruption to enrage 
China ana to provoke Hong Kong's criminal gangs. 

In toe last few months, firebombs have been thrown at 
Mr, Lai’s home and paint at his clothing stores, and the 


police believe the gangs are responsible. Then in early 
July, China sued his magazine for libel 

“I don’t care," Mr. Lai said. "If we don't do it, 
someone else will." 

Like many of his fellow refugees, when he arrived in 
Hong Kong he brought with him little education or skills, 
but a ferocious determination to succeed. He went to 
work stitching gloves in a factory. 

Seven years later, he had become the manager of a 
large textile factory. “From there 2 worked until I started 
my own factory,** he said. “1 found I could not take 
orders from other people." 

In 1975, Mr. Lai opened his gannem factory. "I sold to 
retailers like the Limited and the Gap.” he said. “But I 


See TRIADS, Page 4 


« 


A * 

t-:r 








Page 2 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 2, 1994 


.** 


A Month After Opening, Serbian Murder Camp Ran at Top Speed 


By Roger Cohen 

Afcw York Tima Soviet 

Th J^ A SENICA, Bosma-Herzegovina — 
i ne Sertn an concentration camp of Susica, 
where about 3,000 Muslims died and thou- 
^nds more were imprisoned before exile, 
began its work in June 1991 Within a 
month* the pace of killing and expulsion of 

Second of two articles 


Muslims accelerated, and by the end of 
September, there were no Muslims left in 
Vlasenica and scant evidence of the sav- 
agery they had suffered. 

But now, two years later, a Serbian 
guard at the camp and dozens of Muslim 
survivors have come forward to provide 
the first account of a camp's operation to 
be corroborated by both sides in the Bosni- 
an war. Their convergent portrayals, con- 
veyed in separate, independent interviews, 
establish Susica’ s function as the systemat- 
ic eliminatioa of Muslims. 

The guard, Pero Popovic, 36, who de- 
serted from the Serbian Airny in January 
1993, made it dear in three interviews with 
The New York. Tunes that executions at 
the camp were a nightly occurrence and 
that a unit of the the Serb-dominated Yu- 
goslav Army opened the way for the 
“cleansing” of Vlasenica by surrounding 
and disarming its M uslim population a few 
weeks before the camp opened. 

A Singular Sadism 

Susica, a former army depot, began its 
work in May 1992 and within a month was 
operating at high speed. The orchestrator 
of the proceedings there was a Serb in his 
mid-30s named Dragan Nikolic, who was 
widely known by his nickname, “Yankee,” 
Mr. Popovic and survivors of the camp 
said. 

A former employee of Lhe the local alu- 


minum company called Alpro, Mr. Nikolic 
now works for the Bosnian Serbian secret 
police. As commander of the camp from 
about June 10, Mr. Nikolic appears to have 
displayed a singular sadism. 

Every night, Mr. Popovic and camp sur- 
vivors said, Mr. Nikolic, a tall slim figure 
with a nasal voice, would come into the 
hangar and point to men or read out a list 
of names. Shortly afterward, people inside 
the hangar would bear shooting. The men 
selected never returned. Mr. Popovic said 
they were generally lined up against an 
electricity pylon just outside the hangar 
and shot. 

“Nikolic and his cronies often seemed 
drunk,” said Zijad Zeimic, who entered 
Susica on June 2 as one of the camp's first 
prisoners. “There was a deathly silence 
when they came in and we had to put our 
faces down. It did not seem like there was 
much of a system. Theyjust came in drunk 
and pointed to people. 

Executions of small groups took place 
within the camp, just outside the hangar, 
Mr. Popovic said. But large-scale execu- 
tions — which generally happened in re- 
prisal for the killing in the war of a local 
Serb — were carried out at a nearby ravine 
called Han Ploca. 

Men were loaded into the back of a 
truck, taken up to the edge of the ravine, 
about five miles away, and then shot as 
they emerged from the vehicle, he said 
Groups of young soldiers were brought in 
to perform the executions. The bodies fell 
into the ravine and bulldozers were used to 
cover them over. 

Mr. Popovic said: “In mid-June I wit- 
nessed the execution at the ravine of 26 
people. One man got away by running 
down into the woods as he got out of the 
truck. In all, at least 1,000 people were 
executed up there. At first the executions 


took place during the day, but later they 
were all at night-” 

Payoffs From Victims 

Asked about Mr. Nikolic’s motives, Mr. 
Popovic said he believed he was influenced 
by Serbian nationalist propaganda and 
was also makin g a lot of money from his 
victims. 

“Nikolic was taking everything of value 
from the Muslims,” Mr. Popovic said. 
“One woman offered me 18,000 German 
marks to arrange her release. There woe 
nearly 20,000 Muslims in the county. So 
you can imagine the money that was being 
made." 

The Serbian concentration camp of Su- 
sica near this eastern Bosnian town had 
been functioning for just over a month 
when, on July 8, 1992, a Serbian soldier 
came to the home of Rafija Hadzic and 
ordered her to undress. 

An hour before, her husband, Ejub Had- 
zic, had been arrested and taken away. 
Like many other young Muslim women 
from Vlasenica, she has newer seen her 
husband again. 

“My 8-year-old daughter was standing 
in the room, but the soldier beat me with 
the butt of his gun and cut me with a 
knife,” said Mrs. Hadzic, who is now a 
refugee in the town of Kladanj. 

Mrs. Hadzic and her daughter were tak- 
en to the Susica camp, where they arrived 
at about 7:30 P.M. Inside a large hangar, 
she said she found about 700 Muslim resi- 
dents of the Vlasenica area — men, women 
and children — massed on a concrete 
floor. 

“I was there for 10 days,” she said. 
“During that time, I saw one man's ear cut 
off by the Serbs, and two others killed. The 
men killed were Ismet Dedic and Galib 
Music. People were beaten every day. 
Sometimes a dead body would lie in the 


hangar for hours, before the guards came 
with a bag and took it away. 

Eventually, Mrs. Hadzic and her daugh- 
ter were taken up to the front line near 
Kladanj and_made to walk down into gov- 
ernment-held territory. 

The treatment of Bars. Hadzic reflected 
the worsening situation for the Muslims of 
Vlasenica at the beginning of inly. Al- 
though just six months earlier, there had 
been only small hints of ethnic tensions in 
litis mixed Bosnian town, the outbreak of 
war in April had unleashed a pent-up fury 
among heavily armed Serbs that left Mus- 
lim civ ilians helpless. 

. On July 5, however, the emergent forces 
of the Muslim-led Bosnian' government hit 
bade, killing a local . Serbian hero in Vla- 
senica. He was Dragoljub Stojisic, whose 
nickname was “Kalimero,” a popular Ser- 
bian cartoon character. 

“Kalimero was loved by all the Serbs,” 
Mr. Popovic said. “He was a brilliant auto 
electrician and a very brave fighter. He and 
his cousin, Danilo, died in an ambush at 
Barica, about two miles from town. After 
that, in reprisal, about 300 Muslim prison- 
er? were killed by firing squad. One of 
those kille d was a man called Ibrahim 
Zlatic.” 

Betrayed by Neighbors 

Like other refugees whose husbands 
have disappeared, Mrs. Hadzic still 
pears stunned and incredulous. Uz 
Nazi camps during Wozid War EL, Susica 
was a nanrm in which torture and death 
were meted’ out by soldiers on people who 
had been their imnwatiatg neighbors. 

In testimony to the depth of pathologi- 
cal hatreds in the Balkans, the former 
Muslim friends of Serbs in Vlasenica were 
suddenly demonized as fellow Slavs who 
had committed “treason” centuries ago by 


converting to Islam during the long occu- 
pation of the Ottoman Turks. 

-“A complete wall came downon Vlasen- 
ica in early May 1992/” said Kkra Atalov. 
“The Serbs would not even say hello to us 


more. 


. „ September 1992,the only Muslims in 
Vlasenica left were old 'people or invalids 
whom the Serbs had rcfrainai from shift- 
ing before. Now it was their turn. 

On Sept. IS, 1992, the Serbs came to the 
home of Tima Handzic. Aged 93, she was 
lying on a bed when a Serbian soldier 
kicked in the door of her Vlasenica home 
and ordered her to come with him. 

“K31 meat my door,” she aid, *T can’t 
move.” 

'Goto Your Alija’ 

The soldier replied: “IdanT want to kill 
you. But yon have to come with me.” .... 

Mrs Handzicte daughter, Meyra, was 
also in die house, “We hid no shoes on,” 
she said, “so I asked to be able to get some 
shoes. But the soldier said no.” 

The two women were driven down to 
Susica camp, where they found several 
hundred people sprawled an the concrete 
floor of the hangar. “I thought, ‘Oh, my 
God, we’re dead’,” Meyra Handzic said. 

A surprise awaited her. Among thepris- 
anere was her son, Sugo Handzic, who had 
been arrested on June L As Meyra Hand- 
zac recalled, her son approached her, em- 
braced her and said: ’‘Now that you are 
here, I see that it’s There is no 

hope for me.” 

Tima and Meyra Hanzac were loaded 
onto a bus the faQowmg afternoon and 
driven, in the usual procedure, to a village 
near Klatfanj . "Go to your Ana, 1 * was the 
parting order from their Serbian guard, 
referring to the Muslim president of Bos- 
nia, Alxja Izetbegovic. 


In Kladanj, Meyra Handzic found an- 
other of her sons, Abdulah Handzic. _a 
nj utcw-fflat* efres* player whose friendship 
Mth the Serbian president of the Vlasenma 
rbe^ dub had saved him. On May 17, 
1992, armed with a special pass provided 
to him by the president of the chess dub, 
Abdulah Handzic had escaped Vlasenica. 

Now he is a soldier in the 1st Muslim 
brigade of the 11 Corps - off the Bosnian 
Army; 

Mr. WnnHric js driven by the hope that 
he will find his brother, Sujjo. The family 
has~no word of him ante he was last seen 
by Meyra and Tima Handzic in Susica 
camp. 

But Mr. Popovic, the Serbian guard, 
said that Sufcjo Handzic is dead. “He was 
executed ” he said. 

In the. last mouth of its operation, com- 
mand of Susica ram p was taken over by an 
(ffirw m the Bosnian Serb army. Major 
Mile Jacnnovk, Mr. Popovic said. Major 
Jaczmovic, he said, was utterly ruthless in 
his determination to root out all Muslims 
from Vlasenica. . 

By the end of September, Major Jacimo- 
vie had decided to dose the Susica camp. 
Asked if this was the result of concern that 
the ramp might be found, following the 
discovery in early August of Omarska; 
camp near Banja Luka, Mr. Popovic said: , 

“No, it was simply that there were no- 
more Muslima in the Vlasenica area, and ! 
Jacimovic and Nikolic had taken all the- 
money they could from the Muslims.” ; 

Mayor Jadmovic decided that most of! 
the survivin g 200 prisoners should be ex©-- 
coted, Mr. Popovic said- , 

“Over half of them were taken up to the 
ravine and shot,” he said. “The others were' 
taken up toward the front line to the west, 
and pot to weak digging trenches near - 
Pakzmca.” 

After its closure, Susica became what it- 
had been before: a military depot. 


West Seems Unable 
To Deter the Serbs 

Allies Are Badly Outflanked 


By John Pomfret 

Washington Past Senior 

SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herze- 
govina — Employing a series of 
maneuvers, both political and 
military, the Bosnian Serbs 
have launched one of their most 
successful assaults ever on the 
international co mmuni ty and 

NEWS ANALYSIS 

the Bosnian Muslims, effective- 
ly burying a peace plan that 
would end Bosnia's 27-month- 
old war by compelling them to 
surrender almost one-third of 
the territory they have con- 
quered. 

Over the course of the last 
month, while Secretary of State 
Warren M. Christopher, De- 
fense Secretary William J. Perry 
and senior officials from Rus- 
sia, Germany, Britain and 
France issued blunt statements 
demanding approval of the 
plan, Serbian forces have simul- 
taneously attempted to divide 
the international community 
and convince diehard anti-Ser- 
bian countries, including the 
United States, that further in- 
tervention in Bosnia would be 
too costly. 

The successful assault on 
what the Clinton administra- 
tion has called “the last chance 
for peace in Bosnia” illustrates 
the inability of the international 
community to alter the course 
of Europe's bloodiest conflict 
since World War 0. 


The plan's burial turns an- 
other page in Lhe history of the 
international community's 
troubled relationship with this 
country and could pave the way 
for the recognition of changes 
in internationally recognized 
boundaries by force. 

In Bosnia, the plan's demise 
means more death for Bosnian 
Muslims, Serbs and Croats. Al- 
ready, United Nations officers 
speak of the necessity of limit- 
ing new fighting to an “accept- 
able level of violence.” Since the 
conflict erupted in April 1992, 
more than 200,000 people have 
died and 2 million have lost 
their homes. 

“As long as they don't start 
killing women and children 
again, this thing will muddle 
along for quite some time,” said 
a UN officer. “That’s the level 
the international community 
seems willing to accept” 

One of the key problems. 
Western analysts here say, is 
that the international commu- 
nity’s behavior in Bosnia has 
become predictable. Each new 
peace proposal does not come 
with a new approach. 

“We’ve got to introduce un- 
certainty into the process to 
start the Serbs guessing,” said a 
Western diplomat “Otherwise 
it will be the same old game.” 

The latest Serbian move 
came Monday, a diplomatic 
gambit that followed several 
days of violence pinpointed for 



primei 
day thi 


. Nkfc Sharp/Rcmas 

A Bosnian Serbian patrol wearing gas masks to protect against chlorine-charged ammunition used by Mnsfim forces. 


In Bangkok, 
business 
women know 
their place. 

A 

T HE LANDMAR K 

OF BANGKOK 

A 

S U vw I T 


138 Sukhunivit Rd.. Bangkok 10110. Thailand. 

Fax ««562> 253 -*279 Td (662r 25*1 040-1 

The Landmark of London is the Royal Lancaster Hotel 


maximum effect The Serbian 
leadership responded to a dec- 
laration made by the United 
States, Russia. Britain. Germa- 
ny and France over the week- 
end that threatened increased 
economic sanctions and other 
possible penalties if the Serbs 
did not sign the plan. 

The statement called for new 
negotiations on the plan that 
would divide Bosnia into 
roughly equal parts, one con- 
trolled by a federation of 
Croats and Muslims, the other 


run by Serbs. Significantly, 
however, the response included 
demands to change the plan's 
map and for international rec- 
ognition for the Serbian break- 
away republic in Bosnia, two 
conditions already rejected by 
the five powers. 

In addressing their response 
to Russia, Britain and France, 
and excluding the United States 
and Germany, the Bo snian Ser- 
bian statement aimed at split- 
ting the fragile international 
consensus on Bosnia that was 


reflected in the nrild threats 
m a de against the Serbs. 

On the battlefront, the Sobs 
hare taken a series of measures 
designed to convince the inter- 
national community that mfli- 
tary intervention would be ex- 
tremely painfuL They indnded 
an assault on a Ukr ainian plane 
that resulted in the closure of 
Sarajevo’s airport, and an at- 
tack on a UN convoy carrying 
food and supplies into Sarajevo. 

These steps were part of a 
process aimed at whittling away 


at the foundation of Sarajevo's 
successful cease-fire, estab- 
lished in February after a mor- 
tar attack chi Sarajevo’s open- 
air market killed 68 peoples 
UN officials now regularly 
voice fears that with the peace 
plan collapsing around them, 
the mostly-Muslim Bosnian 
Army would soon increase its 
attempts to provoke Serbian at- 
tacks m an effort to lure North 
Atlantic Treaty Organization 
warplanes into bombing Serbi- 
an positions. 


Bonn Apology on Warsaw Uprising Day 


ConpUed by Our Staff From Dispatches 

WARSAW — President Roman Herzog 
of Germany apologized Monday for the 
suffering his nation caused Poland in 
World War II in a gesture marking the 
50th anniversary of the Warsaw Uprising 
against Nazi occupation. 

Mr. Herzog said the anniversary of one 
of the bloodiest battles of the war, in which 
more than 200.000 Poles were killed, 
should launch new efforts to build a more 
united Europe. 

“Today I bow down before the victims 
of the Warsaw Uprising, as before all Pol- 
ish victims of the war,” Mr. Herzog said in 
a speech delivered in front of a huge monu- 
ment to the uprising. “1 ask for forgiveness 
for what Germans did to you.” 

“What we need is understanding trust 
and good neighborliness.” he said. “Thai 
can only grow when our peoples put the 
dark aspects of their recent history com- 
pletely into the open.” 

Mr. Herzog was not the first German 
leader to apologize to Warsaw for the war. 


but his gesture was a dramatic climax to 
four days of events commemorating the 
uprising. 

As Poland sol emnl y marked the anni- 
versary, the enduring controversy over the 
Russians* failure to aid the insurgents re- 
emerged as a painful theme. 

President Boris N. Yeltsin of Russia had 
turned down President Lech Walesa’s invi- 
tation to attend the commemorations. His 
deputy spokesman said Monday that Mr. 
Ydtsin was “overloaded with work.” 

Mr. Yeltsin instead sent his chief of 
staff, Sergei A. Filatov, who set a concilia- 
tory tone before leaving Moscow by saying 
Poles and Russians alike were victims of 
Soviet totalitarianism under Stalin. 

Kit the Moscow newspaper Pravda ac- 
cused Polish historians on Saturday of 
“trying to rewrite history” by stressing that 
the uprising failed chiefly because the ad- 
vancing Soviet Army halted on the eastern 
bank of the Vistula River and looked on as 
the Nazis snuffed out the insurgents. 

“We had better not quote what the Pol- 


ish propaganda is saying about us,” said 
Pravda, voice of Rusaa’s Communist op- 
position. “It’ssimply insulting.” 

The revolt's failure allowed Stalin to 
cement control over postwar Poland. 

In official ceremonies at the Tomb of 
the Unknown Soldier on Monday, red-be- 
ret ed soldiers and aged uprising veterans 
in World War U-era uniforms marched in 
36 degree centigrade (97 Fahrenheit) heat 
past Mr. Walesa and other Polish leaden. 

No veterans were to march before for- 
eign dignitaries, inducting Vice President 
A1 Gore, Prime Minister John Major of 
Britain and Mr. Herzog. 

“Herzog should march before us and ask 
for forgiveness,” said Witold StanJriewicz, 
67, expressing the feelings of many of his 
fellow uprising veterans. “In front of our 
eyes we watched the Germans tine up civil- 
ians and shoot them.” 

About 6 million of Poland’s inhaTwmniie .. 
were killed during World War Q, including 
3 million Jews. ' 

(AP, Reuters) ■ 


WORLD BRIEFS 


Syria Rejects Peace Appeal by Israel : 

DAMASCUS (Reuters) — Syria rejected a call by the Israeli 
minister, Yitzhak Rabin, for a peace gesture, saying Mou-i 
_ that it was up to Israel to take such a step since it occupies 
Syrian and other Arab lands. 

The Tishrin daily said Israel should publicly state its commits 
meat to withdraw fully from the Golan Heights and southern 
Lebanon to advanre tim 33-month-old Israeli- Syrian peace negfr 
nations. 

On Sunday, Mr: Rabin-urged President Hafez Assad to take a 
public step to persuade the Israeli public that Damascus was 
ready to fellow tite Palestine Liberation Organization and Jordan 
mending the state of war with Israel. ■ 

IRA Ready for Cease-Fire, Paper Says 

DUBLIN (NYT)- — The outlawed Irish Republican Army has 
“strongly indicated” drat it is preparing to suspend for at least aj 
month its campaign of killing in Northern Ireland, The Irish 
Times reported Monday. 

The newspaper, usually accurate in its Northern Ireland re-i 
ports, said “Republican sources m Belfast" indicated that the IRA 
was getting ready to atmounre later this month a unilateral cease * 
fire to last at least one month, and maybe two or three, possibly to 
t% begin in September. Independent political analysts with contacts' 
in Republican circles in the north confirmed the report. 

2 French Officials Face Prosecution 

TOULON, France (Combined Dispatches) — Senator Maurice 
Arreckx was charged here Monday with corruption and breach of 

- trust over a kickback scandjdinvolring a budding contract in this 
southeaster post, the prosecutor’s office said. 

Mr. Aneckx, 76, was questioned for six hours before being 
charged. He was to befaeMmrenri^btin^ the Beaumettes prison in' 
Marseille, the office said. 

Meanwhile, the former mayor of Nice, Jacques Mfcdecm, will be 
extradited to France froth Uruguay at the end of the month to face' 
corruption and food charges, legalsourccs said Monday. The 

- Appeals Court in Montevideo announced earlier that it had voted 
to extradite Mr. M6deon, 66, who fled to Uruguay in 1990 after 
the French police issued a warrant for his.arrest (AFP, Reuters) 


TRAVEL UPDATE ; 
French Dispute Prolongs Air Chaos • 

. PARIS (AP) — Long delays .in flights over southern France 
persisted Monday due to a traffic controllers’ dispute, disruptin g, 
traffic in neighboring countries and threatening to drag on. 

. Controllers in the region’s main center at Aix-en-Provence, 

. staged a weekendstrike two weeks ago and have since refused to 
work overtime, said a spokeswoman for the nation's aviation 
authority. “The delays in Nice are like yesterday, about three' 
hours,” she said. Nice, the island of Corsica, and popular vacation 
spots in northern Spain also .were affected. ._ 

Portuguese train drivers began a five-day-stoppage of intercity, 
main-tine and international services Monday to demand a shorter ^ 
working week and a higher professional status, a union official® 
said on Monday. ... (Reuters) 

■ KLM Royal Dutch Airfmes wffl be allowed to fly to two more 
Russian destinations, alongside existing services to Moscow and- 
St Petersburg, following an agreement with Russia, the Dutch' 
TnmsporUdra Ministry said, (AFX)- 

, New Valencia, Spaia, hundreds of fire fighters and soldiers- 
tattled to control a wildfire Monday that forced 320 people from, 
their isolated homes.’ The fire was burning around Requena. 60- 
kflametera (35 miles) west of Valencia. (AP)- 


W M " ■■■s mo hhubuihs reacnea a tentative cent 

agreement cm Monday with the city*s transit authority, but I 
cud notmunecnatetyend the walkout The announcement cam 
the strike was entering a second week. ■ ( 

Ate telcf £® hflonetofo (ft nffles) of Paris-bound lanes of the 
exp* e sSway between Oily and Paris will be closed foe roadwc 
from Tuesday until Aug. 24, authorities said Monday. Dei 
routes have been set up to minimize traffic jams. ( At 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 2, 1994 



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v3h\ ^ y GTQN ~ "Federal marMs hate' 
P rotccl ^ aat “^wrtiori dimes' afid 1 . 

taking an pradeat steps," Ms* Reno 
10U reporters in-response to questions about 
Stacks on . cTxmcs and dime woikers.“It's a 
problem throughout the cation." • • . 

for ^CF^otection' 
Mows the_laDing of an abortion doctor Whis 

«OTton.Fn(tay mPensacoli-Florida, and- tie 

^^dbing.of a clime m Falls Qiurch, Vixgmia, 

r Mi Reno declined to say how many Tnart-tpk 
■ W evolved pr whenvbut proaboraonrights 
they were on duty in Pensacola. Falls 
Gtn g™, H ouston and Wichita, Kansas — each 
' the of prior anti-abortion turbulence The 
fumshals were also in Fargo, North Dakota, the 
only place in that state where abortions are- 
palonnetL • 


..The Pensacola police anested 7 Paol Hill, a 
former minister and .leader of an anti-abortion 
group that advocated justifiable homicide 
against doctors who perform abortions,. He was 
charges! with killing Dr. John Britton, and his 
.escort, - James Barrett, arid wounding Mr. Bar- 
rett’s wife. 

- • David Gunn, another doctor who performed 
.abortions, was murdered at another abortion 
dime in Pensacola last year, Mkhad Griffin, a 
local abortion protester, was convicted of the 
murder and sentenced to life in prison. 

Mr. JED had defended Mr. Griffin, saying he 

. should not have been- convicted. 

..Sandy Sheldon, co-administrator at Pensacola 
Women’s Medical Services, the clinic where Dr. 
: Gorin was shot dead in March 1993, said: “We’re 


r c arc under siege, ■ and it’s a very d efini te 
■threat” 

: Ms. Sheldon said she had been told that feder- 
al officers would be on duty 24 hoars a day at 
Pensacola’s two clinics. 


Both dinics in Pensacola said they would stay 
in operation. 

“We are not quitting,” Ms. Sheldon said. 

Susan Nenney, spokeswoman for Planned 
Parenthood of Houston and southeast Texas, 
said marshals were at three or four Houston 
dim es that have been targets of tbe strongest 
protests. 

“We appreciate that involvement,” she said. 

A spokeswoman in Wichita said U.S. marshals 
were patrolling two abortion duties, including 
one where a doctor was shot and wounded last 
year. The dry was the site of a summer-long 
protest in 1991. with more than 2,600 arrests. 

No one has been arrested in the Falls Church 
firebombisg, which caused limited damage and 

the /cdcraS Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and 
Firearms, and the clinic has reopened. 

Ms. Reno's dispatch of marshals did not satis- 
fy pro-abortion rights activists who called for a 
full-scale federal investigation of a possible con- 
involving the abortion killings and 
its against other abortion doctors. 


“We do not believe that these individuals who 
pulled the trigger acted alone,” Katherine Spillar 
of the Fe minis t Majority Foundation said at a 
demonstration outside the Justice Department. 

Ms. Reno said that the Justice Department 
was investigating to see if (here is any organized 
effort of criminal violence against climes and 
those who work in them. 

Besides the three abortion clinic shootings. 
Ms. Spillar and representatives of the National 
Organization for women said federal investiga- 
tors should investigate the death of Dr. Wayne 
Patterson in Mobile, Alabama, last August- 

Dr. Patterson, killed in what the police called a 
robbery, bad performed abortions in Pensacola 
after Dr. Gunn's death. 

An Anti-abortion activist. Randall Terry, con- 
demned tbe clinic killings but said federal mar- 
shals should not be brought in. 

“They should put ihetn in the gang areas and 
go after the drug runners," Mr. Terry said. “To 
call out federal marshals is an overreaction, and 
it only exacerbates an already tense situation." 

(Reuters, AP) 


Jti 


>■*-' : 


: ? 

- ;r 


Away From Politics 


t 


, are concerned that the Penta- 
gon cannot afford its strategy 
of being prepared to fight two 
regional wars at the. same 
~time. The General Account-' 
mg Office says the Defense 
Department may have over- 
stated savings and underesti- 
mated costs, by more than 
$150 billion in its $1.2 trillion 
budget for 1995 to 1999. That 
figure is much higher than the 
estimate by the Senate Aimed 
Services Committee, . which 
said in June that it was “seri- 
ously concerned”: that 'the 
Pentagon would be unable to 
finance its strategy. ' 

• Secondhand cigarette 
smoke wffl cause an estimated, 
47,000 deaths and .about 
. 150,000 nonfat*! ~ bout at- 
tacks in US. nonsmokers this 
year, according to a study to 
bcywblished ;this_ week in a v 

• A new study suggests that 
senior Citizens with larger , 
head circumferences are less 
likely to develop 'Abheiinetfs 
disease arid ; <rtner forms of 
age-rdateddoamda than are - 
persons with smaller beads. . 

• A seaplane attoi rtiiit 'a 7 

hMhg on. the WtBamette'. 
River m Wheatland,; Oregon, 
struck aod JpUed &man and a 
woman canoeing with their, 
two sons. ‘ ’ -* 

; Vl ' ^ ' Reuter?, AP. PfTT ■ 



Ditfc Baldwin/ Rcutcn ■ 

;A LTFIIJE . REST. 'FOR THE WEARY — A fire 
fighter catchup * nap during a battle against Mazes 
that huyebtsped 91,000 acres of land m central Wash- 
ington, one ritf 26 major fires in eight western states. 


Legal Lid Lifts in Simpson Case 

Release of Transcript Spurs Pretrial Dueling 


By B. Drummond Ayres Jr. 

New York Tones Service 

LOS ANGELES — In mak- 
. ing public a transcript of the 
aborted grand jury inquiry in 
the O. J. Simpson case, the trial 
judge bus provided not only an 
intriguing, even titillating, peek 
at previously undisclosed inves- 
tigative material but has also 
given an insight into what is 
normally a secretive legal pro- 
cess. 

The 460-page transcript, 
made public over the weekend 
by Judge Lance A. I to after 
pieces of tbe testimony were 
publicized by some news orga- 
nizations, includes testimony 
that suggests that prosecutors 
may try to portray Mr. Simpson 
as a scorned, possessive man 
whose jealous rage turned to 
violence, resulting in the bloody 
slayings of Nicole Brown Simp- 
son and her friend Ronald L. 
Goldman. 

But Robert Shapiro, Mr. 
Simpson’s chief defense lawyer, 
countered that such a portrayal 
would be grossly incorrect. 

Mr. Shapiro asserted instead 
that Mr. Simpson demonstrat- 
ed in tbe months before tbe kill- 
ings that although he was sorely 
tned by his fanner wife’s rela- 


tionships with other men, he 
reacted only verbally and with 
“great, great control and great 
restraint.” 

“Any lesser man probably 
would have done something a 
lot more serious than talk," Mr. 
Shapiro said in an interview. 

Prosecutors refused to dis- 
cuss tbe transcript 

Evidence about a defendant's 
conduct before a crime can be a 
hotly disputed issue in trials; its 
admissibility generally depends 
on bow long ago the conduct in 
question occurred and how it 
bears on motive and intent 

Mr. Shapiro refused to dis- 
cuss what the defense strategy 
might be if the prosecution tried 
to enter evidence about his cli- 
ent’s earlier conduct 

Tire release of the grand jury 
transcript was still another de- 
velopment in the pretrial pub- 
licity war in the Simpson case. 
It was because of leaks of infor- 
mation that a judge dismissed 
the grand jury hearing evidence 
and replaced it with the tele- 
vised open-court preliminary 
hearing. 

Now, leaks of the grand jury 
proceedings themselves have 
fenced Judge Ito to unseal the 
whole record in an effort to 


guarantee that neither the de- 
fense nor prosecution gains un- 
fair advantage. 

The transcript also discloses 
that tbe prosecution has blood- 
test results that appear to sup- 
port its contention that Mr. 
Simpson was the assailant in 
the June 12 slayings outside 
Mrs. Simpson's condo minium . 

Among those results, accord- 
ing to prosecution blood ex- 
perts, are findings that a bloody 
glove picked up at Mr. Simp- 
son's bouse contains a “possible 
mixture” of his blood and the 
blood of both victims. 

Earlier, prosecutors had said 
that blood droplets found at the 
scene contained many charac- 
teristics also found in samples 
of Mr. Simpson's blood. 

There is also testimony in the 
transcript that Mr. Simpson, 
who had a cut on his left hand 
when arrested, told investiga- 
tors initially that he did not 
know how he got the cut, then 
later said he had apparently in- 
jured his hand somehow while 
in Los Angeles on June 12 and 
then had reinsured it on the 
morning of June 13. when, after 
flying to Chicago overnight, he 
broke a glass when notified of 
Mrs. Simpson’s death. 


Mitchell Says Health Plan Meets Main Goal 

WASHINGTON — The Senate majority leader 1 . George J. 
Mitchell of Maine, emerged from a meeting with President 
BiJJ Ginton on Monday promising that his scaled-down, 
health care plan would meet the president’s main objective — ’ 
insurance for all Americans. 

"That’s the goal on which the president has never wavered 
— what I believe we will attain.'' Mr. Mitchell told reporters 
outside the White House. 

Mr. Mitchell's plan will stretch out the period for covering 
all Americans and limits employer responsibility for premi- 
ums to 50 percent. It is substantially less expansive than the 
one House leaders unveiled last week and would delay any 
mandatory requirement for health insurance until at least the 
turn of the century. 

Even then. Mr. Mitchell said, his bill would exempt small 
businesses from any obligation to pay for their workers' 
insurance and require other firms to pay only half the cost of 
insurance, with individuals paying the other half. "I think a 
vole on that subject would be very close," he said. I A P. WP i 

Party Strategists Discover ‘Moral Decline* 

WASHfNGTON — Here’s a sign of the times: Former 
Education Secretary William J. Bennett, whose moralizing 
"Book of Virtues" has been lodged near the top of the best- 
seller list for months, now has on his desk requests from 
about 100 Republican candidates to come and speak in their 
behalf in the fall election. 

From coast to coasL moral decline is rocketing to the top 
of the agenda for campaign 1994. In a growing number of 
races for state and federal office, candidates are lining up to 
lament the trends in American family life — and linking 
problems from crime to the decay of the cities to a perceived 
breakdown in the transmission of values from one generation 
to the nexL (LAT) 


Washington Voters Rehabilitate Ex-Mayor 

WASHrNGTON — At first glance, they seem the most 
improbable of scenes: crowds hailing Marion S. Barry Jr. as a 
savior of the city 1 , cheering him on as he seeks a fourth term as 
mayor. 

After all. this is the same man whose third term effectively 
ended four years ago when federal agents videotaped him 
smoking crack. He was convicted on a misdemeanor charge 
of cocaine possession and served six months in prison. 

But in the strange brew of local politics in Washington. 
Mr. Barry is marching through rehabilitation and redemp- 
tion. 

In the most recent independent poll of District of Colum- 
bia voters, conducted in late June by The Washington Post, 
38 percent said they would vote for Mr. Barry, compared 
with 26 percent for John Ray. a member of the city council, 
and 16 percent for the current mayor. Sharon Pratt Kelly, 
whose political troubles have left an opening for Mr. Barry. 
AH of the candidates arc black. ( N }T) 


Quote/Unquote 

Robert W. Tucker, a foreign policy expert at Johns Hop- 
kins University: "Clinton is caught in a dilemma of his own 
making. He came into office intending lo concentrate on 
domestic affairs, bui he made a lot of commitments on 
foreign policy during the campaign, on Bosnia and Haiti and 
other issues. And he wanted to fulfill them without the use of 
American military power. He has developed something new- 
under the sun; the idea of bloodless war. The only problem is 
that it doesn’t exist ” ( LAT) 


■r* V : X.VT' jS'V' 


-M 


- • -a*'- tr£ 



Cotnfnkdtythr Sfisfi9w»i OEppufeer _ ^ 

WASHINGTON—!*© Qintoia White ' 
House wasbriefed'abpntaninvestigatkm 
of a fafled Arkansas s&vin^s and. loan 
linked to thefiratffflbo^ ... 

tbe information be,k^?t oc»ifidcntxal, a : 
senior regulator tolff Ctmgjws today... . 

‘ .The regulator, WnharaJtoeflc, also re- . 
vealed that in them*ddlq.<“ th£l992 jjresF •* 
dential campaign, ah aids .‘to President' 
George Bush asked tlte Resolution ' Trust - 
Carp, for details about the investigation. 

On the second day of its Whitewater 
hearings, the Senate Banking Committee 
focused on the trust, the watchdog agency 


that initiated themvestigiitioii nn__ 
the failed Madison Guaranty Savings & 
I ran. : • 

Republicans have accused the Demo- 
dritic admknstration of improper contacts 
between the White House and Treasury 
Department and said they suggested the 
possibility of a cover-up. - 
The Arkansas thrift was', owned by 


a 


Jamcs By McDougal, President BUI Ctin- 
ton’s. former business' partner in the 
Wbrtewatex land venture. The trust’s in- 
yestigation has suggested that Mr. Cbnton 
and, bas^^rife, Hillary Rodham CUnton, 
may have benefited bom improper finan- 
Qal dealmgs at the thrift! 

... Triistcffidal? testified that no onetn the 
CHntoco. administration had tried to influ- 
"epce their investigation. But John. Ryan, 
.tfae . trust's acting chief executive officer, 
conceded that the case was treated differ- 
enfly -'from others. 

’ under questioning by Senator Pete V. 
Domoiiri, Republican of New Mexico, 
Mr.. Ryan was asked if the trust handled 
the ^Madison casp like others. "I would 
agri|£ it was not in certain respects,” Mr. 
RyeasaicL. . . - v 

Mi. Rodte, then a trust RTC vice presi- 
dent, acknowledged that when he first told 

investigation, he 
implored them to keep it confidential. In- 



stead, Treasury General Counsel Jean 
Hanson told the White House about crimi- 
nal referrals — a recommendation forpos- 
sible prosecution — involving Madison 
three days later. 

“I believe it would have been better if no 
one had known about these criminal refer- 
rals,” which listed (he president and Mrs. 
Ginton as possible witnesses, Mr. Roelle 


Under questioning from Democrats, 
Mr. Roelle said he first learned of the 
investigation in September 1992, and told 
Albert Casey, then the Bosh-appointed 
head of the trust 

In the final weeks of the presidential 
campaign, Mr. Roelle testified, the Bush 
White House inquired about the inquiry. 

“1 was told by Mr. Casey that he had 
had a phone call from the White House 
asking about the criminal referral,” Mr. 
Roelle said. “And I indicated to Mr. Casey 
that it would be inappropriate to discuss it 
with the White House.” (AP, AFP) 



'F. By Helen Dewar 

- W<a/argfca Post Sarlee 
ALBUQUERQUE, New 
Mexico -i- “It’s Bill Clinton, 
Stupid,” reads the hann finely. 
familiar sign that han gs in the 
headquarters of Colin McMil- 
- ian, a Republican who is hying 
to unseat New Mexico’s Demo- 
! antic senator, Jeff Bin gaman , 
in November. • . . 

' - TWo years after President Bfll 
Clinton's campaign strategists 
tt sfd a simila r mantra to keep 
. their focus on the economy, Re- 
publicans have recycled it to 
exploit anger out West over 
higher fees and tighter rules for 

Mnin'a and yntning OO pubftC 


Ca may be overdoing it by ad- 
dressing a vanishing West, a 
rmndly [hanging region where 
Mr. Bmgamaa's dark ants and 
rtcch talk 


“Jeff Bingaman is part of the 
Washington scene,” ■ Mr. • Mo- 
Mfilan- says repeatedly. “He’s 
forgotten where he came from." 

The »rig w that spills out of 

many minin g, ranching and v j r~ ; Mr. umga 

timbering areas was summed up blue^eans and twangy jabs at ^ 

t— «* « "Eastern environmentalists. reserved and 


where crime, education and 


high-tech talk fit at least as to win. 
comfortably as Mr. McMxDan’s 


jobs are more pressing than 
grazing fees, and Mr. McMillan 
concedes he must cany the city 



• EHH BUREAUS 


UIVJ- • a 

They are trying almost sm- 
rie-mindfidly to tie Democrats 
’ Ike Mr. Bingaman to the presi- 
dent, who has lost snpport.m 
New Mexico since he earned 

- the state in 1992. Mr. Ototon s 

popularity in man* 
states is Jagging b$and 

• uone-too-gkwing national rat- 

*^Jeff Bmgaman'k joined a* 

• the hip with Bill Clinton, 
McMfflra. a multimilli onaire 
rancher businessman and asas- 

.'Intsecretary of defense m the 

Bush administration, tow 

crowds as: he campaigwd 
(ta0ugb rural New 

/xSotbo 1 Western ‘Rcpuh^ 

- Cans, Mr. McMillan altemptsto 

Eseihe anti-Clint<m seniummi 

m Sc the anti-Washington 
fire that always bums just be- 
neath' the surface Jong the 

slopes of the.Rocky Mountains. 


on a Hoenscjolate holder at a 
“War on the West” forum spon- 
sored by Mr. McMfllan in Sil- 
ver City,. Mr. Bingaman’s 
hometown, , ,• • 

“God, Guns,. Guts Made 
America Let's Keep All J,”. it 
read. 

Echoes of the “sagebrush re- 
bellion” that raged throiffih'the 
nirtimtflin and desert .West in 
the late 1970s cam also be heard 

in other states where close 
House and Senate contests 
could determine whether Re- 
publicans take control of the 
Senate and elective control of 
the House through coalition 
with conservative Deanoorats. 

Partly because of- Mr. Clin- 
ton, Democratio-hdd Senate 
seats are in varying degrees of 
jeopardy in-Arizona and Neva- 
da as wdl as NewMorico. Two 
of the Dentocral^ three-best 
chances to pick up . GOE-hdd 
seats — Wyoming, and Mon- 
tana — appear to hinge in large 
part cm whether Republicans 
can exploit the president’s 
weakness®. 

Xn Wyoming, the prospects of 
the pc® ular Democratic gover- 
nor, Make Sullivan, me dimmed 
by. ids association with Mr. 
Clinton, and Mr. Sliffivan is 
putting , some space be- 
tween himself arid his old 

Butin the view of some Wtest- 
em Demodrals, & 


Western states are increas- 
in^y urbanized and responsive 
to urban issues, including envi- 
ronmental protection. 

One in three New Mexico 
voters lives in Albuquerque, 


Mr. Bingaman, 50, speaks to 
this new West Serious-minded, 
reserved and low-key to apoliti- 
cal fault, he loves to talk about 
defense conversion and dual- 
use technologies, vital to the 
state’s Sandia and Los Alamos 
national laboratories, bat rath- 
er wonky for most cowboys. 


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Page 4 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 2, 1994 


As Pressure Mounts, Haiti Junta Declares State of Siege 


Complied ty Our Staff Fran Disp&cha 

WASHINGTON — The United States kept 
up the pressure on Haiti's military rulers Mon- 
day, saying they must give up power soon or face 
involuntary ouster. 

But the Haitian military leaders remained de- 
fiant. Haiti’s provisional president declared a 
state of siege on Monday, suspending some civil 
nghts, and proclaimed that “the battle of Haiti is 
under way. 

Washington maintained a tough stance a day 
after the UN Security Council essentially gave 
the United States a go-ahead to oust Haiti's junta 
and restore to power the exiled president, the 
Reverend Jean-Bcrtrand Aristide. 

The Security Council voted, 12 to 0, with 
China and Brazil abstaining, to authorize the use 
erf “all necessary means'* by a U.S.-led multina- 
tional force to remove Haiti's military govern- 
ment if Internationa] sanctions fad. 

The White House spokeswoman. Dee Dee 
Myers, said Haiti's rulers '‘need to decide what 
they're going to do soon.” 


Madeleine K. Albright, the U.S. envoy to the 
United Nations, said Haiti's military rulers could 
leave “voluntarily and soon or involuntarily and 
soon.” 

Sre would not define “soon.” but there was no 
indication that a U.S. invasion was imminent. 

“We have not set a deadline because we be- 
lieve they are now going to have to get this 
message,” she said. “We have not said what 
‘soon* is specifically because we want the pres- 
sure here to work.” 

The U.S. position is that Haiti's military lead- 
er, General Raoul Cedras, his deputy. General 
Philippe Biamby, and the police chief of Port-au- 
Prince, Colonel Michel Francis, who led the 
coup that overthrew Father Aristide in Septem- 
ber 1991. must resign or leave the country. 

Father Aristide, a Roman Catholic priest, is 
Haiti's first popularly elected president, but he 
was overthrown after only seven months in of- 
fice. He has since lived in exile. 

In Haiti, Emile Jonassaint, 81 , the chief justice 


of the Haitian Supreme Court who was installed 
as president in May by a minority group of army- 
backed lawmakers, read a speech at 3 AM 
announcing the state of emergency. 


AM. — “the only time that the de facto govern- 
ment apparently can stomach the courage to 
SS the qtiret 


address the citizens of Haiti** was by its very 

(Reuters, AP) 


nature illegal. 


He gave no details of what the state of siege 
entailed but said Haiti was ready to fight. 

Radio stations said that, under the declara- 
tion, all civil power is transferred to the military. 
Meetings can be dispersed, media outlets can be 
closed, searches can be carried out without war- 
rants and a curfew can be imposed- The military 
government did not say which of the moves it 
might take. 


■ Action StxD Weeks Away ; 

Despite the UN Security CotmriTs . authoriza- 
tion of an invasion to oust Haiti's military niters, 
a decision on U.5. military action there is still 
weeks away. The New York Times reported from 
Washington, quoting administration officials on 
Monday. 


A presidential aide, Cad Denis, said Monday 


“To those who are preparing to invade. 


lay, 

the 


Haitian people declare that they will fight than 
in the cities and in die countryside, they will fight 
them in the shades and in the palaces, they will 
fight them day and night.” 


Hie White House had hoped that UN en- 
dorsement of the use of force would give credibil- 
ity to American threats, which Haitian military 
leaders have appeared to belittle. Some US.' 
offic ial s say a combination of tighter economic 
sanctions and strong international resolve may 
still force the leaders to quit 


The State Department spokesman, Mike 
McCurry, said the siege declaration, made at 3 


But Am erican intelligence analysts predict, 
that the Haitian military wSI try to bluff the 
United States right to the end. 


Rwanda Provides 
A Lesson for France 

Paris, Too, May Begin to Shy 
From Danger of Intervention 


By Joseph Fitchett 

Intermmtmal Herald Tribune 
PARIS — Even the French, 
officials say, are learning the 
lesson of Rwanda: Military 
force is hard to use these days to 
resolve local conflicts ana im- 
pose sensible solutions in un- 
derdeveloped nations. 


France s intervention in the 


NEWS ANALYSIS 


last stages of the genoddal 
fighting there is now acclaimed, 
and even grudgingly admired as 
French aplomb in wielding 
power in Africa. 

But the episode has exposed 
France to rides of the sort that 
make other Western govern- 
ments shy from military inter- 
vention and instead wait for a 
cease-fire, then show concern 
with humanitarian relief. 

Even if momentarily vindi- 
cated in Rwanda, Fiance — Eu- 
rope’s most activist nation on 


intervention — is unlikely to 
change Western reluctance to 
inject armed forces into Bosnia 
and similar conflicts. 

In Africa, too, French offi- 
cials are increasingly frustrated 
by tlte difficulties of producing 
durable political pluralism and 
economic viability. 

“This episode may help con- 
vince France to start selectively 
rfisamg agin g from Africa," a 
U.S. policymaker said 

Certainly France has no in- 
tention of abandoning its tradi- 
tional sphere of interest, but a 
hint of change was the decision 
by France in January to devalue 
the CFA franc, a symbol of the 
postimperial contract with 
French-speaking former colo- 
nies. 

That decision, disconcerting 
to many foreign-policy stal- 
warts, was imposed by econom- 
ics-minded Prime Minister 
Edouard Balladur. 

The trend could accelerate if 



' • -v -»v, • r - 

IMka/RoM 

A boy pushing a wheelbarrow past a destroyed bmkfing in central Kigali on Monday as Rwandans returned to the city. 


Paris Court Makes It 
%e Hot Summer’ for 
The Language Police 


‘ ituemaaonai Herald Tribune 
. PARES — BxHbpanls and 
radios across Paris seemed 
to burst into English follow- 
ing. 'a court decision this 
• weekend throwing out the 
bant of a law banning for- 
eign phrases. 

On Monday, kiosqaes in 
the capital's streets touted 
“the hottest guide to sum- 
mer Paris,** white radio DJ*s 
could be heard raving about 
“fe progressive rock of Pink 
-Floyd in concert in Chantil- 
ly." 

• Parisians concluded, of- 
ten pungeatly, that the latest 
governmental bid to legis- 
late the way French people 
talk was a mess and proba- 
bly dead, a victim of the ridi- 
cpte and common sense that 
have kilted similar crusades. 
- Citing the Chart er of the 
■Rights of Man in 1789, the 
judtdal r uling s by the Cbur 

. rvmcti t m irtrme lle, France's 
. equivalent of the Supreme 
Court, ruled that key pas- 
sages of the law violated tire 
fundamental freedom, of 
people to communicate in 
any way they wished. 

It also upheld the govern- 
ment's right to enforce 
French as & country's offi- 
cial language and obfage civil 
servants to use French in 

t bBT ' frfBdal duties . 


The effect, a newsp ap er 
said, is that, “French people 
will speak French, officials 
will speak official French.” 
But most commentators 
concluded that the latest 
complication will the 

law virtually unenforceable. 

Similar contusions about 
the chances of the anti-Eng- 


lish crusade had already 
been reached by most 
French media. Those bifl- 
boards, mocking-sounding 
. Monday after the verdict, 
actuary were nearly identi- 
cal to dozens of othe rs post- 
ed in Paris all summer. 

The court ruling amounts 
to a knuckle-rap for Prime 
Minist er Edouard BaBaduris 
center-right government, 
and particularly for Culture 
Minis ter Jacques Toubon, 
the. bill's .sponsor. 

Mr. Toubon, dubbed 
“Mt Allgood" by Paris me- 
dia eager to tease him with 
the English translation of 
- the pronunciation of . his 
twfiw, took the verdict with 
a stiff upper Zip, saying he 
was gratified to see the court 
recognize his authority to 
p rmi<h at least some offend- 
ers for using the wrong lan- 
guage. 

Generally viewed as a re- 
markably sober minister, 
Mr. Toubon has often 

uncomfortable with 

the bill's primitive cultural 
protectionism and the inter- 
national derision it engen- 
dered. 

' In contrast. Jack Lang, his 
So cialis t predecessor and 
now a potential presidential 
candidate for his dwindling 
party, attacked the court de- 
cision as a capitulation to 
freo-market ideas. 

It remained undear what 
would become of stacks erf 
government-compiled dic- 
tionaries offering French 
circumlocutions for English 
terms in international use in 
co mm erce, science and show 
business. • 

— JOSEPH FITCHETT 


t 


Mr. Balladur becomes presi- 
dent next year. Genuflecting to 
rampwign ritual he has just 
completed his first African trip, 
bot it is no secret that he offered 
support to the Rwandan 


gamble 
Fr 


taken by President 
Mitterrand and For- 


no 


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CARDACCT.NO. 


Francois Mitterrand and 

eign Minis ter Alain Juppg. 

But the panache of interven- 
tion is quite a different thing 
from the months of hard diplo- 
matic slogging that France in- 
vested trying to promote pow- 
er-sharing in Rwanda. 

“Never again?** a French 
policymaker said. 

Now that the French lead has 
been followed in Rwanda, offi- 
cials in Paris savor the moment, 
taking straight-faced digs at 
Washington’s “TV-driven for- 
eign policy,” and launching 
barbs at Britain's rush to send 
troops once there was a US. 
lead to follow. 

But French leaders are un- 
Iflcely to forget their chill isola- 
tion over Rwanda, which they 
saw as, in one official's words, 
“the most clear-cut case of 
genocide since World War U.” 
Rwanda was small enough for 
crisis management, the new- 
fangled gunboat diplomacy 
that was supposed to maintain 
international standards in a 
sole-superpower age. 

Convinced it could be an im- 
portant precedent, but reluc- 


tant to venture alone into a 
country where France has a po- 
litically comprom is ed past, Mr. 
Mitterrand appealed for help 
from the other leaders at the 
Group of Seven summit meet- 
ing in Italy last month. 

The only response was a sug- 
gestion by the meeting’s host. 
Prime Minister Silvio Bedus- 
conl of forming an internation- 
al rescoe brigade to rush to di- 
saster-stricken areas, perhaps 
thereby dissipating suspicions 
that rich countries ignored poor 
countries without oiL 

This paralysis is a measure of 
how far the European Union 
has slipped below even the 
modest goals set in the Maas- 
tricht treaty three years ago. 
The EU has institutional sys- 
tems for militaiy cooperation; 
if h had mounted an expedition. 
African governments would 
have followed. 

Instead, nothing happened 
— the opposite of preventive 
diplomacy and criss manage- 
ment, winch imply forceful in- 
tervention early enough in a 
conflict to make a d if fere n ce. 

In Rwanda, France's leaders 
hoped to make this point by 


IRAN: Persecution of Christians 


cease-fire tor winch the interna- 
tional community was waiting. 
Indeed, French troops got there 
before the butchery was fin- 
ished. 

But even in the aftermath, no 
Western nation seems to regret 
the failure to intervene sooner. 
In fact, the idea of using force, 
however well-intended and 
carefully calibrated, seems to be 
falling into deepening distrust 

In practice, crisis . manage- 
ment seems to hn mainmr - 
ian relief. The Clinton, adminis- 
tration, with proper pride, 
stresses that omy the united 
States has the capability to han- 
dle a task Of SOCh wwgnfaiHa 

But this relief-centered ethos 
seems to have disrupted an un- 
derstanding between France 
and the United States that had 
pi templed or cot short past cri- 
ses in Africa. 

Washington regularly used to 
provide the cargo planes that 
France needed, for ferrying 
troops and supplies, but this 
time the French had to use Ilyu- 
shin transport planes leased 
from Russia. Pans Felt it could 
not afford to pay the price 
Washington was asking. 


Confined from Page 1 
tistics. The Baha'is have seen 
over 200 of their followers exe- 
cuted simte the revolution, ac- 


Tens of thousands ofChns- 
tians, as wdl as Jews and Ba- 
ha'is, have fled Eras in the last 
15 years. 

Armenians, who have largely 
avoided contact with the evan- 
gelical groups arid bold tear 
dunch services , in Ar menian, 
have come under less pr es sure 
than the some dozen evangeli- 
cal denomin ations that preach 
in Persian. 


The Assemblies of God 
church, which has 8^XX> mem- 
bers in Iran and is headquar- 
tered is Springfield, Missouri, 
is die most active in the evan- 
gelical movement and is die 
main taigef of the crackdown. 

“A lot of young Iranians, em- 
bittered by the austerity and 
control imposed by the Islamic 
clerics, see conversion as one of 
the most potent fonns of pro- 
test,” an Assemblies of God 

i wnrnamn sairt m 1m rh imrfr hi 

Tehran on July 24. 

Church leaders say Iranian 


officials forced them a few days 
ago to ask a delegation of West- 
ern clergymen not to come to 
Iran to investigate the deaths of 
the Christian, leaders. The dele- 
gation had been invited by the 
gomeauacaxL. * 

One of those .killed was 
Mehdi Ditag. an Assemblies of 
God leader who was impris- 
oned for nine years and sen- 
tenced to death for apostasy. 
He was freed in January but 
disappeared in June. On July 3, 
the police delivered his m milai - 
cdbody tohisfamfly. 

Another was Bishop HaBc 
Hovsqnan Mehr, head of the 
Evangelical Council erf Pastors 
m Iran, who had campaigned 
relentlessly for Mr. Dibaj's re- 
tease from prison. 

He disappeared three days 
after Mr. Dibaj was freed, and, 
11 days later his body, covered 
with stab wounds, was turned 
over to his family. 

On June 29, the Reverend 
Tatavous MikaeUan, a promi- 
nent Presbyterian minister who 
succeeded the bishop as bead of 
the council, disappeared. His 
ballet-riddled corpse was 
tinned over to his son on July 2- 


F 


RWANDA? Senior UN Official Calls for Caution on Return of Refugees .CIXJJ: 

Standing Stitt 


Continued from Page I 

refugee who volunteered to go 
back to Rwanda. 

But her more cautious stand 
seemed to undercut somewhat 
the more aggressive statements 
of UN officials here who say the 
refugees should be actively en- 
couraged to go back. 

Some officials hoe privately 
expressed surprise that Mis. 
Ogata did not comedown more 
forcefully on the question of 
repatriating the refugees. 

The refugees are predomi- 


nantly Hutu who fted to Gama 
last month in the face of a rapid 
advance by the Tutsi-dominat- 
ed Patriotic Front army, which 
seized most of the country, 
pushed the government into ex- 
ile and set up its own provisionr- 
al administration. 


that the Ttitsi army now in 
charge is committing atrocities 
against Hutn. The United Na- 
tions has said it has received no 
reports of ill treatment erf any 
returnees. 


The Patriotic Front has said 
it wanted a broad-based gov- 
ernment — it named Hutn as 
president and prime minister — 
and has invited the Hutn to 


return. But inside the sprawling 
refugee camps, word has spread 


■ Perry Sees Signs of Hope 
The international effort to 
aid Rwanda's refugees has 
“turned the comer” on the suf- 
fering, but more must be done 
to prevent the spread of disease, 
Defense Secretary W flfiam J. 
Perry said Monday, The Asso- 


ciated Press reported from 
Washington. 

Mr. Ferry, speaking after his 
return from Rwanda, said the 
situation was “much more 
bopefoL" ■ 

lit Geneva, meanwhile, Um- 
cef said Monday that the num- 
ber of- deaths in the refugee 
camps in eastern Zaire had 
reached at least 50,000 over the 
last two weeks. The figure is 
more than. twice previous esti- 
mates. Most of the deaths were 
caused by cholera, ’ 


- C ontinued from Page ! 

tion on the indecisive economic 

pofides of Prime Minister Ni- 

^. 1 .. . 


edae Yacaroru, whose minority 
' ' * tittle 


gove rnment has shown 
zest for pushing ahead with a 
free-market economic policy. 

• One cause of the discontent 
hone was the final collapse in jk 
of a pyramid scheme that ■ 


» • 

3 

;V 


turned Qaj into a national 
hub of feverish i 


CHINA: Domestic Stock Marltets Halve Issues After Government Steps In 


EXP. DATE. 


.SGNATU8E. 


FOR BUSINESS ORDERS, PlEASE INDICATE YOUR Iffil NUMBBfc 


(Iff VAT number: FR74732021 1261) 

□ Mr.D Mr □ Miss FAMILY NAME. 


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CHY/00DE 
COUNTRC- 
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FAX_ 



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® Tj^soflerepfres August 31, 1994, arid is ma&bklo nets subsatixrs oily. 0 

OTEHMflOtOLl 


n 


Continued from Page I 

cause it was worried about social stability 
and a loss of face.” 

Beijing's bid to fight high inflation and 
rein in a runaway economy have sent stock 
market speculators to the sidelines and 
prompted a rush of new stock issues by 
companies unable to find financing else- 
where as banks clamp down on credit. 

Waning demand and excess supply have 
driven load markets down despite encour- 
aging signs that China will be able to 
engineer a “soft landing" for its hard to 
control economy. 

“There are too many A shares on the 
market,” Iiu Hongxu, China’s chief securi- 


ties regulator, told Agence France- Presse 
in Beijing on Monday, noting that a total 
of 271 companies had been listed since the 
markets in Shanghai and Shenzhen opened 
in 1990 and 1991. 

“The new measures haw given a boost 
to the market and should stabilize die 
market in the craning weeks," Mr. Lin said. 
But he acknowledged, “We stffli have to 
actually implement the measures.” 

Uncertainty about the pace of expan- 
sion in the B share market, which Mr. Liu 
predicted would soon triple in size, and th& 
precise rate foreign fund managers would 
play in the A dire mazkel, as was fore- 
shadowed last week, lingered- 


t “I wish we could let foreigners' trade A 
shares from tomorrow, but realistically 
these things take time," said Gao Xiqmg. 


Commission’s new issue department. 

“We’re not simply going to open the 
door and let evemme in at once,” Mr. Gao 
told Bloomberg Business News in Bdpng. 

But with many of the A share companies 

refusing to comply with finanaalSscio- 

Cnrp rami ■ ■ ji . „ 


sure requirements, limited research avail- 


y — — — - w wuvernoMny or 

the yuan preventing an easy exit for poten- 
tial foreign investors, there may not be 
much of a rush at first. 


. wheeling and 

dealing last fall and helped fi- 
nance the ultranationalist party 
led by Mayra Gheorghe Funar. 

Now, Mr. Funar. and his par- 
ty have whipped up Romanian 
sentiment against (be bronze, 
bigger-than-Ufe equestrian stat- 
ue of King Matthias of Hunga- 
ry in Cluj’s central Unity 
Square. They want to remove 
tlte statue so archafiologjsts can 
dig up Roman rains they dahn 
will prove that today’s Roma- 
nians are the descendants of the 
ancient Romans mid thus the 
rightful heire to the city. 

But three weds ago, the 

Ministry of Culture ordered ex- 
cavation equi pment removed 
until scholars can assess wbeth- 
er the site has any importance. 


TRIADS: A One-Time Street Urchin Is Stirring Things Upin Hong Kong 

Continued from Page 1 kflling hundreds of people who and sOMl notes, the m^azine’s destroyed my comoutera tw 

:d to sell mv rlnfh« mv werc demanding democracy grcmd-breaking-exposfe have attacked my store?” ' ^ 
S and protesting corruption. Mr. etched it dearly oftE local _ 


dano’s from an Italian ratui- ^ ^ied on tdeviaon, nev^ 
_ a moving from the images on 


“ , . r a "T™ uniw 

etched it clearly on' the local 
score. 


rant in New York to 
camouflage the Hoag Kong 
brand. The company took off 
after 1986, when he hired pro- 


his screen. 

“There was no way bade,” he 
said. “I realized those guys had 
been closed off from the world 


been closed off from the world 
for 40 years. They had no infor- 
matiomAnd I realized inform- 


Asia and 5350 million in animal 
sales. 

“But I was bored by retail," 
he said. 

Thai, on June 4, 1989, Chi- 
nese troops and tanks roared 
gh the streets of Beijing, 


through 


tion is the biggest business/ 
Since Next Magazine's i 
tion three years ago, its cLw— 
tion has soared to 180,000, the 
highest in Hong Kong. And 
while there are pages and pages 
of fashion, news of movie stars. 


cumented the way in which the 
Hong Kong gangs have insinu- 
ated themselves into the colo- 
ny's* life, controlling minibus 
concessions, extortion rackets, 
ami caD-gid rings. 

“They threw a Molotov in my 
house a couple of weeks ago” 
he said, laughing. “It exploded 
in the yard. They came in and 
destroyed my office; so now we 
have tins security hoe. They 


J 1 vay power- 

ful, no doubt* he said. “But if 
they threaten me. 
kill me. If they ware 

they won’t threaten 

Then be took on i 


wuu. BUI u 

Mr. Lai's reporters have do- “TMten me, they- won't 

■ tfcg all me. If they want to kill mt 

(nw mrn’t 


me.’ 

the Chinese 

goraajjent, reporting how 
about $9 mjffion collected in 
_opgKong for poor children in 


°yer the government of Hong 
Kongfrom Bntam in 1997, 
cessful businessmen here are 
more inclined to curry its favor. 


ButMr. lai bdievestbatfherc. 
is utile point in ca^udhtingjq 
e ffort s at rndniM^wii/ • 

“Tire next threeyearSrwffl.be 
very exciting, exdtuu tn & post- 
tive sense and Sut tt'i 
frightening sense,” he\Sd. 
China, there is no. trust left v 
That is .the greatest disaster. 
Communism h» $ ftehfriri in- .. 
Qriaere culture. Ttertfs HO •' 
shame there. There*sndsenS5<rf 
^is right; only pf > 

ooable. There has been a total 
c °nuption <rf the ^morid ^ ■ 
JNttJLai saysbeptos sttg( 
after <^na takes over. . 

“Those Commies arc fadn®_ 
voy fast,” he said. “They be- 
Jte8 to tee pa^L t Brink .we are. 










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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 2, ^99^ 


Page 5 


•: * 



’ .•*!'• . : '- 


•* v‘ 

**'? ' .*1* "J 


r'- c ‘ ji 


e«i - 

'’J* .. 

4' 



SoviM Kirittkar/RniMn 


AIRING THEIR VIEWS — Taxi drivers fii Bombay, in a protest Monday against 
other drivers using their scarce 


Muslim Revival Blossoms in Shaky Iraq 

_ . . uxiiiaa mAlla. UlOfla 9 “hftlv Ilf 9 r" SDlinCt tHf “infi 


By Caryle Murphy 

W&Sfongui" FnU Service 

BAGHDAD — Deteriorating economic conditions 
and anxiety about the future are leading increasing 
numbers of Iraqis back to ihetr Muslim faith. Mosque 

attendance has risen, more women are covering their 
hair in public, and Islamic rituals are being more 
strictly observed, many Iraqis said. 

This revival comes in a nation where, unlike its Gulf 


Mghbars,"ibe ruling party embraces a secular philoso- 
phy and the government fia 


pay «uu u* jas long held liberal views on 

alcohol, music and the dress and societal role or 

women; .... 

•This past Ramadan everyone in Iraq was fasting, 
said a nuSe-class Baghdad woman, referring to die 
Muslim holy month. “We even did inhere in this 
family, and we hadn't done that before. 

Asked why, die replied: “To feel good about our- 
selves." 

“We must return to God," said an elderly man who 


helped generate Islamic political opposition move- 
ments in such countries as Egypt and Algeria. 

In an indication Iraq is not immune to such move- 
ments, the Babfl newspaper recnUy rea 

plaining about the appearance in Iraq of a \Vahhabist 

movement" backed by Saudi .Arabia. Theuliraconser* 
vative Wahhabi sect of Sunni Islam is predominant m 

The letter accused the group of “trying to instigate 
seditions, confusion and disturbances in mosques 
and promoting “their heresies" m theological colleges. 
It also complained that “the party and security organs 
do not seem to be aware or the group s activities. 

Two specialists on Islamic groups, a Jordanian and 
an Iraqi, said Wahhabi groups had been active m 
Iraq’s predominantly Sunni Muslim a ties of Mosul 


wage a “holy war" against the “infidel" troops who 
arrived in Saudi Arabia to free occupied Kuwait. His 
government also sponsored numerous “Islamic con- 
ferences" criticizing Western policies. 

Frequently shown praying on television. Mr. Sad- 
dam also had an official version of his family tree 


UJU IIUU liU ft AWtftbU w ~ 

drawn showing his purported descent from the rroph- 
ifaammed. and during his birthday celebrations 



™ the people think, ,k O.K_ we are sorry 
must return to God. We must not steal, not drink 


alcohol.”* 

Most Iraqis say this resurgence of personal piety is a 
response to psychological and economic pressures and 
has no political significance. Still, such revivals have 


OU w amaui- . , . .. . 

Although these groups do noi have a wide Following, 
“the government is worried about them. 

The revival also has the potential to enfeeble the 
appeal of the secular, Arab nationalist philosophy ol 
the governing Arab Ba’ath Socialist Party. 

Indeed, the increasing attraction of Islam as a medi- 
um for politics has been noticed by the party s leader. 
President Saddam Hussein. 

For some years, Mr. Saddam has employed Islamic 
symbols to legitimize his rule even as he persecuted 
Iraq’s large Shiite Muslim population. During the 
1991 Gulf aisis, Mr. Saddam appealed to Muslims to 


et Mohammed. 9 — - 

last year, troops marched in a parade formauon that 
spelled oui the words “God Is Great!" 

In recent weeks, the government appears to have 
stepped up attempts to respond to religious senti- 
ments. It decreed an Islamic punishment, amputation 
of a hand or foot, for repeal car thieves and currency 
violators; banned public consumption of alcohol, and 
closed discos and bars. 

An Iraqi newspaper reported that “religious aware- 
ness committees” in three provinces had cabled their 
thanks to Mr. Saddam for deciding to “cancel horse 
racing and gambling and to build the Grand State 
Mosque instead." 

Some analysts believe that if Mr. Saddam were 
replaced by a government that permitted a measure of 
normal political activity, Islamic parties would play a 
si gnif icant- though not dominant, role in Iraqi politics, 
as they now do in some other Arab states. 

Under such circumstances, the Muslim Brother- 
hood would likely find a following among Iraq's Sun- 
nis, an Iraqi analyst said. 


ipcui Sought Ability 



Agence Fhutee-Pnate 

NEW DELHI — Indian 


■era paralyzed Parliament on 
ing that the « 


ition lawmak- 

day, dexnand- 

^ j government withdraw a report deny- 

‘jng -partial responsibility for a major bank 
■scanaaL 

; Members of both houses dispersed in a noisy 
•uproar for a fourth day without transacting any 
business as the government remained unmoved 
’by the demands and insisted on a debate, pro- 
longing a deadlock. 

Toe legislative crisis was sparked by a report 
made public a week ago detailing the govern- 
ment’s response to the findings of a bipartisan 
parliame ntary cnmrmtteethal investigated the 
S1.3 bilKon bank swindle: : ■ ; 

In die report. Prime Minister P. V. N arasr mha 
Rao’s government described as “unwarranted” 


and “unfair" findings that it had failed to detect 
and check India's biggest financial- scandal, 
which surfaced in 1992. 

As soon as Padiament sat Monday after a two- 
day weekend recess, angty opposition members 
d eman ded that the do cument be withdrawn. 

Vice President K. R. Narayanan’s insistence 
that a report presented in Parliament could not 
be withdrawn without a debate failed to restore 
ogrdec, and Mr. Narayanan, who is also speaker 
of the npper. house, called off the day’s 
proceedings. 


CompUtd byOvSaffFn** Dtoptach* 

TOKYO — Japan, seeking a 
strong diplomatic card, secretly 
decided in 1969 to ensure it had 
the finan cial and technical po- 
tential to make nudear arms 
without actually producing 
them, a Japanese daily reported 
Monday. 

The Mainichi Shimbun said 
the top-secret, 100-page For- 
eign Ministry report titled “Pre- 
requisites of Japan's Foreign 
Policy” stated that Tokyo 
should make sure it could pro- 


duce such weapons, if needed, 
no matter what foreign pres- 
sures were applied. 

“For the time being, we will 
adopt a policy of not possessing 
nudear arms," Mainichi quoted 
the report as saying. “But we 
will maintain the economic and 
technical potential of produc- 
ing nudear weapons." 

“At the same time, we must 
protect this from foreign inter- 
vention,” the report is quoted as 
saying about that potential. 

It also advocated education 


to persuade the people that the 
general policy on nuclear arms 
is based on international poli- 
tics and economics. 

The report was drafted in 
1969 by top ministry bureau- 
crats for internal use as a policy 
guideline. Mainichi said. 

A Foreign Ministry spokes- 
man acknowledged that the 
document in question existed 
but refused to comment on the 
contents. 

The 1969 report followed 
adoption the previous year of 


Japan’s three nonnuclear prin- 
ciples — a ban on the posses- 
sion, production or introduc- 
tion of such weapons. 

Every lime the Japanese gov- 
ernment came under suspidon 
of harboring nuclear weapons 
ambitions, it vehemently de- 
nied such intentions by quoting 
the parliamentary resolution. 

Anti-nuclear "activists were 
taken aback by the report- 
“From our viewpoint as 
atomic bomb victims, it is unbe- 
lievable," Yoshio Saito, 66. 


head of the Japan Confedera- 
tion of A- and H-Bomb Suffer- 
ers Organization, said. 

The report comes shortly af- 


ter statements on Japan’s nucle- 
offi rials led to 


ar policy by top 
outrage from pacifist groups. 

Many protested remarks that 
the then-foreign minister, Koji 
Kakizawa, made to Parliament 
two months ago. He said that 
the use of nuclear weapons can- 
not be considered a dear viola- 
tion of international law. 

(AP, Reuters] 


in the lower house, the pa r liamen ta ry affairs 
minister, Vidya Gharan Shukla, insisted that the 
• government be allowed to present its side, but he 
was drowned out by opposition members chant- 
ing, “Stop corruption” and “Punish the guilty. 


vrti «nns 


GOVERNMENT OF INDIA 


eighth round of bidding 


Car Crash Jolts Mexico Vote 


Injured Chiapas Candidate Thrust Center-Stage 


Invitation to Bid for Exploration 

for Oil & Natural Gas 


By Anth^y DePato V. 

New Yor k Time x Service 

. MEXICO QTY- ^ Doctors 
here say the.' qppotitiqn pmty 
candidate for. governor of the 
southern -state of- Chiapas, ■ 
Amado Avendano, has. a. good 
chance, of making a complete 
recovery from the injuries he 
suffered in a highway crash last 
week. _ a 

But as he has been catapulted 
to the center of Mexico’s turbu- 
lent pohticaldd»leamidaccu- 
sations that the crash w as a re - 
suit of an assassin at ion attempt, 
it is a safe bet that the 55-year- 
old candidate’shfe will sever be 
the same. r - -" ; - 

In Chiapas, where, tensions 
arc still simmering in an uneasy 
cease-fire between' the Mexican 
Army and the Zapatista Na- 
tional liberation Army, thou- 
sand s of people Irave demon- 


pevtn Zexfflto P aac&de. Le6n, 
tioor^ccnsed Mr. Avendano’s 
leftist Democratic Revtduticm- 
ary Party, or PRD. of trying to 
taV *-- pofitical advantage, <tf .the 
misfortune. . . . .. 

Mr. Avendano is consider^ 
the most irapoEtapt PRD candi- 

j... 1 - .L : — 4 


Ocampo in Mw .}993, , 
tini inpid^tinay never be satis- 1 
factorftY explained. 


date '.behind its . preadcutial 
r, Cua n h t fe m oc 


Before the crash, Mr. Avenr 
dano’s candidacy was consid- 
ered a long sbot. Despite the 
long-standing problems at the 
root pf the. insurrection, the 


As pair of the continuous roUnd-the-year bidding scheme for exploration a^meages, the 
GovCTnment of India announces the Eighth P.bund of Bidding for exploration in- India. 
Companies are invited to bid for the exploration blocks on offer. A total of 34 blocks are on 
offer, with 19 of them being onshore and 15 offshore. Companies may bid for one or more 
block, singly or in association with other companies. 


standard bearer, 

Cardenas.'-' 

. - ManyMciacans oulsidcChi- 
opas are bothered by what hap- 
pened to' Mr. Avendano be- 


govemrag party candidate, 
' Eduardo Rcfoledo, 


, was given a 

good chance of winning. 


cause tiicy fed. that,, like the 
assassmaliosL of the- governing 
party candidate, Luis DonaMo 
Colosio, in Much,- and Ak kflt- 
ihg of Carfmid’J^ J«^ 


Now, while the governing In- 1 
stimtional Revolutionary Party 
pnhlidy says itis not changi n g 
its strategy, party officials have 
privately expressed their con- 
cern about the boost Mr. Aven- 
dano’s campaign could receive 
from sympathy votes. 


strated in support of Mr. 

and to denounce 


Avendano — 

what they describe as govern- 
ment complicity in the crash- . . 

The rebel command said it 
had put its" troops on alert, md 
in a faxed statement, the rebel 
leader, known only as Subcom- 
mander Marcos, said : “The last 
hope for a just and nghtful 

peace in Chiapas Kes m the life 

of this man. Save him." 

Mr. Avendano was ugurea 
on July 25 when atraewr-trafler 
without license plates smashed 
into a campaign vdnete cany- 
ine the candidate and five other 
people. Three people were 

{rilled instantly. • #l ^ # 
The driver of the truck at firs t 
disappeared, but be ^arrest- 
ed in Mexico City last Friday. 
He said he had fled becrase be. 
was afraid, and 

bee that the candidate s vdiiae 
had swerved into hislane. _ 

Although government mv«r 

tigators have conch^ed the 
^j^s^feVd daughter 

sfc"=S 3 S 

rebel 

the counliy whea it opened an 

s-sssaasss 

credibility Menams hare m 
their own pditical syg”; ™ 

governing party candidate, Er- 


Master 
and 


Naipcdd’s 

: Aren* Frm*?*** . . 

lioon has resigned, 


f-ssrsasfS 

Monday. 



CONTRACT FEATURES 

Production-sharing contracts would be entered into by the Government of India and Oil and 
Natural Gas Corporation Limited or Oil India Limited with successful companies, with a 
number of attractive features, the more prominent of which are as follows : 
p "Die possibility of a seismic option in the Fust phase of the exploration penod 

□ No minimum expenditure commitment during the exploration period 

□ No signature or production bonus 
n No royalty payment 

□ Progressive fiscal regime with sharing of profit oil/profit gas being tied to the post-tax 
profitability of the venture for the companies 

p No ring fencing of blocks for corporate tax purposes 

O Provisions for encouraging the production and marketing of ps 
Q Purchase of company's share of oil at international market price 
p Provision for assignment 

□ Provision for international arbitration 


BID ITEMS 

Companies would be required to bid for : e 

a Profit oil and profit gas shares expected by the contractor at various levels of rate of 

return or multiples of investment recovered 

□ Percentage of annual production expected to be allocated towards cost recovery 

□ Total length of exploration period, number of phases in exploration penod and 
minimum work commitment in each of the phases 

INFORMATION AVAILABILITY 

A brochure giving details of the blocks offered, their geographical location on a map of India 
and the contract tenns will be made available free of cost to companies. 

To enable companies to assess the geological prospects of the blocks on offer, informal^ 
dockets and data packages are available on sale. Separate information dockets on each basin 
are available containing information on regional and local geology and the current status u 
exploratory activities in the blocks in each basin. The data packages contain seismic sections, 
gravity and magnetic anomaly maps, wireline logs and structure contour maps etc. and have 

been prepared for most of the blocks. ^ „„ 

Companies interested in inspection and purchase of information dockets and data packages 
and in obtaining further details regarding the offer may contact: 

Mr. R.N. Desai 
Head, EXCOM Group 
OR and Natural Gas Corporation Limited 

Upper Ground Floor, GAIL Building. 16 Bhikaiji Cama Place, New Delhi - HO 066, INDIA 
Telephone : 602703, 602351 Telex : 031-65184, 031-66262 Facsimile : 6882798, 3316413 


!B« / 


mm 


Bids should be submitted in sealed envelopes 
superscribed “Confidential" "Eighth Round of Bids (1994)" 
not later than 1500 hours 1ST on 30th December 1994, to : 

Joint Secretary (Exploration), Ministry ofPetroleum& Natural Gas ^ 

2nd Floor, Shastri Bhavan, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Marg, New Delhi-110 001, INDIA 


: * *• ' 


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EVE CATCHERS 







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■ ■ <■;••/ _•'. -j, X .v. 1 - •ifcii*; 




Page 6 


TUESDAY, AUGUST 2, 1994: 



OPINION 


INTERNATIONAL 


(tribune 


MKl.IMil-.ll WITH THh Nl-.tt UIKK TIMkS \\JI Till-. W.VSIIIMJTON R|ST 


China, Taiwan and Trade 


OddJy, the international organization 
that governs the rules of trade does not 
include two of the wotid’s biggest trading 
countries — China and Taiwan. It is a 
senous weakness In the trading system. 
Both countries want to join this organiza- 
tion, known as the Genera] Agreement on 
Tariffs and Trade, but negotiations have 
been dragging on for years. The precise 
terms of their admission will, as a practi- 
cal matter, be set by the United Stales. 

It is not only that China has become a 
trader on a very big scale, but its trade 
continues to grow extremely fast — and it 
is the only country among the big traders 
with that kind of growth. It is having an 
impact on other countries, particularly 
the United States. There are important 
advantages, not to China alone, in bring- 
ing it into the trading code. 

America wants assurances that a coun- 
try under a government still at least nom- 
inally Communist will not manipulate 
prices. It wants enforcement of the rules 
agains.1 China’s notorious piracy of pat- 
ents and copyrights. It wants guarantees of 
market access in a country that is currently 
selling almost four times as much in Amer- 
ica as American exporters sell there. But 
China is always a special case. 

It argues, for example, that it is a 
devejopmg country, which is certainly 
true if you measure it by average income. 


The United States replies that developing 
country’ status, with its provisions to as- 
sist exports and to shelter infant indus- 
tries, was not intended for a country 
whose exports have doubled in the past 
five years and are now worth more than 
$90 billion a year. In this respect, as in 
most others, China does not fit comfort- 
ably into the accustomed categories. 

As for Taiwan, the complexities are 
largely political, rooted in us endlessly 
tangled relationship with the bigger China, 
The Chinese of Beijing have saia that they 
do not object to Taiwan’s membership in 
GATT as long as Beijing gets there firsL 
Taiwan seems to be stuck at the door until 
China’s admission is worked oul 

As in all major trade issues, a lot more 
is at stake than trade. Wars have been 
started over the resistance of an inflexible 
trading system to the intrusion of rising 
economic powers; that was surely one of 
the causes of World War I. The phenome- 
nal growth of the Chinese economy is not 
merely an interesting economic case. It is 
turning into a test of the statesmanship of 
the rich countries, and particularly the 
United States. The American negotiating 
aims are decent and justified, but they 
need to be resolved promptly. Both Chi- 
nas need to be brought under the rules by 
which the rest of the world trades. 

— THE WASHINGTON POST. 


Iraq Sanctions Forever? 


Every two months, sanctions against 
Iraq are reviewed by the Security Coun- 
cil. Baghdad has begun scrupulously liv- 
ing up to its UN arms control obliga- 
tions. Thau according to the terms laid 
down by the United Nations, should enti- 
tle it to relief from the international em- 
bargo on its oil sales some time next 
spring. But the United States and Britain 
are refusing to acknowledge Saddam 
Hussein's compliance with the United 
Nations' stated terms for lifting sanc- 
tions. They insist that, other infractions, 
such as persecution of the Kurds, de- 
mand that Saddam continue to be pun- 
ished. In effect. Britain and the United 
States are changing the rules. 

Iraq paid a heavy price for defying Se- 
curity Council resolutions after it invaded 
Kuwait four years ago. An American-led 
coalition forcibly evicted its troops after 
pommeling its infrastructure. The United 
Nations imposed devastating economic 
sanctions, which remain in effect. 

Last November, after years of obstruc- 
tion. Baghdad abruptly began cooperating 
with UN arms inspectors. It is now close to 
meeting the Security Council's require- 
ment that it destroy its stocks of biological, 
chemical and nuclear weapons and accept 
long-term international monitoring. 

Rolf Ekeus. who heads the UN inspec- 
tion commission, recently reported that 
the destruction of prohibited weapons 
will be complete in a few more weeks and 
an effective monitoring system will be 
functioning by fall. Six months later, if all 
goes smoothly, the commission could de- 
clare that Iraq has met all its arras control 
obligations under the UN cease-fire reso- 
lution. According to the terms of that 
resolution, the Security Council would 
then be expected to lift the oil embargo. 

France, Russia and China, all perma- 
nent members of the Security Council, 
are eager to resume trading with Iraq. In 
the last review sessions, they wanted to 
acknowledge Iraq’s constructive behav- 
ior. while rightly demanding that it for- 
mally acknowledge Kuwait's sovereignty 


and borders before they vote to lift oil 
sanctions. The United States, along with 
Britain, opposed any acknowledgment of 
progress. The Clinton administration, 
which insists on retaining sanctions as 
long as Saddam remains in power, has 
been reduced to strained reinterpreta- 
tions of the cease-fire resolution’s clear 
language that Washington helped draft 
The administration’s position is misguid- 
ed, putting domestic political posturing 
.ahead of the problem of containing Iraq's 
military power most effectively. 

The resolution 's direct linkag e between 
arms control and oil sanctions is not 
simply a technicality. The main UN goal 
after the war with Iraq was to ensure 
dismantling of its weapons of mass de- 
struction. That required giving Iraq an 
incentive to cooperate. Sanctions require 
time to work, but also require clearly 
defined and limited goals. When de- 
signed to force specific actions, they can 
be quite effective. Indefinite, symbolic 
sanctions — punishing a regime" simply 
for being loathsome — tend to lose their 
meaning and effectiveness over time. 

Experts believe that UN monitoring 
can permanently deny Iraq mass-destruc- 
tion weapons. The "cash it earns from 
resumed oil sales would have to be used 
for other purposes, including reparations, 
UN administrative costs, humanitarian 
needs in Iraq and economic development. 

Saddam will be a bloody dictator and 
troublesome neighbor as long as he re- 
mains in power. But Washington has no 
serious plans to oust him, nor is there any 
obvious alternative. A military coup would 
not end repression- Civilian dissidents are 
divided. Fragmentation into Kurdish, 
Sunni and Shiite regions would invite 
Iranian, Turkish and Syrian meddling. 

Washington's most realistic policy in 
these circumstances is containment. The 
best instrument for that is UN arms mon- 
itoring, not endlessly prolonging sanc- 
tions that have nearly done their work 
and will soon lose their meaning. 

— THE SEW YORK TIMES. 


Other Comment 


A Global Policy on Genocide 

By upsetting the international equilib- 
rium, the collapse of the Soviet bloc liber- 
ated hatreds that had long been con- 
tained. Examples of “ethnic cleansing” 
and genocide are multiplying around the 
world. All the money ana admirable hu- 
manitarian dedication in the world will 
not stop this barbarity if the big powers 
cast an entire comment adrift It is up to 
the French people to demand that France 
bring its African policy out of the shad- 
ows, and that a means of preventing 
genocide be established, under suprana- 
tional authority. A global threat requires 
a global policy. The rescue of Africa 
demands this historic change. 

— Jean-Marie Domenach 
in La Manche Libre (Saint-Lb, France) 

What Threat Was Bernstein? 

The release of a 666-page Federal Bu- 
reau of Investigation file on Leonard 
Bernstein is instructive far more for what 
it tells Americans about the FBI than for 
what it reveals about the famed compos- 
er-conductor’s political activities. As 
with previous FBI dossiers on well- 
known figures that have been pried loose 


trom the bureau’s archives under the 
Freedom of Information Act, the Bern- 
stein file bulges with an indiscriminate 
and unevaluated accumulation of gossip, 
trivia and irrelevancies. piled up in stupe- 
fying detaiL It boggles the mind to con- 
sider how many taxpayer dollars and how 
many hours of work by skilled profes- 
sionals, spread over three decades, went 
into compiling this tedious record. 

Was the Republic made a whit safer by 
such obsessive compilation of hearsay 
and tale-canying? Can it be shown that 
Communist subversion was in a single 
instance thwarted by all the snooping 
done on so many of America’s most 
prominent literary, artistic and entertain- 
ment figures? Yes, there were Communist 
spies and subversives in the United 
States. But what threat exactly was it 
feared that Leonard Bernstein posed? Or 
John Cheever, Robert Frost, F. Scott 
Fitzgerald, William Faulkner. James 
Thurber, Gore Vidal or any of the count- 
less others on whom the interested gaze 
of J. Edgar Hoover and his colleagues 
fell? It would be nice to think that the 
FBI’s delay in giving up [the Bernstein 
file] was due to embarrassment over 
its ridiculous inanity. 

— Los Angeles Times. 



International Herald Tribune 
ESTABLISHED ISS7 

KATHARINE GRAHAM. ARTHUR OCHS SULZBERGER 
Qt-Chairtiwti 

RICH ARD McCLEAN. Puhluhtr A ChitJ Executive 
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• Walter wells, a*™ ■ Samuel abt, kathekine knorr -juj 

CHARLES MITCHELMORE. Depot}' Ethtnrs • CARL GEWRTZ. Xandate Editor 
• ROBERT!. DONAHUE Pages •JONATHAN GAGE. Businas and Finance EcEtnr 

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A Second American Chance to Do It Right in Africa 


W ASHINGTON — Four months af- 
ter leaving Somalia in disenchant- 
ment, American troops are back in .Africa 
helping care for Rwanda's refugees. Presi- 
dent Bill Clinton can make this second 
chance in Africa a small but significant 
policy success by staying focused on the 
humanitarian needs of the victims and 
keeping America’s intervention apolitical. 

“Apolitical” in this sense means more 
than not getting entangled on one side or 
the other in Rwanda’s tribal war. It also 
means the president’s aides remembering 
at all times that the problems they must 
address involve Rwanda's immediate 
needs, not those of improving the image 
of American foreign policy or of a presi- 
dent embattled at borne. 

A successful humanitarian mission in 
Rwanda can help with both, of course, 
but only as a by-product of an operation 
firmly rooted in helping the victims. 

The president's emergency request to 
Congress on Friday for a total of $500 
million in disaster relief for Rwanda re- 
presented a sound investment in a new 
American role abroad beyond the Cold 
War. It is underwritten by the skillful use 
thus far of the Pentagon’s resources and 
management capabilities to help Rwan- 
da’s stricken population. 


By JimHoagland 


A well-managed relief campaign in 
Rwanda would give a second wind to the 
concept of international humanitarian 
intervention, which was badly damaged 
by the bitter Somalia experience. For 
that to happen, no hidden agendas 
should distort the relief effort’s purpose. 

Rwanda offers Mr. Clinton an oppor- 
tunity to show that Somalia.was not the 
defining event it seemed last October 
when the president, concerned by the loss 
of 18 U.S. soldiers in one day’s fighting 
against the forces of General Moham- 
med Farrah Aidid, announced that he 
would pull U.S. troops out in March. 

The Somalia tragedy is only part of the 
stray of U.S. humanitarian intervention 
in recent years. America has shown in 
helping the victims of typhoons in Ban- 
gladesh and of other calamities elsewhere 
that the Pentagon is an effective force in 
battiiiig human disasters when it is given 
a strictly humanitarian mission. 

At the other end of the spectrum lies 
Operation Provide Comfort in northern 
Iraq. There an American-led Western co- . 
afition has protected the Kurds from Sad- 
dam Hussein for three years; showing that 


humanitarian and po&ticaL goals can be 
mixed, and advanced by. xmli taiy force — 
when thepolilical goals are dearly identi- 
fiaTand the military resources needed to 
accomplish those gotfb'are provided. 

- Somalia-went wrong when, the Clinton 
administration imposed much larger po- 
litical goals on the original humanitarian 
deployment of U.S. marises./The mili- 
tary resources that Mr. Clinton was will- 
ing to commit, fell far short of those 

of establishing Somalia as a democratic 
model for the continent 

Even the most ardent enlargers of de- 
mocracy in the Clinton administration 
harbor no such Elusions about tiny 
Rwanda. One of the appealing things 
about humanitarian intervention there is 
that no one is Hkety to suspect that Amer- 
ica has a vital interest or history to pro- 
tect by stationing troops there. 

When President George’ Bush ordered 
the marines into Somalia at the end of 
1992, European policymakers asked in 
private what his hidden agenda was, 
America must be malting a play for hid- 
den oil reserves, or for strategic position 
to dominate the Middle East, the Euro- 
pean left relatively charged. 

That distortion, of Mr. Bush’s inten- 


tions grew out of the Cold V^ar srereo- 
tvpe-of America using its power abroad 
omy for exploitation or self -interest. Bui 
Somalia showed the falsity of that stereo 
repe. The United States, did not in fact 
have a coherent strategy, or interest, to 
justify staying on in Somalia in the face 
of local opposition. The United Slate* 
had gone to Somalia to help. 

The Clinton administration was slow 
in responding to the developing tragedy 
in Rwanda. Still chastened by the Soma- 
lia debacle, it dragged its feet on moves at 
the United Nations to get peacekeepers in 
before the massacres started- A postmor- 
tem on U.R policy before disaster en- 
gulfed Rwanda will. eventually be useful. 

But much more urgent is helping the 
victims by offering large-scale humam- 
i gi-ian aid, as Mr. CEfiton has su^psied. 
The refugee in Zaire must be helped to 
return home safely and rapidly. 

Rwanda, in aB its horror, is a fresh 
rTiaftt* for humanitarian intervention and 
the Clinton administr ation's role in Afri- 
ca. In international politics there is rarely 
a second act, to paraphrase F. Scott Fitz- 
gerald on American - lives, Mr. Clinton is 
right to plunge into a second act in Africa, 
but with bis eyes wide open this time. 

The Washington JPatL 


The Claims About ’Asian’ Values Don’t Usually Bear Scrutiny 


H ONG KONG — Singapore 
(population 2.8 million) has 
some of the world’s harshest laws 
against sm oking and other “anti- 
social" activities such as (hewing 
gum. In Indonesia (population 
180 million), it was recently 
claimed that cultural factors 
would make it very hard to en- 
force any anti-smoking measures. 

M uhammad Budyatna of the 
University of Indonesia said the 
local culture expected people to 
be accommodative and indirect. 
To display empathy, to under' 
stand what others want or do not 


By Philip Bowing 


qua non. The desire u> be top of 
the class has been a powerful 
stimulus to excellence at home 
and competitiveness abroad. 

Yet it would be pushing the 
argument too bard to say that 
belief in educational excellence is 
so much stronger even in Taiwan 
than in Germany, or that its role 
in social mobility is so much 
greater in Japan than in the Unit- 
ed States. Among the best of East 
and West, motivation and expec- 
tations may not be the same, but 


It is absurd to say that modem concepts of electoral 
democracy are un- Asian. Those in pouter naturally 
bettem that the system which keeps them there is best. 


want." Most Eastern cultures were 
the same, he said, and offered a 
contrast to Western norms. 

Over in Singapore, barely a day 
passes without a minister pro- 
claiming the superiority of 
“Asian values” over those of the 
decadent West Reference is often 
made to discipline and the com- 
mitment U> group soda! values, 
the rights of the community over 
those of the individual 

These plus a commitment to 
family cohesion, education and- 
saving are said to explain the so; 
dal and economic progress made 
by Asia in the last 30 years. The 
lack or decay of such attributes in 
the West is seen as the cause of 
drug taking, pornography, divorce 
and violent crime, these ills in turn 
being exacerbated by a permissive 
attitude to law enforcement. 

But while some ills in the West 
are plain enough, are they West- 
ern? Do the “Asian values” exist, 
and are they reflected better by 
the Singaporean or the Indone- 
sian smoking anecdotes? 

It is certainly hard to quarrel 
with the role that education has 
played in Asian development. 
Particularly in East Asia and 
among those people who have 
combined a Ccnfucian heritage 
of belief in the dignity of learning 
with a non-Confudan belief in 
soda! mobility, learning directed 
to practical ends — in particular, 
engineering — has been the sine 


the value put on education may 
not be so differ enL 

As for motivation seen in the 
likes of South Korea and Hong 
Kong, it may have as much to do 
with threat in one case and mi- 
grant mentality in the other. 

In other parts of Asia the pic- 
ture is very mixed. The Philip- 
pines may have tittle in the way 
of excellence, but it does have a 
worthy achievement in basic lit- 
eracy. Likewise Indonesia, Ma- 
laysia and Thailand. In facC they 
have much better records than 
China, despite its aeons of Con- 
fudan civilization. Once ideolo- 
gy took precedence over learn- 
ing. Now it is money grabbing. 

As for India or Pakistan, they 
make Africa look like a center of 
literacy achievement. Pakistan is 
neck and neck with Mozambique 
(65 percent illiterate) at the bot- 
tom of the scale; India vies with 
Rwanda (50 percent), and China 
with Zambia and Kenya (27 per- 
cent). China and India, of course, 
both have islands of excellence. 
But commitment to education 
other than of a few? 

What then of social cohesion 
and group rather than individual 
values? Can one find Asian com- 
mon denominators and compare 
them with the West? 

The soda! strengths and weak- 
nesses of Norway are a world 
apart from Spain or the United 
States, which is regarded in Asia 


as the Western norm although in 
fact it represents the best and 
worst of me West 

Crime rates and safety in cities 
give very erratic readings east and 
west Japan’s order and seUndferi- 
pline grow out of the social fabric 
rather than being imposed from 
above. But disciplined and dy- 
namic South Korea has as much 
crime as an average big dty in 
Europe. Dynamic, homogeneous 
Thailand is a byword for often 
violent lawlessness. China be- 
comes more so by the day. 

In impoverished Indian dries 
the problem is disorganization 
and mayhem, not violent crime; 
Despite the diversity and lack of 
discipline, social cohesion exists 
most of the time. 

What then of the theory that 
Asia is group- rather than indi- 
vidual-oriented, and thus more 
inclined to put group interests be- 
fore selfish ones? 

It is easy to make a case for this 
in Japan and South Korea, where 
loyalties tend to transcend family 
as well as individual Postwar, 
Americanized Japan has known 
frequent changes of leader within 
a stable system. In Indonesia (two 
presidents in 43 years), the leader 
is on a pedestal but, as in Japan, 
tbe'notion of consensus rims deep. : 
Even the late, megalomania Presi- 
dent Sukarno had to admit: “I 
have made myself the meeting 
place of all trends and ideologies.” 

In the Chinese case, history al- 
most seems to consist of a battle 
between the corporatist needs of 
the state and the interests of the 
families who operate it. Dynastic 
politics is evident in “Commu- 
nist” China already, as in Singa- 
pore, despite official commitments 
to bureaucratic meritocracy. Simi- 
larly with the Koomintang inheri- 
tance in Taiwan, which won out 
until 1987, when lack of candi- 
dates and the pressure of 
ended the Sun Vat-sen and 1 
Kai-shek era. 

Rulers who crane to power in 
this manner can be effective in 
the same way as genuine mon- 
archs, placing the common inter- 
ests of state and society above 
sectional ones. But in much of 
dynamic Asia, claims to ethical 


Fudging the Whitewater Investigation 


W ASHINGTON — “Shut 
up!” hollered Representa- 
tive Maxine Waters, Democrat 
of California, at a Republican 
who dared ask embarrassing 
questions about White House 
intrusion into a criminal investi- 
gation. For her “demeanor” in 
thus obstructing congressional 
oversight, her speaking rights 
were suspended for aD of 30 
seconds by the speaker. 

The dismaying spectacle of 
House Democrats trying to pro- 
tect Clinton administration 
wrongdoers from public expo- 
sure was further heightened by 
“The Chorus Line”: 10 White 
House aides, all in a row, piously 
chorusing “no” to a Democrat 
asking if they were aD villains. 

Democrats last week demon- 
strated that they cannot investi- 
gate Democrats. If voters need- 
ed a reason to unseat the cover- 
up Congress, the performance 
of Henry Gonzalez’s trained 
seals provided that reason. 

Before our eyes is a pattern of 
20 improper contacts between 
supposed law enforcement offi- 
cials at Treasury and presidential 
advisers eager to avoid a serious 
investigation of their boss; if that 
is not as egregious breach of 
ethics, then nothing is unethical 
If the Clinton crony Roger 
Altman, who is deputy secretary 
of the Treasury, did not deceive 
Congress with his original un- 
truthful testimony about only 
(me contact, then nothing is 
misleading. 

Consider one tiny facet of 
the Whitewater cover-up found 
in the damning diary of Joshua 
Steiner, Treasury Secretary 
Lloyd Bcntsen’s chief of staff, 
forced into Lhe public record 


By 'William S afire 

despite the Democrats’ anti- 
oversight deal with noninde- 
pendent counsel. 

Mr. Altman was supervising 
the agency asking a reluctant 
Clinton-appointed prosecutor to 
look into the sleazy savings and 
loan deal benefiting the Clin- 
tons. After a New York Times 
editorialist telephoned, Mr. Alt- 
man — who lad been surrepti- 
tiously helping Mr. Clinton’s 
public and personal lawyers an- 
ticipate moves of the regulators 
— decided to recuse himself be- 
cause his conflict of interest was 
becoming all too obvious. 

As Mr. Altman, fearing expo- 
sure of his back c hannel, bailed 
out of the hot seat, George Ste- 
phanopoulos demanded to know 
why an anti-Clinton prosecutor 
had been chosen to investigate. 

At the time, I saw nothing 
wrong in George “blowing off 
steam,” as he put it, about the 
independent agency’s appoint- 
ment of a partisan prosecutor. 
“Perfectly natural,” in counsel 
Lloyd Cutler’s words. Besides, I 
like and respect the young man, 
and have nothing but scorn for 
Popinjay Jay Stephens, who, as 
U.S. attorney, stooped to using 
a demeaning sex lure to entrap 
the mayor of Washington. 

But now I read the text of the 
Steiner diary: “George then 
suggested to me that we needed 
to find a way to get rid of him. 
Persuaded George that firing 
[Mr. Stephens] would be in- 
credibly stupid and improper.” 

That has the ring of truth to 
it. “Find a way to get rid of 
him,” coating from the man 


whose West Wing office ad- 
joins the president’s, is not — 
as the laughable ethicist of the 
Clinton administration eupbe- 
mized it on Sunday — merely 
“expressing concern.” 

If a Republican White House 
aide said that about an un- 
friendly prosecutor, the remark 
would have been interpreted by 
many as an attempt to impede 
an investigation and might have 
triggered an editorial fire storm, 
congressional outrage, indict- 
ment, conviction and a jail term 
(followed by a lucrative CD- 
ROM memoir, talk show and 
senatorial nomination). 

Perhaps Mr. Steiner went be- 
fore a grand jury to disavow 
what he wrote. He would not 
confirm or disavow it to me; over 
to you. Republican senators. 

George, forthright as always, 
said, “I do not remember saying 
that,” and he will take that posi- 
tion before the Senate. / 

Evidently Robert Fiske, the 
Qintoa-appran ted . investigator, 
chose to disbelieve or ignore the 
Steiner diary entry, or was in- 
clined to impute an innocent is- . 
tent to the improper imperative. 

He cheerfully sees no evil. In 
the Vincent Foster case, no bul- 
let or skull fragments were 
found, but Mr. Fiske is certain 
that death took place at that 
spot; the eyewitness who dis- 
covered the body saw two hands 
palms-up with no gun, and now 
insists that he was badgered into 
allowing the possibility that he 
may love beat .mistaken. 

What’s with this nonindepen- 
deni counsel who helps Demo- 
crats avoid oversight? Fmd a 
way to get rid of him. 

The JVeiv York Times. 


superiority over the tawdiy vote- 
buying 1 implicit in democratic 
politics — claims that leaders 
put group interests before per- 
sonal ones, or national ones over 
individuals’ rights r~ arc ques- 
tionable. ■ • 

In China, Indonesia and Ma- 
laysia, just as. previously in the 
Philippines; grant of monopolies 
to family ana friends and “legal” 
purloining by well-placed indi- 
viduals of assets owned by the. 
gove r nment or in trust for certain, 
groups have become so common- 
place as to be scarcely worthy of 
attention, even when the losers 
are listed companies. 

This wealth distribution may 
have all kinds of useful functions 
in creating capitalist classes (al- 
beit rentier ones) where none ex- 
isted before. It may be a sign of .a 
dynamic and mobile economy, 
just as England - was probably 
never more corrupt than during 
tire 18th-century flowering of 
commerce, em pir e and intellect. 
But it is not the sort of behavior 
that warrants & datm to “values." 

East Asia hffi both some of the 
best (in Japan and South Korea) 
and some of the most vena) bu- 
reaucracies. There are lessons for 
other countries in the construc- 
tive but wary relationship be- 
tween bureaucracy and business. 
.On. the othex^haid,- the relative 
decline of the quality and influ- 
ence of the Thai bureaucracy 
shows how money can overwhelm 
institutions. Is that dynamism or 
social decay? 

It is one of the paradoxes of the 
“Asian values” talk that the eco- 
nomic achievements of the region 
have in fact been acconq>anied by 
— or even caused by — break- 
down of oM social strictures and 
value systems under theimpact of 
foreign, influence; be it overseas 
Chinese entrepreneurship, mass 
media or McDonalds. - 

Those who see straitlaced Sin- 
as the epitome of “Asian 
may not have stayed in 
anything less than a five star hotel 
in Japan; in most other hotels, 
porno movies are on tap. Or may 
not have wondered why the most 
dynamic areas of Asia, which at 
present include the cities of 
Guangdong, to give just one of 
many examples, exhibit levels of 
prostitution far ahead of any- 
thing in Europe, and drug pro- 
blems that are sriious even in 
countries with draconian penal- 
ties for possession. . .. 

In many countries, explicit sex 
may be kept off movie screens, but. 
mainstream print media' in coup- . 
tries like Malaysia are more direct 
about sex titan their U.S. counter- 
parts were until very recently. 

The family has so. far survived 
as the tinefapin of sotiety through- 
out the continent. It is a reason- 
able generalization that family sol- 
idarity Aria is much stronger than 
the average for the West • 

The relatively low incidence of 
divorce and single-parent fam- 
ilies may not reflect superior sex- 
ual morality, but it does have im- 
portant consequences for social 
stability and for finriting welfare 
demands on the state. Indeed, the 
strength of the family is some-- 
times at the expense of the jntcr- 


- ests of the state, which is often 
viewed — especially in China — 
with suspicion, to be avoided if it 
cannot be exploited. 

The emphasis on family or 
group obligations over individ- 
ual rights is real enough in Sin- 
gapore or South Korea, but it is a 
hoQowr claim in places where 
money-making is praised . above 
' all thought of the social or envi- 
ronmental impact on the nation 
or the family needs of workers. 
The welfarism of Scandinavia, so 
. derided in mudt of Asia, might he 
a better exanplar of the primacy 
of the perceived needs of sodety 
over the rights of the individual 
than much of Aria can offer. 

. With industrialization relatively 
new to most of Asia, the longer- 
: range social consequences nave 
yet to show themselves. These 
countries have yet to confront the 
problems, of an aging population, 
which will hit more suddenly than 
they did in Europe. 

Meanwhile, there is an unstop- 
pable trend to unitary families 
whoever there is enough money 
ft* each generation to be housed 
separately. Will family commit- 
ment in, say.Taiwan, prove much 
more effective than in Italy in 
protecting the old? 

East Asia has the opportunity 
to leant from the mistakes of old- 
/ er. industrialized -societies, but 
how much is yet to be seen. 

As for politics, it is as absurd to 
say that modem concepts of elec- 
toral democracy are un-Asian as to 
say that fascism is un-European. 

There is ho single mood in 
politics, any more than there is in 
economics. Those in power natu- 
rally believe that the system winch 
keeps them there is the best. 

In many countries in Asia there 
has been and remains great pres- 
sure to enlarge the system of rep- 
resentation, although the means 
may vary and common denomi- 
nators may be few. That explains 
perhaps why within Asia, even 
among those regarded in the West 
as most liberal and democratic, 
there is resentment at Western 
criticisms of their neighbors. 
Hence Thailand’s attitude toward 
Western human rights pressure 
on Burma, and South Korea's to- 
ward that on niina 
It is hot hard to see why any 
country would resent having its 
system, however inadequate, crit- 
icized by American congressmen 
or commentators. The words 
“Asian values” become simply a 
mantra to be chanted in the face 
of Western assumptions that 
CNN standards of television 
news are the global standard, or 
that the U.S. judicial process, as 
illustrated by the O. J. Simpson 
case among others, is the norm 
for open societies governed by 
the rule of law. 

It may be possible to identify a 
few values more prevalent in 
parts of Asia than m the West. 
And vice versa. The same applies 
to vices. But the simplistic labels 
“Western” and “Asian" usually 
obscure the specifics of each 
country and situation, enabling 
all rides tO Substitute. mor alizin g 
for morality and propaganda for 
principles. 

IntenatmaL Herald Tribune. 


m OUR PAGES: 100, 75 AND 50 YEARS AGO 


1894: Japan at War 

LONDON - — Japan has informed 
the Powers that a state of war 
exists between that country and 
China. This notification, on being 
received by Lord Kinjberiey, was 
at once telegraphed to every Brit- 
ish Government agent abroad, so 
that captains of mercantile ves- 
sels taking cargo may know that 
they do so at their own risk. 

1919r Irish Fam Strikes 

LONDON — A despatch from 
Dublin state that the Irish farm 
laborers* strike is having wide- 
spread and unexpected conse- 
quences. The approaches to the 
Dublin metropolitan cattle mar- 
ket one of the largest of its kind 
in the United Kingdom, were 
hdd by -strike pickets. The'pick- 
ets stopped sale in the market 
and caused the cattle to be driv- 
en home again. 


1944: Nazi Manhunt 

LONDON — [From our New 
York, edition;] German radios 
broadcast tonight {Aug/ 1] an of- 
fer of 1,000,000 mar k reward 
($400,000) for information lead- 
mg to the arrest of Dr. Karl rrie^ 
dricb Goerdeler, former Nazi 
price dictator and Leipzig Mayor 
wanted for complicity in the plot 
to kill Adolf Hitler. The .rcvela-.- 
boo ibat Goerdeler had escaped 
emphasized the possibility that 
many civ i lia n s as well as mili tary 
men might have gone under- 
ground after the plot failed. A 
rep ort em anating from the French 
™dsrground in. Algiers said that 
. General Otto von StnelpnageU 
ccmiaaD ding the German occupa- 
tion troops in France,- had com^ 
unttea smade on bang recalled as 
a suspect in the anti-Hitler plot (A 
Germar [broadcast July 25 report- 
cd that Stuetanagel bad been seri- 
ously nyured by “terrorists^) 







Up'jJt 


±>* liScT j 


INTERNATI ONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 2, 1994 

OPINION 


Page 7 



XY7ASHINGTON — When 
idesiaon pictures have 
cried for determined, pro-' 
active foreign policy .responses 
to end a conflict, sources have 
described a process by which. 
mini sters usually ensured 
there was an appearance of tau- ' 
deal response,- when in reality 
there was. no. strategic change 
to overall policy. 

In 1991, after die Golf War, 
television images from the 
mortmain quagmire of southern 
Turkey forced, allied govern- 
ments to mount Operation Pro- 
vide Comfort to save, die Kurds 
and hire them bopae to northern 
Iraq. Now the chairman of the 
Joint Chiefs of Staff, General 
John Sbahkashvifi, plans to re- 
peat his Kurdish success-in Op- 
eration Support Hope for 
Rwanda by establishing feeding 

stations. But, as with the Kurds, 
such actions forced by television 
mask dthera failure of policy, a 
lack-oLpoliticalwOLto domare 
or panic by policymakers who 
realize they can no longer keep 
to their preferred line of low- 

risk, kjW-COSt mfnimalitm 

“When there is a problem, 
and the policy has not been 
thought through, there is a 
knee-jerk reaction,” said Kofi 
Annan, undersecretary-general 
for UN peacekeeping, after his 
experiences marshaling UN 
peacekeeping efforts in the for- 
mer Yugoslavia. “They have to 
do something or face a public 
relations disaster.” 

There are also sodden mo- 
meats when policymakers and 
officials who nave taken a bso- 
lute policy stand to resist action 
become as shocked, humbled 
and emotionally troubled as the 
average viewer. “There is a fair 
determination to resist and Emit - 
the power of television,” said Sr 
Robin Ren wick, Britain's am- 
bassador to the United States. 
“But,” he added, recaffing pres- 
sure from his teeaage daugbter 
on Bosnia, “we are susceptible, 
and we hale horrras too.” 

Most policymakers openly 
curse television coverage, Minis- 
ters and officials do not. trust 
TV, which they say is overemo- - 
tional. It also forces tiaar agenda 
in directions they cannot coor\ 
trol and skews crisis manage- 1 
meat in ways hiked to predict. 

“Television is. often wrong,” 
said one senior . U-SL official. 
“We have to make sore we are 
right.” A senior Downing Street 
insider added; “Something most 
be done, but TV means we can 
do the wrong thing." 

Many diplomats befievc that . 
last year's brinkmanship inSa- 
rajevo in late July and cariy Acb : 
gust was exaggesmed hecanse of 
overzealous reporting by a swtri- 
len press corps. - - ’ 

Tne pressure led to NATXYs. 
preparations for air strikes. But 
m retrospect, diplomats say the 
TV coverage of lbesiege omitted 
crucial facts. “Air strikes' have 
been wound up by triewoon," r 
said one. “Sarajevo was not 
strangled; that’s an emotive 
phase,” complained a no ther . 

What is commonly caDcd the 
CNN factor is thertrfore unpre- 
dictable. “It is like waking up, 
with a big bruise, and you' don't 
know where it came from,'’ says 
Ride Inderfurih, ahexnate UJJ. 
representative at the UN. . ; 

Yet this fickle relationship 
still goes to the heart of gover- 
nance, especially bn-the few on- 


That Cry Out for Action 


By NikGowiiig 

This is the second if two ankles. 
expected occasions when TV 


tal win to least 
For acamtrfft. 


in April 1993. failed to move the 
UN Security CounriTs five per- 
mamcot raanbers to take action 
to save them. But TV images of 
the squalor and aear starvation 
undcamned their resistance. 

Now, in retrospect, those in- 
volved are- not convinced they 
acted so w»dy, “I did not know 
. that what we were creating was a 
trap,” said Diego Arria, the Ven- 
raodanambassador. 

A prime example of 
and effective'; pressure was the 
thousands ofphone calls ma d e 
to UJS. congressmen after the 
transmission of TV wwagw* of 
the bodies of US. soldiers killed 

-m Mftptfalm IjK f fl rtnlx T, 

- Normaltyy however, the citing 
of public qpxnian at critical mo- 
ments m foreign policymaking 
has tended tobea political con- 
venience. On coafopkx issues 
such as mounting air strikes in 
Bosnia, tite public is seen, for the 
most part as- ffl-ihfonned, un- 
critical and indifferent. With 
rare exceptions, as in the case of 
the dead sohEess in Mogadishu, 
mafl tn l is poiKtimms and law- ; 
makers about. Bosnia, Somalia 
or Rwanda Ins been mmhnaL 

Even horrific TV pictures of 
outrages- fike the Sarajevo mar- 
ket massacre in February barely 
shifted public opinion. They 
played a less critical role in the 
subsequent diplomatic progress 
than is commonly believed. 

On Feb. 5, for example, un- 
der .intense French pressure, 
other diplomatic and military 
factors had already been quiet- 


BefaindtiiePlotonffider 

- Regarding ‘yhe Resistance Is 
[Honied Rather Late in the 
Day" (Opinion, July 20) by Dm- 
aUL KobUtz, and “TheFate , of 
These Resistors Proved a Triage-" 
dyfor AJP* (Opinion, Jufy 21). by 
Thomas Fleming; . 

The sight. of, Germans com-, 
rriemcahting the failed attempt 
to kill Hitler by a disgruntled 
group of military officers under- 
scores the desperation in which 
Gerhranyseda to salvage some- 
thmg fKmorable out of the war, 
Gatainlyit is difficult to accept 
that yom^octtdand was Uncon- 
scionably evil, so the desire to 
find something to : ’hafl trium- 
phantly . half a century . later 
is mmeretasdaiUe — cut in 
this case mhgdaced. 

;. The perpetrators for the most 
part were not democratic men, 
nor defenders of the setf-deter- 
mmation of peoples; they were 
not against Brno's mi l it a ri s m 
and were most likely not terribly 
bothered by Germany's brutal 
tobfugation of vast parts of Eu- 
rope. Which of than resigned his 
commission in disgust at the 
German occupation of Poland, 
Norway or Russia, or over the 
regime's treatment of Jews? .. . 
- No, they were just against 
losing the war. -They were ntifi- 

- tary mea wbo recognized that 


lyai work For weeks. “It did not 
take just the TV coverage of the 
Sarajevo massacre to push 
things forward,” said Mark 
Gearan, White House commu- 
nications director. “Things 
were moving.” 

Bosnia, Somalia and Rwan- 
da are the conflicts recalled 
most vividly because of tbe im- 
pact of television coverage vir- 
tually live from the war zone. 
But for editorial and financial 
reasons, television can only 
“smother-cover” one crisis 
zone at a time. 

If Sarajevo had been in 
flames or there had been a rerun 
of October’s White House siege 
in Moscow, television's random 
searchlight might never have 
hjgbjbighted Rwanda with the in- 
tensity it las. As a result, it is 
likely that the United States 
would never have made the cur- 
rent high-profile tnnTwnitftriflri 

commitment of personnel, 
equipment and materials. 

For the West, Bosnia and So- 
malia were probably diplomat- 
ic watersheds- They defined 
starkly the limits to any moral 
imperative for foreign interven- 
tion in future conflicts. 

In Rwanda and elsewhere TV 
cameras will continue to cover 
the carnage. The ghastly pic- 
tures will create deep emotions. 
But the chances that they will 
stir g o ve rnm ents into decisive 
action are small and diminishing 
quickly. The TV images wm 
merely highlight conflicts thai 
Western governments have nei- 
ther the ability to prevent nor 
the- decisive political will to 
solve. TV war coverage is not the 
catalyst that many assume. 

The writer is diplomatic editor 
of ITN’s Channel 4 News, Lon- 
don. He contributed this com- 
ment to The Washington Post. 


the stupendous blitzes of tbe 
early years, owing much to Hit- 
Jet’s temerity and unconven- 
tional militar y thtnHng ^ were 
nuning into stupefying defeats 
when - that same temerity was 
perverted through madness and 

. a sense Of infallib ility. 

It is no coincidence that these 
men acted weeks after the Allied 

landings in Normandy and the 
launching of the great Soviet 
summer offensive. They saw (he 
end coming, and its only avoid- 
ance was to get rid of Hitler. 

They did, of course, at least 
have the. courage to act, irre- 
spective bf the motive. ' 

But the mbtive is important. 
Germany sadly can portray 
nothing positive about the war 
that is convincing, and these 
men were too few and far the 
most part morally implicated to 
give credence to Colonel Claus 
von Stauffenberg’s cry of a ‘'sa- 
cred Germany .” 

What Germans can say is 
that they did not ret away with 

- impunity. Ten milli on Germans 

died. Cities were bombed to 
nothingness. 

I tfriyk the . time for true Ger- 
man celebration will come in 
five yean, with the 50(h anniver- 
sary of the founding of the Fed- 
eral Republic: a successful, 
peacefu^prosperous partner in 
Europe. That is something to be 


Privacy in a Big-Eared , 
Blabbermouth Nation 


— ! ~CQJi£L®IlJDr* — 7 -LlLi_l 

!.l 17 JpjL 


By Richard Reeves 


W ashington — Head- 
ing toward a taxi line at 
National Airport surrounded 
by people holding their ears 
and mumbfieg to themselves 
— the cellular telephone crowd 
— I asked a friend, a high- 
ranking political appointee in 
the Cun ton administration, 
whether be was keeping a ctia- 

MEANWHELE 


ry, a journal of the most orat- 
ing days of his life. 

“No,” he said. “J wish 
I could, but it’s just too 
dangerous.” 

Dangerous? Although there 
was nothing controversial 
about his work, he said, he had 
already been hit with two 
Freedom of Information Act 
demands f or office records, in- 
cluding datebooks, telephone 
logs, which he had, and any 
diaries or journals, which, 
luckily, he did not. 

So, if yon want to keep a 
diary while in go vernm ent ser- 
vice, as did, say. John Quincy 
Adams or George Kennan, you 
must do so knowing that it 
mi ghT end up national tele- 
vision, as wul the journals of 
Senator Robert Packwood and 
of the current deputy secretary 
of the Treasury, Roger Altman, 
and his aides and associates. 

My informant, who has 
some experience now as an in- 
terviewee, also said that he re- 
alizes that there is no such 
thing as “off the record." He 
said that when reporters inter- 
viewed him, one of their stan- 


dard probing techniques was 
to say, “Wen, so-and-so told 
me off the record that ..." 
He was surprised by that. I 
was not. having done it many 
times myself . 

Somewhere along the lines 
of new laws, new technology 
and tabloidized television and 
press, privacy has disappeared 
as a fundamental right in 
American society. In effect, in 
America, thoughts cannot be 
kept secret if they have once 
been verbalized or written 
down. Fact or fantasy, there is 
risk (or opportunity) that any- 
thing from m usings to theo- 
rems wiU surface in court or 
on Court TV, in the Star, on 
the Oprah Winfrey or Geraldo 
Rivera show, or in Bob Wood- 
ward’s next book. 

No man is a hero to his valet. 
That is doubly true now that 
there is a five-figure market for 
the valet’s peeking. And no 
words are protected anymore, 
particularly if they are carried 
through the air between wire- 
less or cellular telephones. 

Telephone eavesdropping, 
s tandar d now all over Ameri- 
ca, was the way the current 
national insanity began: Po- 
lice electronically located the 
briefly v anish ed O. J. Simpson 
when the former football star 
called his mother on the cellu- 
lar phone in his friend’s car. 
The alleged killers of Michael 
Jordan’s father were tracked 
down in North Carolina by a 
scan of cellular telephone re- 
cords. In Virginia, the political 
fend between Senator Charles 








LLLL 

I 1 — — 

_Ll—L. 






m 


rea 





Robb and former Governor 
Douglas Wilder became pub- 
lic when Mr. Wilder foolishly 
rattled on about the vices of 
his adversary on the phone 
in his limousine. 

Half of all U.S. households 
now have wind ess telephones 
of one son or another. That 
m«inc that half the homes in 
America axe, in effect, small 
radio stations — if anyone out 
there is inclined to listen to 
kitchen or bedroom broad- 
casts. Ten percent of Ameri- 
cans, they say, now have cellu- 
lar telephones, which function 
not only as mobile radio broad- 
casters but as a locating device. 

Also, in electronic America, 
no worker is safe from hidden 
video cameras in offices and 


factories, as no bank robber or 
shoplifter is safe from roving- 
eyed surveillance cameras. 
And no one who works on a 
computer knows whether or 
not his or her boss is electroni- 
cally eavesdropping on anoth- 
er screen somewhere in the 
same building. A magazine 
called MacWorld, for users of 
Apple computers, has some- 
how concluded that 21.6 per- 
cent of employers scan the 
electronic mail and other com- 
puter filings of employees. 

Privacy? There are laws, of 
course, but the volume (and 
acceptability) of electronic spy- 
ing makes them unenforceable. 
The country is wired — with- 
out wires. For those old enough 
to remember such things, the 


United States has become one 
big party line — with a presi- 
dent, who is nothing if not a 
modem man, comfortable go- 
ing on television and answering 
questions about wbat kind of 
underwear he prefers. 

What to do? Tom Kneitel 
editor of Popular Communi- 
cations, said: “1 wouldn't say 
anything on a telephone that I 
wouldn't say in a crowded ele- 
vator. I wouldn’t talk to a doc- 
tor, a lawyer, an accountant or 
a banker on a wireless phone.” 

In Washington, Michael 
Bozza of [he Justice Depart- 
ment advises us: “Leam to talk 
like drug dealers.” 

Thanks. Is America a great 
country or what? 

Universal Press Syndicate. 


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


proud of, to display in the world, her cause as we should have in 
That is the triumph out of the keeping with the secular ideals 
ashes. Who in 1945 could have in the Indian Constitution, 
imagined this sort of Germany? At the same time, it is a mat- 
IL G PILLER. ter of Sra* 1 happiness that an 
London. Indian Muslim, Salman Rush- 
_ , , „ , , .. die. is taking up the cause of 

Donald Kobhte describes scnjad^lriXide. 

Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg frdja is a democratic coun- 

as a “conservative officer from ny^ one of the fundamental 
the Prossian axistoaacy. In ^ ^ * that 

fact, the Stauffenberg f am i ly m ; nft rities should be treated as 
has its roots in Wurttemberg, equals and with respea. 
wbere Oaus von Stauffenberg like ]£dia, Paki- 

stan and Bangladesh say they 
Old Casti e swear by secularism, but in real- 

ther held a high post at the |*v ihev are different 
courtofthc last king ot Wlln- ^^dstoTaslima Nasrrn, 
wmbag), ami burr at the ta n- j^sary to reiterate Ural 
iW estate m a she aever waited the Koran to 

rewri 0 ® 1 * 35 reported by 
mountains. He loved ms Swibi- ^ p TCSS ^ She only 

wanted the Sharia, the legal 
code of Islam, to be changed 

erf tire Swabian dialect. Claus She said that Muslims should 
von Stauffenberg had a vast not ^ ^ should ex- 

/k 118 * °iL press their opinions openly. The 

(he was friendly with the poet said: “Fear the plaints 

Stefim George); by no means ^ ^ , Even of ra _ 

was he a representative of the For they pass the 

mihtaiy class. barriers / And pierce all veils 

ERWIN HARTMANN. [ to God].” 

. Botm - AJIT S. GOFAL. 

Listening to Nasrin New Delhi 

I have been deeply impressed As is well-known, Bangia- 

by your extensive coverage of desh was bom through a strug- 
the Taslima Nasrin case. gie for independence in pursu- 

it is a matter of shame that ance of the democratic right to 
we in India have not supported life, liberty and progress. 


LONDON’S BURNING* 
Life, Death and Art iri the 
Second World War 

By Frier Stansky and WiBiam 
Abrahams. 201 pages. S29S5. 
Stanford University Press. 

Reviewed by 

Lynn H- Nicholas - 

R EADERS expecting dra- 
matic scenes of dyi ng art - 
ists struggling to produce works 
of art amid the fires and bombs 
of the London Blitz, which the 
rather lurid cover and title of 

this book suggest, will be disap- 
pointed. But anyone interested 
m the eternal dflemmas ^ facmg 
artists in wartime wfil find the 
three essays presented here fas- 
rrinating. This acccamt « u* 
activities of five of Britan s cul- 
tural giants during the war 
chromdeaT both the efforts of a 

farsighted few in the govern- 
ment to maintain tbe pioduc- 
tion of art in the facecrf terba- 
rism and the unpredictable 


reactions of the-creative mind 
to sadi intervention. 

- The deciskta to enqilqy and 
protect artists was taken as 
soon as war was declared. 
Memories of the slaughter of 
painters and poets in Worid 
War I were stm vivid, and men 
such as Kenneth Clari^ director 
of London’s National Gallery, 
and the economist John May- 
nard Keynes, wim secretly de- 
termined to “keep the artists at 
work on any pretext and as far 
as possible to prevent them 
from being kfllea” Thar com- 
bined efforts; ; eventually cen- 
tralized at tire much satirized 
Ministry of Information (the 
model for QnveETs Ministry of 
Truth; in “1984”), would not 
eerily ensure the fmancialsurviv- 
al of the artists, but would ac- 
tively bring then works to the 


BOOKS 


WHAT THEY'RE READING 


• Gferard Martin, a scriptwrit- 
er and director of TV documen- 
taries, is reading a French trans- 
lation of the Oxford Companion 
to Classical literature. 

“I love reading any land of 
dictionary, and dm into this 
most nights in bod. It can inspire 
anfdea for a new film, give inspi- 
ration for a documentary, and 
most import an t, send me to 
sleep in a few minutes.” 

(John Brwtton, IHT) 



Jennings. Jennings, already in 
tire government employ, was as- 
signed to the Ministry of Infor- 
mation's intrigue-riven propa- 
ganda film division. A brilliant 
dilettante, he had dabbled in 
surrealism and helped found an 
organization known as Mass 
Observation, whose mission was 
investigation of the “ordinary 
man. " The destruction and blur- 
ring of social distinctions during 


But, as the authors point out 
with considerable wit, bringing 
together artists and bureaucra- 
cy is no simple thing. Even 
Gark, the ultimate art bureau’ 
crat, had the greatest trouble 


persuading tire likes of Henry 
Moore and Graham Sutherland 
to take on wax-related assign- 
ments that would justify their 
support by his ministty. 

Moore, forced by the break- 
down of his cat to take the Un- 
derground one night, was over- 
whelmed at the sight of the 
who bad sought shelter 

Sutherland, also stymied, but 
feding that he “had to give val- 
ue for money,” would finally 


find his inspiration in the eerie 
bombscapes of the deserted 
East Ena. His fellow painter 
Paul Nash started faster, but to 
tire dismay of his superiors at 
the Air Ministry, who wanted 
him to paint nice pictures of 
planes, became obsessed by tire 
twisted wreckage of German 
bombers. 

From the plastic arts the au- 
thors move on, in the second 
essay, to the career of the docu- 
mentary filmmak er Humphrey 


rate tendencies into focus. The 
result was Jennings’s master- 
piece, “Fires Were Started," a 
tribute to the National Fire Ser- 
vice, which, according to one 
critic, is tire only propaganda 
movie made in worid War n 
that can be seen today without 
embarrassment. 

The third essay requires a 

q uantum leap, describing as it 
does the wartime experience of 
Benjamin Britten, conscien- 
tious objector and homosexual. 
When war broke out Britten 
and his companion, Peter Pears, 
were in New York where they 
were enjoying considerable mu- 


Today, Bangladesh is cn its 
way to self-sufficiency and sus- 
tained development. The econ- 
omy is doing well exports are 
booming, reforms for a market 
economy have taken root. 

Enter Taslima Nasrin. Alle- 
gations are bang made about 
violations of her right of expres- 
sion. But Ms. Nasrin’s prosecu- 
tion for malicious attacks on 
the religious feelings of the peo- 

E le comes under a 100-year-old 
tw, promulgated by tire British 
government, which has stood 
the test of time. It provides fora 
ma ximum p unishm ent of two 
years’ imprisonment, a fine or 
both. And the Bangladesh gov- 
ernment has issued a stem 
warning to anybody threaten- 
ing Ms. Nasrin. 

A. H. MAHMOOD ALL 
Ambassador of Bangladesh. 

Boon. 

The Population Battle 

Regarding “ Start Easing the 
Rich-Poor Divide Now" (Opin- 
ion, July 23) by Paul Kenned}': 

Mr. Kennedy has given us a 
candid, comprehensive ap- 
praisal of the gigantic popula- 
tion problem facing the world 
today — as well as the expecta- 
tions from the United Nations 
conference in Cairo, in Sep- 
tember, which be calls “its 


sical success. They were lodged 
in an incredible mfeiagp that 
included, among others, W.H. 
Auden, Goto Mann and Gypsy 
Rose Lee; who, we are told 
“wrote the G-String Murders 
there." This appears to have 
been too much for Britten and 
he soon moved on to California 
where homesickness set in when 
he read an E.M. Forster article 
on the Suffolk poet George 
Crabbe. Crabbe’s verses would 
provide the spark both for Brit- 
ten’s opera “Peter Grimes" and 
for his return to England in 
1942. Once there, Briuen and 
Pears were exempted from com- 
bat service by a military tribu- 
nal and they too came under 
the wing of the Ministry of In- 
formation. From then on they 
contributed to the war effort by 
giving numerous free concerts. 

Lynn H. Nicholas, the author 
of ’’The Rape of Europa: The 
Fate of Europe’s Treasures in the 
Third Reich and the Second 
World War, ” wrote this for The 
Washington Post. 


most important global meeting 
on population in 20 years." 

Mr. Kennedy quotes Henry 
Kendall the Nobel sa'entisl as 
saying: “If you do not stabilize 
population with justice, with 
humanity and mercy, then it 
will be done for us by nature, 
and it will be done brutally and 
without pity." 

Ironically, the same issue of 
the Tribune carried an item 
from Rome (“Vatican Presses 
Attack on UN Talks") that 
quotes Cardinal Alfonso L6pez 
Trujillo as saying that the Cairo 


conference could lead to “the 
most disastrous massacre in his- 
tory*' if it sanctioned abortion 
as a means of family planning. 

That unfortunate statement 
is in line with a campaign by 
militant Muslim fundamental- 
ists in Egypt to discredit and 
sabotage the conference, label- 
ing it “an imperialist plot.” 

It is sad and disturbing that 
the Vatican and the fundamen- 
talists are of one voice on an 
issue so critical to our planet. 

RAMSES NASSIF. 

Geneva. 


CHESS 


By Robert Byrne 

I N tbe world championship 
quarterfinals Michael Ad- 
ams and Sergei Ttviakov pro- 
duced some of the most colorful 
attacking games. In Game 2 
Adams took his chance to score 
the quickest decision in their 
series. 

The Rossohmo Variation of 
the Sicilian Defense, 3 BbS, de- 
parts from the sharp systems of 
the open lines with 3 d4, but it 
has its own tactical problems, 
which are framed against a po- 
sitional background. Black can 
afford to play 3...Nc6 because it 
would probably be loo dogmat- 
ic for While to create doubled c 
pawns with 4 Bc6 be. 

On 4 0-0, Black can guard 
against doubled pawns by 
4...Bd7, yielding White posi- 
tional advantage and an initia- 
tive that outweighs the sacri- 
ficed pawn. 

Modern Chess Openings, 
brands 4...Bg4 as unreliable, 
pointing out that after 3 h3 Bh5 
6 c3 a6 7 Bc6 be 8 d4cd 9 cd. 
White has a minimal advanta- 
ge. Tiviakov deviated from this 
with 6_Qb6, to prevent dou- 
bled pawns, but after 7 Na3 a6 
8 Ba4 Qc7. Black’s develop- 
ment was seriously lagging. 

On 9 d4, Tiviakov tried to 
end Adams’s pressure all at 
once with tbe aggressive 9...b5? 
and encountered Adams’s pow- 
erful speculative knight sacri- 
fice with 10Nb5!?ab 11 Bb5.lt 
was now difficult to fend off the 
reinforcement of the bishop pin 
with 12 d5. 

Tiviakov ventured II. ..0-0-0, i 
which allowed him to keep his i 
material advantage of a piece 
for two pawns, although he still 
had to face a mating attack with 
12 b4. 

In view of the threat of 13 
Be3, 14 Rabl and 15bc, Tivia- 


araiji 
mnmi 
lass m k 

min it 

liil Bi ll 

m m&m& 


■ m is saag 

» b c a b 1 g b 
AQAMSyvvWTt 

Position after 24 ... RdeS 

kov was pretty much forced to 
advance I4...c4. 

Nothing could stop the ava- 
lanche of pawns that Adams 
put in motion with IS dS, 17 
Bed, 18 bS. 21 a4 and 22 a5. On 
22- Nc6 23 be Nd5 24 Qb5. 
there was no way for Tiviakov 
to put up a fight: 24...Nc3 
would have been crushed by 23 
Qa6 Kb8 26 Rabl. 

After 24..JRde8, Adams shoi 
23 Bb6!, mummifying the black, 
king. On 23...Nb6, there could 
have followed 26 ab Qb8 27 c7 
Qb7 28 Ra7 Qa7 29 ba Kc7 30 
Rbl. Tiviakov gave up. 


SICILIAN DEFENSE 
BUck White 
Tlvtabov Admins 


0 - 0-0 a be 
an 34 qw 


Tiviakov 

NbS 

c4 

Nf6 

Nfd7 

«6 

fi 

NM 

Bel 

Bf6 

wee 

N<13 

Rdrf 

Resign* 


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Jetm-Phfflppe Delhomme s illustrations 
for Barneys for designs (from left) by Armani. 
Xemille. Cactus & Rose, and Givenchy. 



u • 


J 


; - v - ; •’<*■ 


F ashion Comeback for Illustration 


By John B run ton 

Imemarional Herald Tribune 


N EW YORK — To- 
day's obsession with 
supertnodels and ce- 
lebrity photographs 
would seem to have all but 
eclipsed the old-fashioned, un- 
trendy an of illustration. 

Who would possibly imagin e 
anyone mad enough to adver- 
tise a new range of haute cou- 
ture designs or launch a mil- 
lioD-dollar campaign to 


publicize the opening of a store 
boasting one of the most fam- 
ous U. 5. fashion names by a 
series of quirky, almost child- 
like illustrations. And hand- 
painted by a Frenchman at 
that! 

Not only is there no Claudia 
Schiffer or Linda Evangelista, 
no hallmark Annie liebowitz 
or Bruce Weber snaps, but in- 
stead drawings such as a bare 


pastel illustration, somewhere 
between Edward Hopper and 
David Hockney, with an almost 
chubby, expressionless girl, ac- 
companied by obscure captions 
like “Sometimes you're an art 
movement" or “Sometimes you 
think pink but wear black." But 
that is exactly what Barneys has 
done to promote new stores in 
New York and Los Angeles. 

And overnight, the French 
artist Jean-Phiuppe Delhomme, 
working with a former Warhol 
protegee and Madonna collab- 
orator. Glenn O'Brien, has 
brought illustration back into 
the fashion spotlight. 

Europeans are familiar with 
Delhomme' s style. There were 
his posters for movies like Pe- 
dro Almodfevar's “He Me Up, 
He Me Down” and Kenneth 
Branagh’s “Peter's Friends," an 
off-beat TV commercial for a 
soap powder, and designs that 
have appeared in a wide range 


of publications, from Vogue 
and EUe, to the French daily. 
Liberation and Britain's Sun- 
day Times. 

But it's in the French version 
of the American Glamour mag- 
azine that Delho mm e has really 
developed his approach. Since 
the launch of Glamour in 
France in 1988, Delhomme has 
had his own one-page column. 


commenting on French style, 
fashion, fads and dreams. The 
page features colorful gouache 
p ainting s accompanied by cyni- 
cal. satirical captions written by 
Delhomme. 

Delhomme relentlessly pokes 
fun at the fashion-conscious, 
image-obsessed French. One oT 
the young women is described 
as follows: “Jocelyn, 22 years 
old, a writer, three novels, pho- 
tographed in her studio. Ambi- 
tion: to be a work of art." 

Delhomme gets inspiration 
from the magazines that pub- 









1-5 


SEPTEMBER 21-24, 1994 - BALLIOL COLLEGE • OXFORD 

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the global business climate 


Three days to refresh your mind. A creative blending of business anti 
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Rudd Lubbcrs, Prime Minister oFThe Netherlands, will be the guest speaker 
at the closing dinner, to be held at Blenheim Palace on Friday, September 23. 


Hcralb^Sribunc 

M 

OXFORD ANALYTIC A 

,[i.- ,f .|? • 'll 111' WIMHIM I’VI " * 
,.,....111 I 'III I I < l 1 1 1 ■! 

, .Mali ► ' I V I* 

, „ Ml ’ * • I 

, i.iin m-i 


C 

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lish his work. “I think there is a 
world that is created, invented 
by newspapers and magazines 
that doesn't exist anywhere 
else," he said. “They Construct 
their own images for {heir read- 
ers, who more often than not 
are all too willing to believe 
them. So a ‘ decalage \ a kind of 
jet lag, appears between life 
written up in magazines and 
what’s happening in the real 
world. And that is the space 
where I operate in.” 

“A fashion magazine may 
suddenly decide a certain part 
of the aty is ‘in,’ say Belleville 
in Paris, with clubs, poetry 
readings, bistrots. But when 
you get down there you discov- 
er it’s totally untrue, apart from 
maybe one sleazy brur. Also the 
media and advertising are al- 
ways trying to idealize the per- 
fect person, the most fashion- 
able, most cultured, whatever. I 
just try and show that these 
‘ideal’ people can have a few 
problems too, and fortunately 
I’ve found that people actually 
like being teased about their 
lifestyle.” 

The decision to try his luck in 
the United States was not easy. 
“Although I’ve already worked 
a lot in London and Tokyo, 
where they are very open about 
illustration, Td never dared to 
come to New York. Td always 
seen it as some kind of impreg- 
nable fortress, and turning up 
with just your portfolio under 
your arm is like embarking on a 
polar expedition," he said. 


He was fortunate to arrive at 
Barneys just when they were 
looking for something different, 
a rupture with their past, and 
equally lucky to meet up with 
CrBrien, the man who provided 
the captions to match Dd- 
homme's designs. 

This is also the first time Dd- 
bomme has illustrated specific 
designs for fashion outfits. The 
Barneys drawings include 
clothes by Azzedine Alaia. Bill 
Blass, Armani and Givenchy. 
Delhomme draws a faceless girl 
with the caption “Sometimes 
you’re a rebel," while Armani’s 
dothes are illustrated by a cool 
guy saying ^Sometimes luxuries 
are necessities-" 

The secret of Delhomme’s 
success is that he manages to 
combine art and commercialism. 
He is no failed artist forced to 
make his living by selling out to 
illustration, but rather a painter 
who succeeds in transforming 
his own personal ait into a com- 
mercial expression. 

“I am happy to say that I 
earn my living from my art,” he 
insists, “because I’m fortunate 
that the work I do for my clients 
is creative enough to satisfy my 
own personal feelings. I hate 
the artistic notion of working in 
a vacuum from some ivory tow- 
er, and frankly I find it more 
interesting to take part in peo- 
ple’s lives, say when they see 
one of my drawings on a poster 
or in a magazine, rather than 
people filing past a painting in 
an art gallery." 



i i i 


An interior view of the elegant but comfortable Cafe Marty. 


Robed Bcjcfrt 


‘In’ Dining at the Louvre 


By Jean Rafferty 


P ARIS — It’s summer 
and suddenly everyone 
wants to eat outdoors. 
Though thousands of 
tourists throng the Louvre, the 
Cafe Marly, tucked discreetly 
into die recently renovated Ri- 
chelieu wing of the Louvre, was 
something of a secret until its 
tables and chairs spread can 
over the pyramid esplanade. 
Now its ultra-comfortable ban- 
quettes under the arcades are 
the latest spot to be seen. 

Upstairs, the Marly, which 
opened in January, is still al- 


most tike a chib. The addressxs 
on the Rue de RivoG, but the 
entrance is by the peristyle on 
the Com Napofeon to the north 
of the pyramid. 

The banners a nnoun cing its 
name are easy to miss. But such 
discriminating Tout jParisieas 
as Henry Racanner, head of of 
Orcofi (which controls the fash- 
ion house of Lanvin with 
Orfcal), the designer Karl Lager- 
feld as well as the architectural 
star Jean NouveL Michel La- 
clotte, director of the Louvre, 
and the ballet supremo Patrick 
Dupoztd have sealed in here.. 

. The decor is both soothing 
and glamorous, a contemporary 


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J81 Avenue Charies-de-Gaufle, 
92521 Nenilly Ccdex, 

. France -• 


update by the designers Olivier 
Gagnfere and Yves Taralon of a 
grand Venetian caffe. The pati- 
naed antique rod and ash blue 
walls, inspired, say the design- 
ers, .by ute Villa Mysrfere of 
Pompeii, soften and iDuminaie 
the opulent black and gold Na- 
HI boiseries, which were 
conserved as a landmark from 
the original interior. 

In the main room is a huge 
red, white and blue glass chan- 
delier that was hand-blown to 
Gagnfere’s design at the Atelier 
Toso in Morano. 

Views from all Marty’s rooms 
are remarkable: From the Salon 
• Monty (named for the socially 
peripatetic Second Empire 
duke), you look over L M. Pea’s 
pyramid and fountains in the 
Cbur Napolfeon; from the two 
smaller salons de Marty, thfe • 
spirited horses that do mina te 
the striking sculpture-filled * 
Cour Marly, which is now 
glassed over as part of the Ri- 
chelieu wing. 

From the arcades, one has a 
front-row panorama of the pyr- 
amid' and fountains, while the - 
esp l an ad e tables are reminis- 
cent of the Caffe Florian on St, i‘. 
Mack’s Square in Venice. 

“The Mariy is the opening of 
the Louvre to Paris, the liaison 
between the city and the muse- ; 
um.” said Gilbert Costes, who 
with his brother, Jean-Louis, is 
be hind two of the city’s most 
c harism a ti c caffes, the Philippe 
Starcfc-dcsigned Caffe Costes in 
Les Haltes and the Caffe Beau- 
bourg by ' Qiristian Portzam- - 
pare', opposite the Pompidou 
center. . . _ ■ 

The Marty is something of a 
departure for a museum, restau- ». , 
rant since it is open seven days a 
week from 8 A.M. to 2 A.M. 
uwk^xmdently of the museum. 

One can breakfast .cm crcis- 
sant and coffee white perusing’ ' 
the papers (kqri on wooden ' 

tons), have. a glass of ch«m - 
pagne or hmoh or dine cm sim- h J- 
pie but tasty brasserie fare. ' 
These indude fish, gtiaied steakl.\ 
or roast chkken, string b ean- . '- 
aud mushroom salad ' and a.“ -; 
forte fine aux yammer, 

. There is an . international so- V* ' 
lection to warm the hearts of [ V 
jh«e looking: for a touch dtf* 
™me from chib sandwiches/ 
cb^seburgers and brownies to v . “ 
ravioli, carpaccio and tomatoes' 4 ?* 
“ozzandla or griUed sote and“ ■> 

° fojfppnave ? . v'~* 

" \«e Louvre has become-r".''. 

■ riimvial in the evenings,” says^ ^ 
Q2bert Costes, “and 'the most-tV. - 

I flattering rendezvous in F^ris. J,, '’'-!J 
Marfy,S3 ruede Rtvoli v ’ 
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About ISO to 200 jrancr :< 
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■ a Paris-based*. * 

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m 



International Herald Tribune, Tuesday, August 2, 1994 


Page 9 






mm 

fe..’,- vm. 





THSTWB INDEX 115.05® 

Trfl *f?? WofW stock Index O. composed of 
280inteTOflor^lrweSte»bte stocks from 25 countries, compiled 
by Bloomberg Business News. Jan. 1,1 992 » 1Q0 * .... 

120 - - ■ : 



WM Worid Index 

‘ ■■'• <•■•■ ■ o r - 

~ ’ . T ; r--.r~y y ii 


M A 

1993 

M 

Arnn.Pnciflc 


Approx wetghUng; 32% 

Close: 13238 Pnv^ 131.19 

1 



*Bnac— tf*t y8 7% 
Ctea HSJUPiBvj 11S.14 


*?■ 72T * v ' ! ;^ ^ 


M A 


North America 


Approx, w^ghing-. 26% 
Close; $4.95 PrcvJ 94.53 


Lnttn America 


Approx. MtyMng: 3% 
asa.’ l24S?Ptev: 123L05 


jSEK3 


M A 
1993 

WnMIndn 


M. A 
1983 


The Max Incite U S. d Wkr values ol. stocks Src Tokyo, Nnr Yurie, London, mtd 
Afgsnilna. Aiistratfa. Ankj^ Balgtuni Bod, renmie. CM*, Denmark, Roland, 
Franc*. Germany, Hong Kong, Italy, Majdco, NnthedawSa, Nm Zeeland, Norway, | 
Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Swtbartand and Vanezuala. For Tokyo, New York end 
London, trie Max is composed o( In 20 top fcauaa Sf-tHM of mantocaptaft a Ohq 
dfMrwtooto len top stocks am tracked ■ ......: x . • 


Industrial Sectors 


A) 11 


Bw» 1 14.2S 1 13.71 • 40.47 OpM Goode : 117.2- 11&10 *0.96 

Utltiss 122,45- 121 j 46~ 4&82 Rwltetedab , 13005 128,77 *0.99 

Rnancc H8.49 117.7B *0.62 CoMlWgowb • 100.09 8938 4051 

Sendees 12065 120XTI 4053 ttafteaiiB ' 13I.E1130.36 40.98 

For more tnfor maS on abort the MBKabaokbUsayabbbiBBafctiBige. 

Write to Tib Mat, IBl Aveaoo Charles da GauBe, 92521 Neulty Capex. France. 

• • • OW a meBonaiHeraMTftHina 


Prices 
Surge for 
Crude Oil 

Strike in Nigeria 
Viewed as Threat 


Cotnptkd by Qv Staff From Ditpcicha 

NEW YORK — Crude ofl 
prices shot to the highest level 
in more than a year Monday as 
a month-old strike by Nigerian 
o3 workers worsened. 

Crude oil for September de- 
livery on the New York Mer- 
cantile Exchange rose 25 cents a 
band, to $20-55, die first time 
prices had reached that level in 
17 months. 

“It looks Hke ti ic situation is 
getting worse,” said John Sau- 
cer, an analyst at Smith Barney 
. in Houston. “Most people are 
looking for additional force ma- 
jeure declarations and produc- 
tion cuts because a lot of for- 
eign staff are reportedly leaving 
die country.” 

Nigeria’s oil unions backed 
out of talks with the country’s 
military government scheduled 
for Monday, and the unions 
vowed to continue the strike un- 
til democracy is restored. 

The strike could gain addi- 
tional force if the Nigerian La- 
bor Congress, the umbrella 
group .for the country’s major 
industrial unions, joins the 
strike Wednesday. 

. The longer the strike lasts, the 
more fikdy it is to disrupt Nige- 
ria’s daily exude output of nearly 
2 million bands, or 3 potent of 
the world’s supply, the strike 
has already reduced production 
by about 300,000 barrels a day 
because of equipment problems 
and threats of violence against 
the few expatriate workers still 
manning operations. 

.The strike began to bite into 
Nigerian crude exports last 
week, when Royal Dutch/ Shell 
Group said it would not be able 
to deliver most of its August 
cargoes on schedule. 

(KnightrRidder, Bloomberg 
Reuters) 


Insider DC: Fun Vi ? Profit 

Dubious $1,000 Game Lures Capitol Set 


By Robert O’Harrow Jr. 
and Bill Mifier 

Wellington Pest Senior 

Washington — with the fervor of a 

motivational speaker, an executive from one 
of Washington’s most prominent lobbying 
concerns exhorted all in the crowd to work 
their Rolodexes and recruit friends looking 
far fast cash. 

Stick with the game, Geoffrey Peterson 
told the nearly 100 well-connected profes- 
sionals packed around the mirrors and hair 
dryers of an L Street beauty salon last week, 
and they conld make thousands of dollars in 
so tune at aH 

“You’re in control of your own destiny,” 


the tanned senior vice president of Cassidy & 
Associates said in the salon, which is operated 
by an acouaintance, “Get out there and sell!” 

After listening istentiv to Mr. Peterson, the 
people got down to business — playing “Air- 
plane," a high-stakes, high-risk pyramid 
“game” that uses real money. 

Rules call for players to pay 51,000 each to 
become one of eight “passengers" on an 
imaginary airplane. The passengers make up 
(he bottom level of a pyramid. The next level 
up consists of four “crew members.” The next 
level is shared by two “copilots.” At the top is 

a. u_:u. " 


the “pilot. 
When tl 


a the airplane is “full,” the pilot leaves 

See AIRPLANE, Page 11 


Russia Probing Investment Fund 


Ktatfa-Mdder 

LONDON — The Russian 
Finance Ministry, the Anti- 
Monopoly Committee and 
tax authorities have sum- 
moned the managem ent of 
MMM, the troubled invest- 
ment fund, to a meeting cm 
Wednesday, according to a 
report monitored by the BBC 

The Itar-Tass press agency 
said MMM had been ordered 
to admit independent audi- 
tors to assess its assets and 
management practices. 

The letter summoning the 
MMM managers to the meet- 


ing also instructed them to 
draw up a register of share- 
holders by Oct 1 and to ex- 
change share certificates. The 
letter was sent to all MMM 
offices and to the president 
Sergei Mavrodi, at his home. 

The value of MMM’s 
shares plummeted Friday 
from the equivalent of $55 to 
about 50 cents. Thousands of 
angry investors protested 
outride the Moscow head- 
quarters. The company had 
an estimated 5 milli on to 10 
million investors in a pyra- 
mid operation in which mon- 
ey from new members cov- 


ered payouts to earlier 
investors. 

The Finance Ministry de- 
manded a report on the way 
MMM share certificates and 
warrants are issued. 

MMM was ordered to to 
stop exaggerated advertising 
ana promotional methods 
counter to a presidential de- 
cree “on protecting the inter- 
ests of investors.” 

There were warnings Mon- 
day that other investment 
companies would “fall like 
dominoes” if the government 
did not take action. 


Turner Confirms He Wants CBS 


The Associated Press 

ST. PETERSBURG — Ted 
Turner, the cable television pio- 
neer, confirmed Monday that 
he was interested in buying 
CBS Inc. — or either of the two 
other major U.S. television net- 
works, for that matter. 

But be said there was nothing 
specific in the works at the mo- 
ment. 

Mr. Turner has long har- 
bored an interest in burying a 
broadcast TV network as a 
complement to bis cable em- 


pire. The recent collapse of 
CBS’ proposed merger with a 
shopping-channel operator 
stirred speculation that he 
would bid for CBS. 

“I think basically all three of 
them are available for the right 
deal,” the chairman of Turner 
Broadcasting System Inc. said 
to a group of reporters in Sl 
P etersburg, where be is attend- 
ing the Goodwill Games. 

Y ‘I keep up contact with the 
three of them,” Mr. Tinner 
said, referring to CBS and the 


Trade Tensions 
Have a Limited 
Effect on Dollar 


Compiled by Our Stuff Fran Dispaicha 

NEW YORK — The dollar 
weakened Monday, but the 
drop was modest considering 
the breakdown of trade talks 
between the United States and. 
Japan that was announced on 
Sunday. 

Analysts said the currency 
had been saved from a rout by 
the decision to allow a two- 
month waiting period before 
the start of sanctions for the 
currency. The holding period 
“gives them plenty of time to 
reach an agreement,” said Roy 
Lagden, a senior dealer at 
Diesdner Bank, echoing the 
feelings of many dealers. 

The dollar, which tumbled in 
early trading as low as 98.38 
yen, recovered to close in New 
York at 99.445 yen. It dosed 
Friday in New York at 99.950 
yen. 

Mr. Lagden said there was 
little evidence of willingness to 
sell the dollar and that many 
investors had been more than 
happy to buy on the dips. 

^This was a market feeling its 
way on Monday,” he said, add- 
ing that he expected activity to 
pick up Tuesday. 

On Sunday the United States 
launched trade-sanctions pro- 


ceedings against Japan for ob- 
structing imports of telecom- 
munications and medical 
equipment. But Washington 
has given Tokyo 60 days baore 
it puts higher tariffs on some 
Japanese exports to the United 
States. 


have tried to play down the fail- 
ure of the trade talks, stressing 
that they have a number of 
weeks to settle their differences. 
Dealers said there was lingering 
hope that Japan would manage 
to reach a compromise with its 
largest trading partner before 
any sanctions take effect. 

Prime Minister Tomiichi 
Murayama said be wanted the 
Japanese team to negotiate “te- 
naciously" over the next two 
months and expressed hope for a 
mutually satisfactory outcome. 

Kozo Igarashii, a cabinet 
spokesman, also responded 
mildly, but he repeated the 


lion that Tokyo would break off 
negotiations on any trade sector 
if sanctions were imposed. Mr. 
Igarashii said Japan would con- 
tinue negotiating in sectors not 
touched by sanctions. 

The Japanese have so far not 

See DOLLAR, Page 10 


or NBC or ABC 


owners of the NBC and ABC 
television networks. 

“There’s been a lot of writing 
that all three will change hands 
in the next couple of years,” he 
said. “I think that’s probably 
true, and I just hope well be 
able to align ourselves with one 
of them." 

After the possible CBS merg- 
er deal with the shopping chan- 
nel QVC Inc. fell apart last 
month, reports said Mr. Turner 
was considering making a bid. 

“There’s nothing at the pre- 


sent moment — that’s the pre- 
sent moment,” he said here. “I 
have nothing specific in the 
works now. But Tm just ex- 
pressing a desire 1 mean sooner 
would be better than later. I’ve 
been waiting 10 years now.” 

“It’d give us a network,” he 
said, “we’d be in the same posi- 
tion that ABC is with ESPN in 
sports. We would have both ca- 
ble networks and a broadcast 
network.” 

Atlanta-based Turner Broad- 
casting owns the Cable News 


Network, CNN Headline 
News, supers lation WTBS, the 
TNT network and the Cartoon 
Network. 

Turner noted that CBS has 
no cable network and said 
“that’s being pointed out as one 
of the huge deficiencies of that 
company.” 

Media analysts have ques- 
tioned whether Mr. Turner has 
either the financial capacity to 
buy a network or the support of 
the cable-TV companies that ril 
on his board for such a bid. 


Thinking Ahead /Commentary 

Jingoism Dampens Atlantic Trade 


By Reginald Dale . . _ ■ 

International Herald Tribune 

W ASHINGTON - ~ The ad- 
veat of the gjbbal economy 
is having a peryqree ride-ef- 
fect: while companies are in- 
creasingly operating worldwide, govern-', 
meats are becoming more nationalistic. 

In the npmo erf national competitive- 
ness Western governments axe increasing- 
ly treating foreign- companies as if they 
were hostile and are discriminating a- 
gainst foreign investment in a sdf-def eat- 
ing attempt to protect their home bases:. 

Ironically this retrograde trend is. be- 
ing led by the United States and the 
European Union, which have the most to 
g jiip from free investment flows.. 

It is time to stop the rot before it 
spreads any further. Oae good idea, cur- 
rently being ^proposed by the Europeanr 
A m eri c an Chamber of Commerce in 
Washington, would be to laimchabid to 
liberalize trans-Atlantic investment flows. 

The trans-Atlantic investment rela- 
tionship is “the world's hugest and most 
beneficial,” according to Willard M, Ber- 
ry, the chamber’s president. It has creat- 
ed almost 3 million jobs on either side of 

the ocean, and, unlike American and 
European investment relations with Ja- 
pan, it is well balanced. 

But while trade liberalization, has 
largely kept pace with growth in worid 
trade, rules on investment have lagged. 

At issue is the principle <» national 
treatment, which guarantees that a coun- 
try will treat foreign compames.no less 


favorably than it does its own —a princi- 
ple to winch both the United States and 
the EU are committed. But Washington 
and Brussels are undermining that princi- 
ple by increasingly seeking to make it 
cooditiaQaL 

Mr. Bony identifies 1 2 bills pending in 
the U.S. Congress that would (fisenmi- 


i against foreign companies 
seeking, for example, U.S. j 


govem- 


Washington and 
Brussels are resorting to 
protectionism even as 
companies expand 
internationally. - 


meat research and development funds or 
private telecommunications contracts. 

Conditional national treatment, says 
Cynthia Beltz, a research fellow at the 
American Enterprise Institute in Wash- 
ington, is spreading through U.S. legisla- 
tion “like an undetected computer virus.” 


The EU is planning, for instance, to put 
conditions on foreign companies* free- 
dom to exploit hydrocarbons and receive 
satellite agnak- 

. Both sides argue that the aim is actual- 
ly to force other countries to improve 
their treatment of foreign companies. 

Frequently the new conditions stipu- 
late that foreign companies may only 


benefit from full national treatment if 
their home countries grant the same priv- 
ileges in return. 

But in practice, the conditions are just 
as liable to be used for protectionist 
purposes. 

As Ms. Beltz points out, they can easi- 
ly be abused to serve not the national 
interest but the parochial interests of 
individual companies or states. 

They also invite retaliation. If the 
United States restricts foreign participa- 
tion in its research programs, other gov- 
ernments are likely to impose tougher 
rules on American companies — defeat- 
ing the whole object of the exercise; 

That kind of beggar- tby-ndghbor con- 
duct can only further compartmentalize 
markets, impeding the flow of invest- 
ment and stunting trade. More than half 
of trans-Atlantic trade is now between 
companies and their foreign affiliates. 

Studies cited by Ms. Beltz show that 
foreign investment in the United States 
is beneficial. It has introduced new tech- 
nology ^a nd^ b^t er^manfl^mentutcch- 

ty%y increasing competition 

Mr. Berry is right to call for more open 
and predictable trans-Atlantic invest- 
ment rules that would reaffirm the na- 
tional treatment principle. Such an ar- 
rangement could then be spread more 
widely through the Organization for 
Economic Cooperation and Develop- 
ment. It is in that own interests for 
Washington and Brussels to take the 
lead. The next challenge will be to get 
Japan to play by the same rules. 


Quite simply 
the Royal Oak. 






mm 




CURRENCY & INTEREST RATES 


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Page 10 


MARKET diary 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 2, 1994 


** 


/ 


Cyclicals Extend 
Wall Street Rally 


NEW YORK — Growing 
confidence that moderate U.S. 
economic growth would ease 
pressure on the Federal Reserve 
Board to raise interest rates 
soon and strength in cyclical 
’issues lifted the stock market 
Monday. 

1110 Dow Jones industrial av- 
erage finished up 33.67 points at 
3,798.17, while gaining issues led 
losing ones by an 7-to-4 ratio on 


U.S. Stock* 


the New York Stock Exchange. 

A government report show- 
ing that gains in consumer 
spending and income trailed 
economists’ expectations in 
June eased concents that rising 
inflation would prompt the Fed 
to adjust rates soon. 

out Dana traders remained 
unconvinced because of a 
strong report on manufacturing 
from the National Association 
of Purchasing Management A 

Weaker dollar also under min ed 
the bond market. 

The price of the benchmark 
30-year Treasury band finished 
flat at 86 13/32, and the yield 
was steady at 7.39 percent. 

Automotive issues led the ral- 
ly among stocks most sensitive 
to economic cycles. General Mo- 
tors jumped Hi to 52%. 


Steel slocks also were strong, 
with Bethlehem Steel getting an 
added lift horn its announce- 
ment that it would raise prices 
starting with Jan. 1 shipments. 
Bethlehem finished up 1% at 
23%. LTV also rose Hi, to 19%. 

American depositary receipts 
of the Swedish telecommunica- 
tions company LM Ericsson 
rose 1/32 to 1 31/32 tfter the 
company said it had signed its 
largest contract to date in Chi- 
na, a $400 million agreement 
with Guangdong Province. 

But drug stocks were weak, 
with Carter Wallace plunging 
4% to 10% after the Food and 
Drug Administration recom- 
mended that use of its Fefbatol 
anti-seizure drug be slopped be- 
cause several cases of severe ane- 
mia have been associated with h. 


Va Associated Ptet. 


M- 


The Dow 


Dairy «ps|nBs'd!.M 









Dow Jones Averages 


Own HW Low L«| 43m. 


InOB 3767.09 379M1 373043 379X17 +047 
Trans 1517.2* 101.17 1532*6 I589J4 +230 
164.13 1X9X? 10 3X9 1*9X9 ♦SX? 
Cor np 13Q1.S1 1311*3 129225 131175 - 10.10 


Standard A Poor 1 * Index** 


1KT 


NYSE Most Actives 


Schering-Plough, which li- 
censes the drug from Caiter- 
W allace for marketing outside 
North America, fell % to 62%. 


Newbridge Networks tum- 
bled 13 5/16 to 28% after the 
communications equipment 
maker said raining* for the 
quarter that ended last week 
would be well below analysts’ 
estimates and below the previ- 
ous quarter. 

(AP, Bloomberg, Knight-Bidder) 


DOLLAR: Effects of Trade Rift 


Continued from Page 9 
repeated their frequently stated 
threat to bring charges against 
the United States in the World 
Trade Organization if Washing- 
ton imposes unilateral sanc- 


Forofgn Exchange 


tions. Tokyo also refrained 
from some of the stern criticism 
it has used in recent months 
about U.S. trade practices. 

Mr. Murayama’s government 
has been in place just one 
month, and its disapproval rat- 
ings have so far been considera- 
bly higher than its approval 
score. Under such circum- 
stances, Mr. Murayama hardly 


wants to get into a high-profile 
the unit 


argument with the United 
States, Japan’s chief ally and 
largest export market. 

But it will probably be diffi- 
cult politically for Mr. Mur- 
ayama to accept the basic 


B*s easy fa rabsafte 
In Great Britain 
jmt call toUmc 

0 800 89 5965 


American goal to get accep- 
tance for some form of numeri- 
cal measurement to gauge Ja- 
pan’s imports of foreign 
products in specific sectors. 

Meanwhile, Japan’s media 
gave fairly prominent play to a 
story that seemed to suggest the 
Americans were untrustworthy 
trading partners. Johnson In- 
dustries Co. of the United 
States has canceled plans to 
supply parts to the Japanese 
truckmaker Hino Motors Ltd., 
citing growing demand at 
home, a Hino spokesman said. 

The spokesman said the 
Ohio-based company backed 
out of the deal m early May. 
saying it did not have enough 
stock to supply to Hino. 

Against other currencies, the 
dollar closed in New York at 
1.5798 Deutsche marks, down 
from 1.5829 DM on Friday, 
and at 13312 Swiss francs, 
down from 13395 francs. It was 
also quoted at 5.4000 French 
francs, down from 5.4095 
francs. 

The pound closed at $13353, 
compared with SI -5430. 

(Reuters, AFP, WP) 



VaL High 

Lew 

Last 

as- 

conwa 

5*390 10ft 

99k 

10ft 

—4ft 

GnMatr 

1 , . X J 

51ft 

52ft 

♦ 1ft 

Forts 


31ft 

31ft 

■M 

RJRNab 


A 

Aft 

♦ ft 

RJRpfP 


4ft 

Aft 

-ft 

Merck 

22006 39ft 

29ft 

29% 


Compaq s 

2T943 33ft 

31ft 

32 

♦ V. 

muwr 


Soft 

S*ft 

— fh 

BiockE 

19716 26ft 

36 

26ft 

♦« 


19590 61ft 

60ft 

61ft 

♦ft 




27ft 

+* 

LTV 


19ft 

19ft 

♦ 1ft 

IBM 

■i/ii-ff.vn 

61ft 

42ft 

+1 

Moranos 


51ft 

32 

-1ft 

Be+nsn 

1701* 23ft 

22ft 

23ft 

♦1ft 


NASDAQ Most Actives 



VoL High 

Lew 

Last 

CM. 

NewbNk 

169761 42 

26ft 

28ft 

—Uft. 

Cheat 

68446 22ft 
50128 UU 

20ft 

21«V« 


SWFtnd 

10ft 

lift 


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*9069 S3ft 

51ft 

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40734 24 

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37443 Wn 

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♦fti 

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37560 99ft 

58ft 

59ft 

♦ft 

DSC i 

36921 24>Vit 

23ft 

24ft 






♦ 3W 

Lotus 

22599 34ft 

32ft 

sm 

♦ 1ft 

MO 

22250 23ft 
20723 55ft 


23ft 

♦ ft 

3Com 

51ft 

53ft 

♦ ft 







19393 38ft 

37ft 

37ft 

—1 

ReacJRJ 

19275 15ft 

13ft 

15 

♦ 1ft 


AMEX Most Aethros 



VaL HMh 

Law 

Last 

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11745 1ft. 

1W., 

1ft. 

♦ ft 

Otnicp 

5191 Vu 

lb 

Vp 


SPDR 

4843 44ft, 

45%. 

46ft 

♦’£ 

IvcdcCd 

46*3 17ft 

14ft 

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ForsILb 

4352 42ft 

40 ft 

41 ft 

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ViacB 

4224 35ft 

34ft 

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EN5G06 

3293 17ft 

17ft 

17ft 

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■ ■ — ♦ 

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3182 3ft 

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3ft 

♦ ft. 

CheySII* 

2454 |ft 

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TownCtv 

2474 2ft 

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industrials 

Tram 

Utilities 

Flnanco 

SPSS 

SPIN 


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536*6 saw SUM +157 

HU 77 JU11 wii i- fl m 

16060 13BJ6 16060 +217 
4521 410 4SJ9 +0.17 
HU)! -45508 48UI1 +275 
KD3G eats +274 


NYSE Indexes 


Hteh Low Last On- 


CamaasiM 

indusrWs 

Tramp. 

UtHBv 

Rnonce 


252JS 2S4Q5 r 1.43 

JI101 311 JO 31101 -1X9 

244jj it/i r03a 

21270 209X9 21270 +275 
2124$ 2124* 21145 *064 


NASDAQ lndex«S 


rtoti Low Last cm. 


composite 

Induarkto 

Bonks 

limircnco 

Tronso. 


724*2 73295 734*2 *144 
729 JO 727 JIO 72771 —1X7 
IBM 7*254 7*777 -MO 
902J2 395.11 900X9 +490 
9X1J3 938.18 HUS +215 
7228* 718X5 725X6 +4*1 


EUROPEAN FUTURES 


Metals 


Prevtaw 


am 

BM Aik 

ALUMINUM (KM Draft) 

Dollars per metric too 

Spot 1415JN I42&M UWXO 14S1X0 

Fonmni 1479X0 U79XB 147M0 1479X0 
COPPER CATHODES fHWi Graft) 


Deters mr BtefriCtoa 


im HUM 243200 3439 no 
MUM 20400 MOOD 2*0X0 


Soot 
» 

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LEAS 
Dollars pot mafric too 
Spot WO! 587 JO 58350 98458 

Forward - mao mm mao ms n 

NICKEL 

Donors pot metric fan 

Soot *140X0 *15200 *20700 *21700 

*23200 *83500 <95800 *30500 


DbHms per metric too 
- ■ snsxo smm 5muo sn&oa 
sama smm snsxo sa&so 




to 


HMh Low Lost sem 

17*73 17458 17575 17435 +400 

TO75 17475 17973 17573 +S73 

17400 17173 17150 T7400 +50* 

stijs mm mxo mjo +sx* 

sir NX. NLT. .NJ. ttOSO +530 
ESL volume: 335*1. Open bit MISTt 


Air 


tXSSSVUCi 


sw 

oa 


otiXlt barrets 


M 1WI SS BS 


DK 


raw nu» 

182 123* 123* UJB +021 

l&B 1213 tB.15 1832 +01* 

1239 1211 1018 1210 +021 

1025 1001 TOD? 17JS +021 


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ZUKttPecblHta Grade) 

■RiwmmTMJM 


1015 1832 + 

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1218 1708 1771 1700 +017 

1777 173 TOB - 17X8 1 +217 

1700 1779 1738 17 JO +073 

1700 17X4 17X4 17X3 Now 

Ext. voturae: 5U44. Oran lot 1*3X43 


Mnw 

Spot *4*00 W7JM M2XQ WSJM 

mud mao W4joo msxo 


Stock Index** 


Financial 


Mob Law date CM am 

MKMTH STERLING < LI FEED 

IMiilM-ptiaf Mpct 


o«c 


AMEX Stock Index 


NM) Low LM aw. 

439X2 417X3 439X3 ♦ 1-93 


Dow Jones Bend A 


30 Bondi 
id mantes 
10 lodosmob 


9776 

5071 

HJ1X2 


cm 

— 019 
—035 
ftfl| 


NYSE Diary 


Advoncatf 


UnChonoad 
Total Issues 
New Highs 
New Lows 


1411 1*29 

801 *14 

*40 024 

2852 28*7 

a* 45 

29 44 


AMEX Diary 


DecEnod 
Unchanged 
TUtai Iuuk 
N ew Highs 
New Laws 


294 379 

274 310 

23* 224 

BD* B13 

17 14 

7 3 


NASDAQ Diary 


Advanced 


Undiomed 
Tam issues 
N e w H ig hs 
New LOWS 


1515 

14*9 

2093 

3079 

80 


1919 

131* 

1943 

5C7B 

*9 

n 


Market Sains 



Today 



4 DA 

cm. 

NYSE 

258.17 

318*9 

Amex 

1X06 


Nasdaq 

lamWkns. 

2S0X5 

300X1 


Spot CoM m odW— 


Today 


Commodity 

Aluminum. lb __ 

Cooper otedrolytici ib 1.1* 

Iron FOa tan 21300 

Laad.lb DJ8 

Silver, troy tn 5795 

Steel (scran), ton 119X7 

Tin. lb 15314 

Zinc, lb 04593 


0*58 

1.1* 

119*7 

SS3 


DK 


94.T7 

M • I ' M 

94*8 

+0.U 

mm 

93X1 


93J8 

+0X3 

Aei 

W 


92J3 

+0*2 

sra 

92X1 

m 

92JB 

ItedL 

oa 

ss 

91*8 

91*4 

91 JI 
91 J7 

zSS 

Dec 

Mar 


9IJ* 

91X8 

9095 

9073 

9073 

90*0 


9U2 —OBE 
9UB —001 

9057 -006 
907* —089 
90*3 —an 
9051 —087 


Estvakm: 78X74 Oran lnU‘ 536X81. 


3-MOHTH EURODOLLARS (UFFE7 
n naitaa - pfi oON pet 


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Mot N.T. 

Jon ar. 

SOP Hi 

E*L volume: Tffl. 

MKMTH EUROMARKS (U FEE) 
DMi raimoa - pn of m wa 


9490 9490 —OB 

N.T. 943* — OM 

N.T. 9LB2 —056 

N.T. 9371 — OM 

N.T. 93X4 —084 

Often OIL: 4788. 


98.16 

95.14 

94X2 

94X4 

9435 

94X4 

9383 

93X3 

93X5 

9333 

93X8 


95.12 

9587 


J *E*t volum^OBL Often Inti 795767. 
3-MOHTH PIBOM UUT1F} 
frs aOai - Pte i«f 188 pet 
Sop MXB 

Ok 943* 

Mar 940* 

Jh 9382 

Sep 93X1 


9453 

9429 

93X0 

93X0 

93X2 

ns 

9386 


9U4 


95.15 

98.12 

9471 

94X2 

9434 

9404 

93X4 

93X5 

93X8 

9373 

9X0B 

92M 


+082 
+ 085 
+007 

+085 
+0B 
+ 088 
+006 
+0X4 
+003 
+ 082 
+ 081 


Mar 9014 

JM1 9380 

EeL volume: 17X6*. Open ht: 183X63. 


MJ5 

MSB 

+0*3 

MZ1 

0424 

+8JB 

9X97 

0102 

+0*3 

9X77 

93X0 

+0X1 

9X34 

9X59 

+0*3 

9131 

9332 


9XM 

93J3 

+ CUM 

9X97 

92X7 

+0*1 




■9U89-Ptaa 

lop 10240 1014X1 in-18 — (ME 

DK N.T. N.T. WMO — MS 

Est volume: 47713. Open kit: 117X04 


OEilMAN OOVUajMENT BUND (UPPI) 


Sw 93X6 92X4 9340 +015 

Ok 9124 92X3 93.11 +0.11 

Est. volume: 82X60 Open inti 177X52. 

J 

Stp 117X8 1MJS 11776 +074 

Dec n«X4 116.11 116X2 +034 

Mb 11574 115X8 11572 +034 

ion N.T. N.T. 11474 +034 

Est volume: 65733. Often lirt.: 135746. 


Industrials 


Htab LOW LM SMHo Oltee 
GASOIL OPE) 

UX. doBon par metric tan-tots of IN Mm 
A ft 1*650 wun 16658 1*478 +6X0 

Sft 171X8 16688 169 JO 16978 + 675 

Oct 17378 1*9X0 17L7S 17178 +178 

NOV 178X0 171X0 173X0 17150 +575 

DK 17675 17X50 17125 17575 +575 


— snu 3089X 3H8J +OX 

taC 31 MX 3TMJ 3HOS +138 

Ett volume 7776. Often InL: *8.184. 


288188 3827X0 —11X0 
30MM SOaSXB —1US 
N.T. N.T. UnCjL 
ZQZ88 7X33M Zn*Ge — £8® 
714000 ZI4O0B 3141X0 —TUB 
Est volume: 10X88. Open tat: 4V68L 


N.T. 


Saarcn: Mat It, Anoelatoa Pratt, 
London Ian Haoodat torts B t O iaam 

um rt i u l MPDKt iano m. 


MvMwida 




IRREOaUR 

: a " K 

$Srs%?T : 5 Hf'« 

WP Reefs ADR b .196 6 10-J 

Wsfn Deep Leveti c 749 85 10-3 

tapping amount per share. 

ADR: 


Cent Jersey Fta . _ 10% M* ' 9-7 

' • STOCK SPLIT 
ThraeComCPStarlipltt 
OMITUD 

I VF America Pf 

CORRECTION 

aa asr 1 " 

Correct Inadates. 


.12 88 636 

85 843 


Equitable RE 


- JfS 8-12 8<n 


INITIAL 


, Fin .75+10+20 

Myers Indus n 84 9-12 MM 

Reuters HMxADRn c x« MS 946 
ooparex amount Per ADR. 







U.S. and Canada Settle Wheat Fi^t 

WMHINGTON J W whS'C S 

fiSSRlSMIS — «• * 

stcrjsssssassassg 

“Ifs not everything I wouidfike to 

^^=»{aiSs-«Si?£ 

ta.Mr. — e , 

for durum wheat, a variety grown 
Montana that is used to make pasta. 

Two Southern Banks to Become One 

WINSTON-SALEM, North Carolina (Bloomberg) — BB&T 
Financial Carp, and Southern National Corp. plan to merge ms 
522 baHon stock transaction aimed at P*JP™S f %” MJea3cd 
competition nationwide banking is ®pccted to bring, the conqia- 

™B<^^l^^^iiares wiH be swapped for stodc in fhe_ new 
company, to be called Southern National Crap. Ine 518 buIiOD 
bankww have a widespread branch nctworic in North .Carolina, 
ffo i th f’Rnnfina ^ nd pans of Virginia. r . . 

•Kntar Coral win acquire First Colonial Banksbares usp.ina 
atock-for- 5 todc transaction valued at S3I4 m i llion , fire companies 
said. Rrstar, vrtnch is the largest bank in Wisconsin. ^rth>14 
Hffion in assets, wffl exchange 0.7725 <rf its shares for each share 
of Hrst CotoniaTs Class A and Class B common stock. 


iV' 


■ te 


Sterling to Acquire Knowledge^Wkre 

ATLANTA (Bloomberg) — Sterfing Software Inc. said Mon- 
day it would pay S135 million, or about $7.85 a snare, for 
KnowledgpWaxe Inc, a move that affectively puts the former 
football star Fran Tarikenton on fire sidelines. 

lac stock-swap transaction settles concerns over the future of 
Knov^^eWaxc, a farmer high-flier whose fortunes began to 
wane in 1991 as its mainstay fore, mainf r ame computer software, 
started to become obsolete. Mr. Tarkenton, chairman and chief 
executive of KnowIedgeWare, vriB join Sterimg*s board but will 
not have a operational role. 


Fine Imposed on Nintendo in U.S. 

NEW YORK (Reuters) — A federal jury ruled Monday that 
Nintendo of Amecica, a imit of Nintendo Cos. of Japan, must pay 
$2083 ntiPifm for infringing on a patent in its 


The Manhattan federal jury found that the Redmond, Wasb- 
iugton,subs£aiy of the video game maker was liable but that the 
Japanese parent was not- Jolm Kirby, a lawyer for Nintendo, said 
tire company would rede US, Distract Judge Kimba Wood to 
throw out the damage award. If she refuses, it win turn to the 
Second Orcmt Count of Appeals. 


For the Record 



acquire IDB Com* 
(Bloomberg) 


venture to produce and market 


StetSpA s»d they would form a 
pgiycmylene in Europe. (AFX) 


U.S. Data on Incomes Point to Economic Slowdown 


cents a share fnma45 


dividend to 50 
(Bloomberg Reuters) 


The Associated Press 

WASHINGTON — Americans' income 
rose a scant 0.1 percent in June, the fifth 
straight increase, but failed to keep pace 
with a 0.4 percent spending rise, the gov- 
ernment said Monday. 

The June figures for spending and In- 
come are slightly lower than projections of 
most economists and may suggest an econ- 
omy that is growing at a slower pace. 

At the same time, an unexpected gam in 
the National Association of Purchasing 
Management’s July survey suggested that 
the manufacturing sector remained robust 


going into the second half of the year, 
analysts said. 

The survey’s overall index rose to 57.8 
percent, a six-year high, from 57 S percent 
in June. 

The Commerce Department reported 
that consumer spending, which represents 
two-thirds of U.S. economic activity, was 
up for the second straight mouth and four 
of the last five. The June increase matched 
the 0.4 percent advance for May. 

Income had risen 0.4 percent in May 
and the last time it fell was In January, 
when it slipped 0.6 percent Disposable 


income rose 0.1 perc e nt in June after a I 
percent increase in May. 

In another repo rt, the government said 
construction spending inched up 0.2 per- 
cent in Jane. Spending an residential, non- 
resideatial and government projects to- 
taled $508 billion at'a seasonally adjusted 
annual rate; up from a revised $507 2 bil- 
lion in May. 

The figures indicated that Americans’, 
savings rate, or savings as a percentage of 
disposable income, was 4 percent in Jane, 
down from a revised 43 percent the previ- 
ous month. 


Offie* 


The Associated Press 

LOS ANGELES — *The Mas^ 1 dominated the U. S. box office 
with a gross of SZ3.5 rnffi m aver tire weekend. Following are the 
Top 10 moneymakers, based on Friday ticket sales and estimated 
sales for Saturday and Sunday. 


i-nteHtaiir 
T-'TontMOome. 
l*Tnte Lte** 
4,-TJteOIM! 1 . ■ 

i-Tl»IJoalClft- 
L-ttCoeMHoppontoYeu- 
7.-AnaM* btRwOaMoW* 
ArSftteT 

tn josb " 

HL -Black Boaanr 


WtaUteOww) 
(Poromoonrf 
fTu auftin Canturf Fax) 
tmrmrBnatmtl- - 
mrnntmfi 
(Tristan . .. 

(mttbirnM ‘ 

aymatfoth Cmturyf^*} 
(Pmaamn . 
OWnivAraBMai; 


S23Smlfl)oii 

imZ mU/Jon 

SiaxmHSon 
SlUnitHIcai 
WXmlWon 
SU million 
SijmUDaa 
B7rnUkn 
iMmOBon 
SUmffilon 


NT! 


WORLD STOCK MARKETS 


Aganee Rivcf Prana Aug. 1 


Amsterdam 


ABN Amro HM 
ACF HoWlng 

» 

AkzoNotwl 

AMEV 

Bais-Wmonan 
CSM 
DSM 
Eiievlar 
Fakkar 
Gh+Brnadn 
HBG 
Hvkwken 
Hoooavans 




IHC . . . . 
infer Moat lor 
Inn Nodertond 
KLM„_ 
KNPBT 
KPN 
NodHnyd 
Oca Grliftn 
Pafctioad 
pmnm 
Pdv wr om 
Rotoeco 
Rodomco 
Rollncs 
Ronmta 
Royol Dutch 
Stark 
Un Haver 
Von omtneran 
VNU 


*0.10 59 JO 
44X0 44X0 
9HJ0 97 JO 
46X0 4* 

21470 214X0 
7580 75.10 
39 JO 3970 
49 MX 
M4J0 14270 
161X0 148J0 
15-10 16.10 

5W8 

MB WJ 

230X0 229 

80 79X0 
76 7550 

41X0 41. W 

81 81 

81X0 BOJO 
SS.T0 5470 
49.40 4* 

58.S3 50 

7280 70.90 
78J0 77X0 

51JD 51 JO 

S40 5150 


77.10 77 JO 
116X0 


1177a I 

5520 S5JP 

1 19.10 
87X0 ■ 
199X0 199ft 
48JO 48.10 
190X0 109 JS 
5X50 S2J0 
18240 10170 


87X0 

199X0 


Woltan/Kluwer 11550 11150 


Brussels 


AG Fin, 

Almanll 

Arbcd 

Bares 

BBL 

BeKoon 

CBR 

CMB 

SSwin 

Cabana 

Calniyl 

Dentate 

EtecHteOH 

Etactronna 

GIB 

GBL _ 
Cawa art 

Gtaverbei 

IroniaMt . 

Kmflettmnk 


PWro On a 
Pawarfln 
Recttort . 
RoyateBataa 
SocGtn 


2605 2800 
7650 7640 
4800 4740 
2510 2400 
_4100 _4180 
27300 27300 

12125 121 25 

2420 2420 
1900 1990 
194 193 

6000 5970 
7m 7400 

1284 1270 

sara sroo 
3300 3350 
1390 1376 
4100 4100 
9790 9850 
4900 4030 

3100 3080 

6830 &B30 
1484 1482 
10400 10X75 
3175 3145 
518 514 

5590 5590 

k m PM 


SojjMnBoSg^M 2300 .2203 


Sofvov 

Tesscnovto 

Tracteftt 

UCB 

Union MMarv 

Wagon Ub 


SE3 


14« 

15975 15*50 
10825 10725 
10175 10200 
34575 24425 
2550 2545 
7430 7430 
■76X7X1 


Frankfurt 


Alcatel SEL 

Allianz HoM 

Altana 

A3ko 

BASF 

Baiv 

Bov. Hypo Bank 


Bay Vtrohiabfc 

BHFBonk 
BMW _ 
Canunsntnnk 
Conttawitel 
DolmterBenz 


179 179 
3*5 ass 
2472 2455 
*10 604 

999 980 
XBUD3HX0 

vi ai nut nn 

432 431 


470 4*8 
715 3®2 

393 394 

1*1.50 8*7 
338 337 JO 
267X03*850 
800 80S 
49050 494 

2S8254X0 

□outsdie Bank 733JD73IJD 
Dauom 490 487 

Dresft*r Bank 3B8«m^ 
F*WffW< W* , 30950 

FKruapHoesch 21M0 215 

Horsener m 3K 

Henkel, »9S9tS0 

Hadittef 92* 93* 

HoactiH 5^34490 

tWinan W S3 

Horten 25-nJ™ 

IWKA 38637870 

KoH Sate 13813950 

Korstadl 50 566 

Kauftxrt , 492 4M 

KHO 128X0 125 

KJOKkMTHWkelSOJO 151 
LM* 
tuRtwnsa 
MAN 

ffisssr 

Moencn Rursk 

PanOW 

PfflHWC 
FWA 
RWE 


917 925 
2I1J8 JW 
44* 438 

440 439 

223J0 222 
2995 2985 
840 830 
45X70 456 
23523UQ 
44X9044250 


OoMPraw. 



Helsinki 


Amer-Ylilyma 125 124 

ElHD-GulMfl 43X0 4250 

Huntamaki TO 172 

icap. ia» 10.M 

Kymmone 125 121 

Metro 174 174 

Nokia 511 502 

Pohlota *9 70 

Renata 9490 VSJ® 

Stockmam 211 2is 




Hong Kong 

Bk East Aft 3238 3210 
Cathay Padflc 1290 1250 
Chamg Kang 39.10 37.90 
anna Ltaht Pwr 41X0 4060 
Oahy Farm Inn II JO 10X0 
Hang Luna Dev UX5 1175 
Hang Sana Bank 5550 5475 
Hemtefi o n Land 40 l70 m.m 
4450 4370 
14X0 14X0 
2370 23X0 
28X5 2030 
21 2070 
94X0 93 

11X5 11X0 
1575 15X0 
1520 1505 



Land Sec 
Laaorte 
Lorn 

Legal Gen Grp 
UoydsBcsA 
Mark* Sp 
MEPC 
Natl Power 
NatWwt 
Nth Wat Water 


p»o 
PRMnatan 
PawarGcn I 
Prudential 


RmifcOra 
“ M Col 


hk Air Ena. 
na Gas 


HK China 
HK Electric 
HK Land 
HK Realty Truri 
HSBC Holdings 
HK Shone Hits 
HKTetecnmm 
HK Femr 


Hutch Whampoa 3550 3550 


Hyson Dev 
Janflne Math. 

Jortflne Str Hid 
Kowloon Matar 
Uandar In Orient 
Miramar Hotel 

New World Dev 
SHK Frees 
Stelux 

Swire Puc A ... _ 

Tal Cheung Pros 1180 12X0 
TVE 3X0 3X0 

Wharf Hold 32X0 3240 
wing on Co inti UJD iixo 
Wlnsor Ina 11X5 11X5 

: 9*83X8 


■■22.15 

62.75 *3 

29 JO 28X5 
16X0 16X0 
10.10 10201 
2170 2150 
2553 3493 
5275 5B5B 
2.95 2X6 
6525 6173 1 


Johannesburg 

AECI 
Aitech 
Anglo Amer 


Bartow* 
Blyvoor 
Buffete 
Dc Beers 
Drletontofn 
Genror 
GFSA 
Harmony 
Hlshvoid Steel 
KlOOf 

NodbankCrp 
Rondlontata 
RlHPlOt 
SA Brews 
St Helena 
SaiM 


24 2350 
118 118 
25B Z4A 


33^ 33JD 


9X0 
45 4* 

It 

oss ax 

11X0 11.90 

m in 

25 25 


58JS 5850 
33 3150 
4875 4850 
103 1D4 

8850 8750 
NA 45 
28 2BL3S 
194 194 


assess 


184 

5X1 

2X9 

2X9 


London 

Abbev Hart 
Allied Lyons 
ArloWkwtns 
A/yyll Grew 

ASS Brtt FOPdS V2 

-‘T 9.72 

499 

Bank Scotland 1X5 
Barclavs 

Rmx 

BAT 
BET 

Blue Circle 
BOC Group 
Boots 
Bowotar 
BP 

Bril Alrwavs 
Bril Gas. 

Bril Steel 
Brit Telecom 
BTR _ 

Cade Wire 
Cadbury SDi 

r in wteBn 

Coats vireilo 
Comm llntofl 
Ceuriaulds 
ECC Group — - 

ErterarbeOH 
Eurtrtul l ™t , 133 


556 

156 

4X5 

1.18 

3.15 

7X9 

S3B 

4X3 

4.12 

4.17 

174 

156 

169 

373 

4J5 

453 

106 

114 

5X9 

5X9 

3X0 


398 

SJ2 

2X7 

3X6 

573 

951 

456 

1X5 

£S 

551 

4X2 

1.14 

113 

7X6 

577 

4J7 

4.13 

472 

2X8 

157 

1*8 

M9 


4J2 

10 * 

2.11 

5X7 

526 

379 

4J» 

II* 


Reck! It I 
Redland 
Read Inti 
Reutan 
RMC Group 
Rolls Ravce 
Ralhmnlunll) 
Royal Scot 
RTZ 

Salisbury 
Scot Newan 
Soot Power 
Stan 

Severn Trert 

Shell 

Siebo 

Smith Nephew 
SmflhKUne B 


Smith. (WH) 
ikmee 


Sun Alik 

Tote a Lyte 

Tetco 

Thorn EMI 

Tomkins 

TCBGreup 

Unilever 

UMBbcults 

Vodafone 

War Loan 3W 

lHItatlrnn i ■ 
llVHUmic 

wmihmxJ 
Williams Httas 
Willis Camion 
I.T.J 


Close Pm 

U4 

1J4 

238 

232 

2X2 

2X2 

4X6 

5*9 

&71 

372 

4.17 

4.10 

1*8 

1X8 

4X4 

4.42 

5L78 

570 

2*0 

250 

1*9 

1*8 

I s1 

7X9 

BJ6 

835 

4X9 

4X7 

5 

5*2 

OO 

170 

6J7 


7J8 

775 

1J1 

1X7 

id 

454 

5J5 

5X4 

428 

432 

<LS9 

455 

4X5 

4X7 

4J5 

4X9 

5J0 

5J2 

4J4 

4*4 

4*4 

4JB 

1*4 

l.M 

5XB 

5.10 

3X6 

3*7 

4.10 

412 

5*6 

5*4 

5J7 

9X0 

7JS 

7X0 

4*9 

466 

9J9 

151 

1*2 

1*2 

345 

3*4 

X78 

3X6 

802 

8*3 

4.11 

408 

SL20 

537 

1*7 

374 

LIS 

1.15 

5X5 

5X7 

7X5 

7J1 

6 

595 

152 

1J3 

4.11 

408 

452 

460 

120 

X32 

437 

428 

2J7 

233 

WU3 

102* 

2J3 

222 

2X7 

2X6 

KUO 

1X11 

X25 

126 

1X6 

1X4 

41X1 

40*1 

4J0 

6J9 

5J2 

539 

164 

3*2 

1X3 

MJO 

1-33 

; : 3097X0 


Madrid 


BBV 3155 2088 

BCO Central Hlso. Z77B 2650 
Banco Santander 5200 son 


Banesto 
CEPSA 
Omoodw 
Endesa 
Ercrai 
Iberdrola 
Regml 
Tcbocataro 
Telefonica 


HUD M15 
3310 3100 
2115 2070 
6260 *130 
187 177 

970 946 
4245 4150 
3700 3MQ 
1870 I860 

ZtissftMr-” 7 * 


Milan 


Banco Comm 
BastogJ 

Benetton group 


Cred Ital 

Enl diem 

Ferfln 

Ferftfl Rise 

Flat SPA 

Ftnmeccanfcn 

Generali 

IFI 

IPIL 

ttalcom 

Itatoas 

HalmabUkre 

MedtobancD 

Monted is on 

Olivetti 

Pirelli 

RAS 

Rtnascente 
SotPem 


4800 4875 
160 1*0 
24300 24300 
1110 1103 
2*06 2*35 
2230 2185 

sneo ~ann 

2025 SOS 
1250 1263 
*960 6940 
1833 1640 
42350 42100 
29S5D 6840 
<805 68*0 
13278 131*0 
5480 5410 
44750 44800 
1520015X15 
1494 1493 
2400 2615 

5180 5250 
2615025738 
10080 9975 
4190 4090 


San Paolo Torino 9730 9g0 

SIP 45DS 4303 

SMC 3895 3865 

Snta 24(0 1455 

StamJO ^}37»0 

Stef _ SUSP .5215 
Tor6 A$S| RBP 38850 28808 




Montreal 


AleanAlimiliwm 34ft 34 
BonkMontraO* X TPk 
U IlCenoft 


Bombardier B 
Cambtor 
Qnqidt J 
Dominion Tad A 
Donohue A 
MacMillan Bl 
NflH BkGonada 
Power Corp. 


TeteBtobe 

Vtaeotron H 


19M T94fc 
18 THMi 
71* 71* 

12% 121ft 

18 % in* 

8» 81ft 
19% 19% 
19Vk lWtr 
17H 17*. 
17ta t7M 
181ft Wta 
121ft 121ft 
T91U2 


Parts 

Aecor , *78 *99 

AtrUoutcle 809 83D 

AlcotM Alithom 6SB 648 

Aft 365 267 JO 

Boncolre I del 513 521 

BlC 1297 1293 

BNP 25BXO261J0 

Bouroues 619 621 

Danocie 835 818 

Corr+four 2D51 2074 

CCF. 221150 22970 

Ceras 11560 113 

Chorgeurs 1425 1419 

Omenls Franc 321X0313X8 


Oub Med 412 416 

EteAaultatoe 41650 415 


Euro Dhnev 10.10 9J5 

Gen. Ecu* 565 371 

Havas 4S2 459 

I metal 381 sbj 

Lafaroe Coppea 44X10439X0 


Lyon. Eoux 

Oreol ilt 

L.VJVLH. 

Motro-Hochette 

Michritn B 

Mudlne* 

Paribas 

k lnM 

Pernod- ftlcard 
Peugeot 
PlncnHI Print 

niiiMmai ilnute 
Korawircnrauuf 

Rh-PoulencA 
Raft. SI. Laub 
Sanofl 

SaWt Gabafai 
SJEi. 

Ste Generate 
Sum 

Thonuon-CSF 

Total 

UJLP. 

Valeo 
CAC40 


545 542 

1229 1229 
871 869 

117119X0 
26029MB 
I24T2040 
39490 370.10 
1*7 169 

33770 340 

899 850 

977 974 

483 476 

128X0132X0 
1631 1624 

959 964 

*75 681 

544 545 

597 W6 
272.10 278 


■H3UX0 


3D9XaMli 
15120 15490 
290X0283201 


Sao Paulo 


Banco do Brasil 

Banesno 

Braftsco 

BnAna 

C emta 

EteirsSrra 



Markets Qosed 
Stock markets in 
Toronto and Zurich 
were closed Monday 
for holidays. 

Stock prices from 
Singapore and 
Stockholm were not 
available due to 
problems at the 
source. 


Amcor 
ANZ 
BMP 
Boral 

BougMnvtfto 
Cotas WWW 


45% 458b iComaka 


Sydney 

9X2 9 JO 
4J2 All 
19X0 18.98 

& tt 

43* 4X1 

5X5 5X4 


ClanPrav. 


CRA 

CSR 

Fosters Brow 
Goodman Field 
ICI Australia 
Magellan 
MIM 

Nat Aust Bank 
News carp 
Nine Network 
N Broken Mil 
Pac Dunlap 
Pioneer Inll 
Nmndy Poseldun 
OCT Resources 

Santas 

TNT 


VtOOdSSt 


18X4 1874 
4X1 476 
1.11 til 
1X5 1X3 
I1J8 11.10 
1-95 J9S 
3X2 3 

11-22 11.16 
890 870 
4X1 4X4 
3XB 14? 
453 452 
3X3 3 

2.17 ZI7 
1X4 1X3 
376 193 
2X0 270 
7X5 7 JO 
478 4X4 
4X5 4XZ 
M2.H 


Tokyo 


Akcd Electr 
Asofil Chemical 
Asohl Glass 
Baikal Tokyo 
Bridgestone 
Canon 
Casio 

Oaf Nippon Print 1890 1930 
Dalwa House 1450 1470 
□alwo Securities 1590 lira 


473 480 
766 780 
1190 1180 
1550 1550 
1408 1648 
1720 1710 
1190 1228 


Faroe 
Full Bank 


. Jltsu 
Hitachi 
Hitachi Cable 


Ito YafcadD 
Itochu 

Japan Airlines 
Knllma 
Kansol Power 
Kawasald Steel 
Kirin Brewery 
Komatsu 


4260 4330 
2260 2260 
2220 2218 
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969 965 

890 092 

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722 730 

730 740 

966 972 
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1220 1240 
953 950 


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Matsu Elec Wks 
Mitsubishi Bk 
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NiKko Securities 
Nippon jCoeaku 
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Sanya Elec 
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Sumitomo Bk 
Sumitomo Cham 
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Tutaei Cora 
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Tokyo EtocPw 
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U.S. Shoe Rejects 
Nine West’s Offer 


Reuters 


CINCINNATI — U.S. Shoe Corp- said 
Monday the merger proposal it had re- 
ceived from Nine West Group still had all 
tire drawbacks of a proposal rejected by 
shareholders at the company’s annual 
meeting two months ago. 

U.S. Shoe’s president, Bannus Hudson, 
said the proposal called for a spin-off of 
the company's optical and apparel busi- 
nesses, ideas its shareholders defeated in a 
vote at the annual meeting. 

The chairman. Charles Meehan, said 
U.S. Shoe had just finished evaluating re- 
“ * 5 the company in accordance 

with another shareholder vote and said this 
was not the time for the company to recon- 
sider its position. 

Despite the rejection. Nine West, a 
women’s footwear company, apparently 
has not given up its pursuit of the shoe and 
apparel company. 

The Nine West chairman, Vincent Ca- 
rauto, said his company remained con- 
vinced that “the logic of a transaction such 
as this and its ability to create immediate 
and long-term shareholder value” were un- 
deniable. 

He added, “The complementary portfo- 
lio of brands and styles and the fit of the 


manufacturing, marketing and sourcing 
capabilities of the operations that would 


result can create a strong company whose 
earnings, we estimate, would snow little or 
no dilution in the first full year, and be 
accretive to earnings thereafter.” 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 2, 1994 


Page 11 


-TTTrni 




Home Prices lift 
Abbey National 


Ce * Mi9 0*Suff F «m l IfyBkAa 

; w ' ? .. , — Abbey Nation- 

■*». . al “LC said Monday that high- 

Pri«s helped lift its 
i D • first-half pretax profit by 41 
Of?<w percent and that it would ex- 
p™ its insurance business 
f " 1 4 ***,. through a venture with Com- 
.?<?_ ******1 Union PLC 
■ : -ic ■?'. The second-largest mortgage 

’ '■‘■s’.;- lender in Britain said H earned 
, £423 million ($648 million) be- 

i. {•• ''U . fore taxes in the first ax months 


-a - .. 


of 1994, up from £301 mfllionin 
the 1993 first half. 


% The bash said more people 
"T'C;- were buying higher-priced 
- -■ V homes and fewer were backing 
. ‘. v Vl out of the payments. Abbey re- 
'dueed its provision for ted 
"■ ‘ ' ^ debts to £41 mfliinn from £159 

million a year ago. 

But the bank’s net interest 
« r : income slipped to £642 million 
: from £645 million- and its net 
: . -« interest profit margin fell to 

'* ; ’’ 1-60 percent from 1.85 percent, 
r . The bank said interest in- 
: : , come was not greatly affected 

: -.-spm. ” by turbulence in the bond, mar- 
'i ket this year because of controls 
: . v_ ■> in the bank’s treasury opon-. 
*■ .7 dons and its policy of loddng in 
, a ‘ spreads on investments. 

But investors had other ideas 
and sent the bank’s shares to a 


12-month lowon the London 
Stock Exchange. 

: Abbey National shares fin- 
ished at 384 pence, down 14, 
despite the bank’s decision to 
raise, its fust-half dividend to 
5.7 peace a share from 4.15 

The venture between Abbey 
and Commercial Union, in 
which Abbey will sell general 
insurance policies at its 675 
branches, was greeted warmly 
by Commcraal’s shareholders. 
Commercial finished at £549, 
up 2 pence. . 

The joint venture will consist 
of two operations: a business 
unit and a dedicated underwrit- 
ing company. Abbey will pro- 
vide 75 percent of the capital 
for the business unit, while 
Commercial- will inject 85 per- 
cent of the foods for the under- 
writing arm. 

Peter Birch, the chief execu- 
tive of Abbey, said he expected 


Estonia Going to Market 

Vouchers Now Can Be Turned Into Stock 


the joint venture to produce 
profit in excess of £100 million 


Ratios 

TALLINN, Estonia — Investors looking 
for a stake in Estonia’s economy win get their 
first chance to buy shares of enterprises this 
month when vouches distributed last year 
gain a new lease of life. 

The vouchers, used so far to buy land or 
property, can be exchanged for shires start- 
ing tins month. 

A brewery and a central Tallinn depart- 
ment store are first on the list. KaJev, the siate 
chocolate factory, and Estonian Tobacco will 
come next. 

“We mc trying to provide a good vehicle 
for voucher investors, 1 ” said Alan Morley- 
Fletcher, a consultant here representing a 
European Union project caged Phare, “tins 
is one of the essential processes in setting up a 
strong, healthy stock market.’* 

Phare aids economic and democratic re- 
form in Central and Eastern Europe. 

Estonia regained its status as an indepen- 
dent country in 1991 after four decades under 
Soviet rule. 

Economic reforms since then have brought 


profit in excess cf £100 million 
within five years. 

Meanwhile, - Abbey said 
Monday its Me insurance busi- 
ness earned £47 mfflion in the 
first half, up from £18 million a 
year earlier. • . 


in the first fully convertible currency in the 
former Soviet Union. Estonia's inflation is 


(Bloomberg. Reuters, AFX) 


former Soviet Union. Estonia's inflation is 
among the lowest in the 15 countries that 
emerged from the former superpower, and 
monetary and budgetary policies are tight 
But privatization has trailed other reforms. 
No companies have yet been offered for pub- 
lic sale, and there is no stock market worthy 
of mention. 


Vouchers — issued to individuals at nomi- 
nal prices linked to the number of years they 
bad worked — were not part of the sell-off. 

Mr. Moriey-Fletcher said mass privatiza- 
tion for vouchers was important to give com- 
panies broader ownership. 

“Under the current system, where there are 
frequently only one or two shareholders per 
Estonian firm, an institutional stock-market 
becomes open to corruption,” he said. 

The government had resisted the idea of 
selling state companies for vouchers — a 
model already adopted in other countries of 
Eastern Europe and especially in Russia. In- 
stead, it sold companies by international 
tender or by auction. 

But Estonia passed a law at the end of June 
allowing voucher.holdeis to sell them to other 
people who have lived in the Baltic state for 
more than 15 years. 

The move will open the door to the estab- 
lishment of privatization funds and to the 
auction of shares for vouchers. 

The decision has prompted criticism from 
opposition deputies afraid that “dubious cap- 
ital" will flow into Estonia. 

“In my opinion the tradabflity of vouchers 
will anty provide opportunities for non- Esto- 
nians who want to buy land in this country," 
said an opposition member of Parliament, 
Liina Tamsson. 

She said trading vouchers would cause in- 
flation, which has just started to fall after a 
series of higber-ihan-expected monthly price 
rises this year. 


BT to Pare 
Job Rolls 
ByaThird 


Frankfurt 

DAX 

230O~- 


Mortgages Helped Hypo-Bank’s Net in First Half • fobIess 

Confuted by 0*r Staff Fnm Dispatches “The turbulence On the SecU- Jt 

MUNICH — Buoyant mart- „ r . n , , n i. riiies and foreign-uchange 

Court Lists Balsam’s Debts 


LONDON — British Tele- 
communications PLC said 
Monday it planned to cut 

50.000 jobs — one-third of its 
wok force — “over the next 
several years." 

Britain's biggest telecom- 
munications company has cut 

90.000 jobs in the past four 
years and already plans to ebm- 
inate 15,000 this year, including 

6.000 executive posts. 
Chairman Iain Vallance was 

quoted as saying he thought the 
ideal size for BTs work force 
would be about 100 , 000 , and a 
BT spokesman confirmed the 
anticipated job cots. 

The spokesman would not 
provide a precise timetable. 
“Job cuts wul continue over the 
next several years,” be said. Mr. 
VaDance said he oould not rule 
out compulsory layoffs. 

The group is understood to 
be experiencing greater prob- 
lems as job cuts move toward 
management levels. This year. 
BT plans to shed more than 

6.000 of its 35.000 managers. 
Mr. VaDance also said that 

the British regulatory system 
should be overhauled to man- 
age the growth of sophisticated 
services. 

He said the ideal regulatory 
structure would take on the re- 



London : 

FT5E 100 index 

2500 

m—. 


Parte . . 

CAC40 


7nmn 

1993 

Exchange- inde 


2900 !-*— 

^mrsr frv ■ 

199$... 



Monday 
Close ' 


,1983 .. 

Prev;. r ; 


Amsterdam 
Brussels > 
Frankfurt 
FrmftftirT*^ 
Helsinki 


AEX 

Stock index 
DAX • 
FAZ 
HEX 


London 

Madrid- 

Milan 

Parte 


Financial Times 30 2.*m30 . 
FTSE100 ■ 3.097,40 

■General Index . 31728.'. 

MLB 1,145.00 


Close Ckjssr' ; 'v i dttin£je 
413,14 ; 

7^8l" -;7^164S v 
2,153.79 2,146^4,^+0.33 
815459 •“ ; SiiSS : 3 +6 ^ 
1^6062 )$4 

2,40830 2,39£&™" : &.GZ 
3.097.40 3.082.60 ;• 

317J5 . . ■ 3V1.<B +1,99 
1,145.00 1.146JDQ -0,09 


Vtenria 

Zurich 


CAC40 
Aftaersvaeriden 
Stock index 
SBS . 


2^06958 


N JL 
457 ^3 
Closed 


' L90S.66, r ■ 
452.83 ■■■+1.10 
■fl 16.15 -• 


Sources; Reuters, AFP 


Unenaiionl Herald Trifanm 


Very briefly: 


• Fokker NV said that over the next 20 years it expected world- 
wide demand to teach about 3,500 40- seal to 125 -seal aircraft. 


sponsibilities of the Office of Bilsoui AB from Incentive AB. 


• Italy’s statistics bureau said retail sales rose 7.7 percent in the 
first quarter from a year earlier and noted a 15 percent year-on- 
year increase in first-quarter food sales through small outlets, 
while nonfood sales rose 4.2 percent 

• Christian Dafloz SA, a French safety-equipment maker, said it 
had agreed to acquire the Swedish protective-eannuff maker 


i gage lending offset a dramatic 
' decline in income from its own 
' trading activities to allow 
Bayerische Hypotheken- & 
WechseLBank AG to report 
first-half operating profit Mon- 
.- day of 4833 million Deutsche 
^ marks ($302.9 miffion), roughly 
unchanged from a year eaxher. 

German banks, however. 


PARIS — French unemploy- 


own- trading mid commission roall f OT time in 


tires with half of the previous 
.* year’s total to smooth out fliic- 
. , tuations. Using that enmpari- 
. son, operating profit was 6.6 
percent lower. 


_ Hypo-Bank* which is Germa- 
ny’s fif th-largest bank and was 
'heavily exposed to the cofiapse 
of the Schneider property em- 
pirc, said it expected nskprovi- 
-* sions this year to be about the 
v -same as last year. The bank had 
"* 468 million DM tied up in the 

Schneider collapse but said this 


Compiled by Onr Staff From Dtopendta 

' BIELEFELD, Germany — Bankruptcy proceedings for the 
German sprats flooring maker Balsam AG opened Monday 
in a district court as an official listed the company’s debts at 
23 billion Deutsche marks (S1.6 billion). . 

The estimate was by Hartmut Stange. a court official 
who is expected to be ^pointed adnumstraior of the company. 

A prosecutor said potential losses far creditor banks, in- 
cluding Deutscte Bank AG and Bayerische Vereinsbank AG, 
could traal 13 bflHm to 1.7 billion DM. ' 

Balsam was forced into bankruptcy after its entire manage- 
ment board was arrested on suspicion of fraud several weeks 
ago. Procedo GmbH, afactraing group whose main client was 
Balsam, also has since filed fra protection from creditors. 

“i (AFP, Reuters) 


earnings,” the bank said. 


four years, the Labor Ministry 


They were more or less whai said Monday, but the figures 
we predicted,” said Thomas did not give any conclusive evi- 
Pcrgande. analyst at Vereins- & deoce that the trend had been 


Pergande, analyst at Vereins- & dence th 
Westbank. “All the banks are reversed, 
probably going to report a d* i imed . 


Telecommunications, the tele- 
com watchdog; the Indepen- 
dent Television Commission, 
which oversees pan of the 
broadcasting industry, and sev- 
eral other departments. 

( Bloomberg , AFP) 

■ New Stet Quef Is Named 
The SIP SpA chairman, Er- 
nesto Pascale, has been ap- 


June data showed the season- 


dinem ronumssion income and ^ adjusted number of people 
own-tradi ng fo r the first half, mt ^ work feI1 ^ j 3,000 from 


• Canto Investment AB said it sold its BOsom personal protection 
equipment unit to Christian DaOox SA of France. 

• Arab Rmlmg CoqK, one of the biggest international Arab banks 
in terms of assets, said its pretax profit in the first six months of 
2994 rose to $ 79 million from $74 million a year earlier. 

» Iveco, the truck division of the Fiat group, made a bid for the 
Egyptian state-owned vehicle maker Nasr Automotive Mantrfac- 
turing Co. 

• Spie-BatigooBes SA sales fell to 8.4 billion French francs ($13 
million) in the first half from 93 billion francs a year earlier. 


but in the coursed the year this May. Unemployment still stood 
could change- at 33 million, but the jobless 

The German stock market rate was listed as 12.6 percent, 
shrugged off the news. Shares in 


down from May’s record 12.7 


Hypo-Bank lost 030 to dose percent. The number of unem~ 


would sot change the amount 
set aside for bad debt. 

The bank did not provide a 
fignre for risk provisions, but 
HarOnnt Pfeiffer, a spokesman, 
said half-year: provisions 
amounted to.half .me fuB-year 


figure. In 1993, Hypo-Bank 
provided 1.16 billion DM for 
loan losses. . 

; Hypo-Bank said operating 
profit been dragged down 
after trading income tumbled 
83 percent, to 13.9 million DM. 


floor trading at 432 DM. 

The riarlmf* in trading in- 
come was partly offset by an 


ployed people was 5.4 percent 
higher than in June 1993. 

A ministry spokesman said it 


rated managing director of m 11WUI uu “ uu a ^ “ 1U “- 

icieti Finannana Telefonica • Spain plans to set up a 100 billion peseta (S760 million) credit 
>A, or Stet, AFP-Extel News tine at interest rates five percentage {Mints below current market 
ported from Rome Mr. Pas- rates for the purchase of new industrial vehicles, 
le will replace Michele Tedes- • Zimbabwe's construction workers walked off the job to press for 
chi, who is replacing Romano higher pay. 

Prodi as chairman of DU SpA. m new-business registrations in the former East Germany 

MI 10 percent in the fiwt six months of 1994. 

Mr. Tedeschi said. Telecom Ita- • The Czedi Republic’s two biggest truckmakere, Tatra Koprivnice 
lia will be formed from the and Liaz, arc 
merger of Italy’s five domestic and die loss 
telecommunications firms, all • Swedish ne 
of them controlled by Stet ea rlier. 


increase in net interest income was the first real drop in nnem- 
of 12 percent to 1.99 tallica plpymeat since July 1990. 


DM. Hypo-Bank specializes in 
mortgage lending, and the bank 
said interest income was lifted 


and are talking about a merger. Both are burdened with debt 
and the loss of traditional markets. 


and the loss of traditional markets. 

• Swedish new -car registrations rose 14 percent in July from a year 


earlier. 


Return. Bloomberg^ FX 


^ da ^£^!&5 AIRPLANE: Insiders’ Pyramid Game Raises Ethical Issues 


■ Gentiaued fnm Page 9 


“The ethical nature of this 


NYSE 


Ofv Y*J PE 100 * 


the game with the money col- thing is very suspect,” said Da- 
lected from new players. The vid Saari, a criminal-justice 


that the game might involve meat. Miss Hoadley- White did 
lobbyists or present conflict-of- not return calls to her office. 


—nmluir*u Hnalnn 

Tabtes Include nafiorwrtde prkaw up to 


the. doling on Wall Swat and do not reflect 
ate trades ebewhere. Via The AssocfaUod Pta 


- 



pyramid then splits in two, and professor at American Uoiver- 
each copilot becomes a pilot on sity. “Outsiders are grang to 

. ah ik* .... uruw.1 tk;. n n a. 


interest problems. 

Mr. Creighton, who is presi- 


In an interview after a Wash- 
ington Post reporter attended 


a new “airplane.” All the play- say, “Why is this money flow- 
ers move up one notch as well, ing? Why is the Hill involved 

j . li. r •» 


and a scramble for new inves- with the lobbyists ? 1 

Hris^summer. in a series of R’ s unc ^ ear P^" 

parties that began in Mr. Peter- f 5 

son’s Washington home, dozens havc in . ^ Washington 


dent of the American Portland his reenriting pitch in the salon 
Cement Alliance and last year “f Monday, Mr. Peterson uu- 
was deoutv chairman of a din- dally denied having anything to 


Cement Alliance and last year if 5 ?, t«pnoay. Mf- 
was deputy chairman of a din- bally demod havin 
ner that raised more than $5 do with the game, 
million for Republican candi- . Buube next day he described 


dates, said he saw nothing j, as “a fun game far people 


JvU o TV UUIUAIVU UWUJV, - . _ . ■ .1 

of lobbyists, congressional staff group. But interviews with 
members, lawyers and other " 


wrong with the gam* who are adults” and said he had 

played host to gatherings at the 
Miss Goeas declined to com- salon and at his home. 


huT- cfaartthf game incite that at 
dretis of thousands of dollars lcast 120 people, and perhaps as 


for a seasonal fling at a game many as ^f’ er - al £* 

that legal analysts and consum- playing Orjpsmexs like Mr. Pe- 


er advocates said is risky and terson and players said there 
might create at least an appear- was no way to know how much 
. — - money had changed hands. 


ance of conflict of interest. 

It’s a game that seems de- 


Tbe players and documents 


signed for Washington’s indicate that those in the game 
sebmoozers and networkers be- R«rrv Jackson. 


International 

Classified 

Marketplace 


semnoozers ana netwonrera do- jn^uded Barry Jackson, 
cause it relies on the ability of tbid ^ ^ to Representative 


P!»Xe» who h . avc invested John ^ Boehner. a Republican 
51,000 to rerauit many more from ohio; Letitia Hoadley- 


people to do the same thing. By an aide to Represen ta- 

doing so, playets move up a tivB j ary x^wis, a Republican 


chart to an $ 8,000 
But critics sai< 


the game 


from California; Richard C. 
Creighton, a lobbyist and Re- 


raised a range of ethical ques- pu ^an fund-raiser; and Car- 
m ’ ole Goeas, who until recently 


^ rolved ™ ^ was a director for the American 

bers and lobbyists, who try to Medical Association’s political 


influence policy, working to- action committee, 
getber to recruit players and 

make big profits quickly. Mr. Jackson said he got into 


Although there’s nothing to the game as a lark, unaware of 
indicate that the game has fos- how it worked or who was in- 
tered inappropriate dealings vdved. He said be decided to 


•Monday 

International Conferences and Seminars 
Tuesday 

Education Directory 
• Wednesday 

Business Message Center 
Thursday 

International Recruitment 
•Friday 

Real Estate Marketplace, Holidays and Travel 
•Saturday 
Arts and Antiques 


between lobbyists and congres- join several weeks ago after be- 
aonal staff members, ethics mg asked to play by a friend. 


specialists said the game creat- But after one meeting, he 


Plus over 300 headings in International Classified 
Monday through Saturday 
For further information, contact Philip Oma in Paris: 
Tel: (33-1) 46 3T 94 74 - Fax: (33-1) 46 37 52 12 


ed an impression that players said, be lost interest and did not 
could become beholden to one recruit others. He said be had 


JteralbiSeribune 


another. 


not considered the possibility 


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INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 2, 1994 








is 


11 Mt 


gest private company, Reliance 
Industries Ltd, says it wants u> 
shift from its core petrochemi- 
cal business to telecommunica- 
tions to meet the country’s huge 
demand for telephone service. 

At present, would-be cus- 
tomers have to wait as lone as 
five years to get an installation, 
and when finally instal le d . the 
phone may not wort 

fa a proposal submitted to 
India's main telephone body 
the Department of Telecom^ 
immications, Reliance said it 
would raise money to install \q 
million phone lines in the next 
10 years. 

The Reliance proposal, the 
most ambitious of more than 20 
put to .the government, says that 
the company would, if permit- 


UilliUU; UJoL 

would be required to meet the 
pent-up phone demand. 

India has 8 milli on tele- 
phones for its 900 nrilKon peo- 
ple, mostly in urban centers, 
making an average of 0.9 tele- 
phones far Cadr 100 people. 
This compares with ratios of 1.7 
in China, 13 in Malaysia, more 1 
than 76 in the United States 
and 89 jn Sweden. 

More than 20 foreign and do- 
mestic private companies are 
waiting for guidelines on reve- 
nue sharing and tariffs that 
would decide the profitability 
of networks they want to build 
Several large international 
telephone companies have ap- 
plied to the government to invest 
in its telephone system, some in- 
dividually and others in collabo- 


t^ear up neariy fiO percent rati^lh fa^Tco^ 
of the waiting hst of 2J5 million India has yet to decide 1 


applicants in three years. 

U S West Inc. and Motorola 
Inc. have applied to operate 
telephone' systems in parts of 
the country, and other foreign 
^companies are interested 
T Reliance officials said over 
the weekend that the company 
was talking with several phone 
companies for both technology 
and management input, but it 
did not disclose any names. 

India announced plans in 


India has yet to decide bow 
much equity it 'would allow a 
foreign concern to hold in a 
joint venture. 

Reliance says it win be able 
to raise the funds needed with- 
out seeking government guar- 
antees or conc essions 
“We anticipate th«t i if grant- 
ed thefulI-serviceJicenseweare 
seeking, we will be actively sup- 
ported by the international in- 
vestment community,” the pro- 
posal ' said. “We expect 
investment flows of not less 


By Karl Schoenberger 

la Angles Times Senke 

LOS ANGELES — ■ The advertise- 
ment boldly states a basic precept among 
FiKpaios in California — people who 
have both feet firmly planted in a new 
life but maintain a deep attachment to 
Che old one. 

“Youx remittance dollar supports 
more than just your family; it supports a 
nation,” goes the pitch in a recent issue 
of Philippine News by BPI Express Re- 
mittance Corp„ one of many foreign- 
exchange services. 

Indeed overseas Filipinos — even nat- 
uralized U.S. citizens who have im- 
mersed themselves in American culture 
— say they fed an abiding obligation to 
send money home to their kin. 

The term “remittance dollar 5 * does not 
refer to major infusions of working capi- 
tal or big investments in the Manila 
stock exchange. Rather, It's a collective 
shower of small cash tr ansf en;, generated 
by Philippine professionals and contract 
workers who span the world. 

Their payments add up to an incredi- 
ble sum — billions of dollars a year, the 
largest single source of hard currency for 
their stru gg ling homeland 

“I still send ''back a few hundred dol- 
lars every month,” said Artenno Pagdan, 
a Pomona, California, physician who 
emigrated m 1962. 

Distinctive among the huddled masses 
of global economic migration, overseas 


Filipinos represent (be elite of the labor 
market. They are generally well-educat- 
ed and usually accomplished speakers of 
English. 

Filipino women with coliege degrees 
serve as maids in Tokyo and Hong Kong 
Doctors and engineers find employment 
in Saudi Arabia. Semiskilled laborers toil 
in Kuwait, and Philippine seamen ply 
the oceans on the world's ships. 

Philippine business graduates domi- 
nate middle managements of several 
multinational corporations in Southeast 
Asia, earning wages they could not 
dream of at home. 

Filipinos also make up one of the 
fastest-growing immigrant groups, ac- 
counting for more than one in every five 
newcomers from Asia since the end of 
World War IL Filipinos place a dose 
second to Chinese as the largest Asian 
population in the United States. 

Yet, unlike Chinese or Korean resi- 
dents, Filipinos tend to scatter rather 
than cluster in ethnic enclaves, quickly 
assimilating into the American main- 
stream. They are, in their own words, an 
invisible minority, poorly organized and 
underrepre s ented in public office. But 
Filipinos stand out at the b anks. 

The U.S. Phih'ppme community wires 
home about SI billion in cash each year. 
Filipinos not only support their relatives 
but also prop up an economy that was 
looted by the late President Ferdinand E. 


Marcos and. until recently, crippled by 
political turmoil. 

The 1990 census counted 1.4 million 
Filipinos in the United States; unofficial 
estimates go as high as 2 million. 

Sordid stories abound of forced pros- 
titution in Japan, physical abuse by em- 
ployers in the Middle East and recruit- 
mem fraud in Manila. 

Despite controversy, no one is com- 
plaining about the influx of money. An- 
nual worldwide remittances — through 
official banking channels as well as illicit 
cash-courier services — are estimated at 
between $2 billion and $6 billion. 

These payments unquestionably are 
the largest single source of foreign-ex- 
change reserves available to the Philip- 
pine government, providing dollars for 
purchasing strategic imports and making 
payments on a $34 billion foreign debt. 

“The remittances by overseas Filipi- 
nos to their families are considered direct 
foreign aid, because they do not go 
through the channels of corruption,” 
said Alex A. Esclamado. editor and pub- 
lisher of Philippine News., which is based 
in South San Francisco, Calif ornia, and 
has a national distribution. 

Cash is routinely concealed in the tra- 
ditional “batik bayen," or “homecom- 
ing," crates shipped by specialized cargo 
handlers. Expatriates take cash when 
they make visits or entrust large sums to 
be carried home by friends. 


May to end the state monopoly investment flows of not less 
on basic telephone services by than $100 million per year” 
allowing private companies to . Analysts said Rdiance raised 
set up networks. more than $500 million »hmnph 

It said the government could Eurobond italics last year. ' 


India Imposes Fines 


By Sanjoy Hazarika 

• • New York Times Server 

NEW DELHI — The central bank of India has ordered 
fines of $42 million against' 10 'foreign banks, including 
Citibank, Bank of America, American Express Bank Ltd. and 
Standard Chartered Bank, accusing them of involvement in a 
massive case of misrepresentation in 1991-92. 

Both Indian and foreign banks werc accused of misreport- 
ing millions of dollars in 1991 and 1992 and illegally diverting 
government bonds to make funds available to selected stock- 
brokers for quick speculation and to feed a stock boom. 

A Reserve Bank official said the fines, which were, made 
public last week, were for evading cash reserve requirements. 

A spokeswoman for the Reserve Bank of India at Bombay, 
the countxys-dcMmaerciad cmntaL>Sidd30 banks, the balance 
of them Indian-controlled, had been .ordered to respond to 

whi^J^teen told to pay$l6.! .milKc^ 068 ^ ■ 

Kenneth D- Campbell, a vice president in die corporate 
affairs division erf Citibank in New York, said, “Since our 
portfolio management, business during the .1991-92 period 
was relatively large, it was expected that the size of the 
refunds requested by the RBL based on the formula chosen, 
might be greater than for other participants.” ■■ 

Ravi Bhatia, a vice president forQtibank in India, said that 
bank had not been “involved ux the main dements” of the 
$1.5 billion scandal ' . 

The Indian and foreign banks have been discussing ways of 
reducing the penalties but would not comment on details of 
their plans. Standard Chartered said it would “certainly be 
r ak in g this opportunity to gave the Reserve Bank of India a 
very full response.” The newspaper Business Standard said 
the Reserve Bank had ordered Standard Chartered to pay 
nearly $10.2 million. 

Sharon Tucker, vice president of corporate communica- 
tions at Bank of America in New' York, said, “We did not 
participate in any fraudulent practices or any practices that 
resulted in any losses to chit customers or that contributed to 
the problems experienced in the market” * 


Ex-Chief 

JW # Jf Complied by Our Staff From Dispatches 

jHLI/ HONG KONG — Giordano Holdings Ltd. 

said Monday its net profit for the first six months 
l/Vwn/rn jumped 59 percent and that it was taking control 

-TCICCS lAfUTl of its Chinese affiliate. Tiger Enterprises. 

The do thing maker and retailer said it earned 
CompUedb, Our Staff From Dispenses a nei 85 J million H oog Kong dollars (Sll mfl- 
MELBOURNE — A magis- lion) in the six months to June 30, up from 53.9 
trates’eourf here was told Mon- million in the 1993 first half as sales increased to 


Giordano Expands as Profit Rises 


day that John Elliott, who once 
fan Australia’s largest brewery, 
was at the center of 66 5 million 
Australian dollars ($49 million) 
of sham foreign-exchange pay- 
ments. 

The alleged transactions were 
made in the late 1980s when 
Mr. Elliott headed the giant 
brewing, finance and agricul- 
tural group Elders IXL LtcL, the 
court was told on the first day 
of a hearing into whether Mr. 
Elliott should stand trial on 
charges of defrauding Elders. 

Mr. EDiott has denied the al- 
legation. His attorney told the 
court there was no suggestion 
his client had made any finan- 
cial gam from what he said was 
a legitimate foreign-exchange 
deal. 


1.27 billion dollars from 1.11 billion. 

The company had been losing money through 
its stake in Tiger, but now the Chinese business 


has become profitable, said Peter Lau, the chief Fence, analyst at James Capel Asia. “China is so 


executive of Giordano. The turnaround has 
prompted Giordano to increase its stake in Tiger 
to 51 percent from 20 percent, he said. 


huge a market that no one wants to pass it up." 

Mr. Lau said he expected Tiger to turn “a 
respectable profit” this year. He said the compa- 


Giordano will pay for the stake by waiving its n Y s turnaround from unprofitability was accom- 
right to repayment of a 30.4 million dollar loan it plished by slashing its work force to 500 from 


right to repayment of a 30.4 million dollar loan it 
made to Tiger, Ml Lau said. 

Giordano made the loan to Tiger as part erf a 


about 1,000 and reducing its overhead costs. 

(Bloomberg, Reuters) 


M AM J J A 
1994 


M AM J J A 
1994 


Exchange 


Monday 


Hong Kong Hang Seng 
Singapore . Straits Times 
Sydney All Ordinaries 

Tokyo Nikkei 225 

Kuala Lumpur Composite 


Seoul 

ManBa 

Jakarta 

New Zealand^ 

Bombay 


SET 

Composes Slock 
We^ited Price 

Stock index 

National Index 


9,683.68 

JL243.S9 

2,082.10 

20,271.35 

1Wi4~ 

TM1.S8 

927.97 

6,720.05 

2,883.34 

452-72 

2,03328 

1,981.79“ 


Sources; Reuters, AFP 


‘ M AM J J A 
1994 

Prev. % 
Close Change 
9.482.81 +2.12 

2,20642 +1.70 

2,061.50 +L00 

20.449.40 -0.87 
" 1,027751 +2781" 

1.376.88 +1.82 
933-66 ^0.61 

6.749 40 -0.43 

2,803.21 +2.86 

451.08 +0.36 

2.027~18 +0.30 

" 1,979.60 +0.11 

InlRTuii.-nul HrralJ Tribune 


start-up arrangement in 1992 along with an ini- 
tial investment of 200,000 dollars for its 20 
percent stake. Under the start-up arrangement. 
Giordano had the option to buy a further 31 
percent from Jimmy Lai, who founded Giordano 
and Tiger, by July 1995. 

Mr. Lai will continue to hold a 49 percent stake 
after Giordano exercises its option and he will 
remain chid - executive at Tiger. Mr. Lau said. 

Shareholders greeted the developments by 
sending Giordano's shares up 1 1 cents, to 4.4J 
dollars. “This is positive." said Abbott Law- 


Very briefly: 

• Taiwan, in an effort (o help its companies save on labor costs, 
will soon permit firms to manufacture 633 more items in China, an 
Economics Ministry spokesman said. 

• GuangxL Ynnnan and Guizhou, three Chinese provinces, will 
build southwestern China's largest refinery along with a consor- 
tium believed to be owned by the Malaysian tycoon Robert Kuok, 
a Beijing industry newsletter reported. 

• Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., an affiliate of Philips 
Electronics NV, said it had tentatively set Sept, 5 as the date it will 
list its shares on the Taiwan Stock Exchange. 

• China's state statistical bureau released figures indicating that 
family incomes in China's major cities kept well ahead of inflation 
in the first half of 1994, the China Daily reported. 

• Vietnam will set up a coal corporation b ringing together various 
producers and distributors and has ordered all small mines to join 
the group or close, news reports said. 

■ Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. said it would shift some of its 
production of injection molders from Japan to the United States, 
China and India to cope with the yen's appreciation. 

• Nippon Telegraph & Telephone Carp, and Vietnam Posts & 
Telecom m unications signed a memorandum of understanding to 
expand technical cooperation, an NTT spokesman said. 

• BaHongpang, one of China's richest state gold mines, was forced 
to close because thousands of illegal prospectors had caused 
serious damage to it and the surrounding environment, the news- 
paper Financial News reported, afp. Bloomberg. Knight- Kidder. Reuters. 


Prices Are Heading Higher 
For Japanese Memory Chips 


Japan’s Vehicle Sales Rose in July 


Mr. Effiolt and the others ac- Japanese semiconductor mak- 
cused in the actum — Peter ers said Monday they planned 
Scanlon, Ken Rj gghis and Peter to raise prices for memory chips 
an former Elders execu- used in persona] computers, 
tives, and the bankers Michael Toshiba Corp„ NEC Carp. 
Woods and Victor Psaltis — ad- and Fujitsu Ltd. said they were 
mit that the 66.5 million dollars negotiating with customers on 
was paid, but they say it was part price rises of 3 percent to 5 


Compiled bp Our Sufi Frm Dispatches said a 4 percent mark-up was 

TOKYO — .Three Jeading likdy for its chijjs. 

Japanese semiconductor mak- A Fujitsu official said the 
ts said Monday they planned company was seeking price in- 
ti raise nrices for memory chins creases of as much as 5 percent 


of a legitimate transaction. 

The prosecution alleged that 
the payments were intended to 
repay toe New Zealand compa- 
ny Equiticorp for help in fend- 
ing off a takeover bid by the late 
Robert Holmes h Court in 1986. 

The prosecutor, Blind Woin- 
axski, said he would present tes- 
timony froanKen Jarrett, for- 
mer Elders finance director, 
who has already pleaded guilty. 

Mr. Elliott was a major force 
in corporate takeovers in the 

1980s " (AFP. Reuters) 


percent, to take effect in Sep- 
tember and October. 

Japanese chip makers last mi n ^ Yn ~ 
;-ear raised export prices for 
four-megabit dynamic random ™ . 
access memory, or D-RAM, ® 
chips to about $13 from $10 to Taiw 
capitalize on strong demand. ufaenrr 

NEC said that starting in planno 
September it would ask its Taiwan 
large-lot foreign customers to Blooml 
help “make up for" the comp a- ported 


creases of as much as 5 percent 
on its core four-megabit EX- 
RAM chips. 

Meanwhile, TI-Acer Inc. in 
Taiwan predicted its prices for 
D-RAM chips would remain 
steady and that its first-half 
profit would be about the same 
as last year's $45 miUion to $50 

millio n. 

(AFX, AFP, Bloomberg) 
■ Taiwan listing Planned 

Taiwan Semiconductor Man- 
ufacturing Co. said Monday it 
planned to list its shares on the 
Taiwan Stock Exchange SepL 5, 
Bloomberg Business News re- 


ny’s loss stemming from the 
dollar’s plunge against the yen. 
The company did not say how 
much prices would be raised 
A Toshiba spokeswoman 


The company sold 52 percent 
of its stock last month for 90 
Taiwanese dollars (S3) a share in 
an initial public offering valued 
at about 3.6 billion dollars. 


Compiled by Our Staff From Diqtatdm 

TOKYO — Motor vehicle sales rose in 
July, marking the second straight month of 
year-to-year increases after 14 months of de- 
cline. the Japan Automobile Dealers Associa- 
tion said Monday. 

Overall vehicle sales rose 2.4 percent in July 
from a year earlier, with car sales rising 1.5 
percent, to 346,127 units, and truck sales 
rising 4.6 percent, to 149,226 units. 

“Income-tax cuts and summer bonus pay- 
ments contributed to the increase.” an associ- 
ation official said, adding that the car market 
was now “poised for recovery, as many eco- 
nomic indicators signal brighter prospects.” 

The data showed consumers were starting 
to spend more and that bigger vehicles were 
gaining popularity. 

Sales of big cars with an engine displace- 
ment of more than 2.000 cubic centimeters rose 
4. 1 percent, to 63,703 units, the fifth consecu- 
tive increase. Sales of smaller cars edged up 0.9 
percent, the first gain in 16 months. 

But vehicle sales for the six months to June 
were down 3 percent from a year earlier at 
2,967,479 units, the association said, 

fa other economic news, the Finance Min- 


istry said Japan's foreign-currency reserves 
hit a record high for the fifth month in a row. 

While the government would not specify a 
reason for the increase, reserves have been 
growing as the yen has strengthened, reflect- 
ing the Bank of Japan's purchases of dollars 
to try to slow the yen's rise, economists said. 

“The Bank of Japan is having to step up its 
dollar buying, and it will continue to do that 
until the dollar levels off,” said Michael Lock- 
row, an economist at UBS Securities. 

Compared with past months, the increase 
was small. Foreign-exchange reserves rose 
$2.25 billion from June, to 51 13.72 billion. 

But after the collapse of trade talks be- 
tween the United Stales and Japan over the 
weekend, economists predicted that Japan's 
dollar reserves would climb faster in August 

Also on Monday, the Bank of Japan said 
Lhe average lending rate for commercial bank 
loans feU 0.083 of a percentage point in June 
from May. to 3.469 percent. 

The average contracted interest rate on 
loans and discounts outstanding extended by 
Japan's 1 1 major commercial banks, or city 
banks, was down 0.031 point in June from 
May, ai 3.894 percent. (Bloomberg, AFP) 


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Page 16 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 2, 1994 


SPORTS 


Games Still Have 
Turner Goodwill 


The Associated Press 

. ST- PETERSBURG —Tele- 
vision ratings have been disap- 
pointing, his company stands to 
lose millions of dollars and the 
original purpose of the event no 
longer exists. But Ted Turner 
said Monday the Goodwill 
Games are still worth every 
penny. 

Turner, chairman and 
founder of the Goodwill 
Games, said that the third edi- 
tion of the Games have been a 
great success and that be in- 
tends to continue sta g in g the 
Olympic-style event into the 
next century. 

“Particularly in a country 
that’s gone through the turmoil 
that this country has, there was 
a lot of skepticism that the 
Games would take place at alL 
that it would be a complete di- 
saster,” the Atlanta-based me- 
dia magnate said. 

“It's run pretty smoothly, ev- 
erything considered. There was 
a lot of last- min ute prepara- 
tions and they had trouble 
funding it, but this country's 
not in the greatest financial sit- 
uation in the world. ! think ev- 
erything considered it's been 
great” 

Turner acknowledged that 
TV ratings in the United States, 
where the event is being broad- 
cast by his own Turner Broad- 
casting System and by ABC, 
have been below expectations 
for the first week of the 16-day 
event. 

“That’s unfortunate.” he 
said. “We’re going to be short 
on the ratings, but we never 


have had the ratings ... As far 
as I’m concerned that's the only 
bad news." 

He also shrugged off the or- 
ganizational glitches which 
have affected the Games. These 
include a faulty filtration sys- 
tem which turned the water in 
the swimming pool into a 
murky color, problems in mak- 
ing ice for the skating rink and 
computer scoring errors at the 
gymnastics competition. 

“I mean, hey, there's glitches 
everywhere,” ne said. “There’s 
glitches at the Olympics, too.” 

In the day’s major competi- 
tion. U.S. gymnast Shannon 
Miller rebounded from her loss 
in the all-around event by col- 
lecting gold medals in the bal- 
ance beam and floor exercise 
and silvers in the vault and un- 
even bars in the individual ap- 
paratus. 

For Russia’s Dina Kochet- 
kova, who od Sunday handed 
Miller her first defeat in two 
years in an all-round competi- 
tion, it was a bad night. She fell 
flat on her back during a prac- 
tice vault before the start of the 
event and had to be helped 
away by her coach. She got one 
silver and one bronze. 

With New York already se- 
lected as host of the 1998 Good- 
will Games, Turner said he re- 
mained committed to holding 
the event again in 2002. The 
Siberian city of Krasnoyarsk 
has been offered as a proposed 
site, and Turner was to fly there 
Tuesday for a look. 

“My plans are that we go 
forward,” he said. “I think this 
is a lot of value for the buck.” 


Parreira Quits Brazil, 
To Coach Spanish Team 


The Associated Press 

VALENCIA, Spain — Just 
two weeks after coaching Brazil 
to its fourth World Cup cham- 
pionship. Carlos Alberto Par- 
reira arrived here Monday, hav- 
ing quit the national squad to 
take over the Spanish first divi- 
sion club Valencia. 

He said he had chosen Valen- 
cia, a team starved of victory in 
recent years, because it was the 
first club to approach him. 

In Sunday’s editions of the 
Jomal do Brasil, Parreira said 
that “I’ve performed my mis- 
sion for Brazil by helping in the 
fourth world title conquest, and 
I have no desire to manage Bra- 
zil again.” 

As Brazil’s coach, Parreira 
was constantly criticized and 
second-guessed by the media — 
and even by his mother and 
President Itamar Franco. Be- 
fore the World Cup final 
against Italy, he was booed by a 
mostly pro-BrazO crowd. 

“At least I won’t have 150 
million people down my bade,” 
he said. 


Mario Zagalo, a member of 
Brazil’s 1958 and 1962 champi- 
onship teams and coach of the 
1970 championship team, w01 
take over as coacn of the na- 
tional team for the rest of the 
year. Zagalo was Parreira’s as- 
sistant coach. 

Meanwhile, Brazilian super- 
star Romario was incurring the 
wrath of FC Barcelona’s coach. 
Johan Cruyff, for taking an un- 
authorized vacation as the rest 
of the team prepared its run for 
a fifth-straight Spanish title. 

“I still haven’t spoken with 
him,” Cruyff said Monday be- 
fore presenting Barcelona's 
lineup for the 1994-95 season. 
“We nope he appears and when 
be does we'll take the decisions 
that have to be taken.” 

Romario has said he plans to 
remain an vacation in Brazil for 
as long as two more weeks. 

“I deserve a rest,” he told TV 
Globo on Saturday. He claimed 
he had tried to get in touch with 
dub officials arid added that he 
was “sure tbeyTl understand.” 




■: .*+££4 v - :: . 



Pan] F. Back/ Apace Fraaor-Prear 

Coaching debutant Bury Switzer pondering a play as his 
Cowboys beat the Vikings: “It was kind of neat” 


Mixed Success 

InNewJNFL 

. The Associated Pres 

' Barry Switzer was a suc- 
cess in his debut in the Na- 
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while the new two-point 
conversion entered to 
mixed results. 

The Dallas Cowboys, 
with both Troy Altman 
and backup Rodney Peete 
throwing touchdown 
passes, rolled over tin Min- 
nesota VDrings, 17-9, on 
Sunday night in Switzer’s 
first preseason game as 
coach of the Cowboys. 

“It was kind of neat out 
there,” Switzer said. 

Under the new conver- 
sion rule, teams can either 
kick an extra point after a 
touchdown — as they 'al- 
ways have — or run or pass 
the ball into the end zone 
for a 2-point conversion. 

Miami’s Doug Pederson, 
after passing for 2 points in 
an exhibition game defeat 
of the New York Giants, 
called it “a great play.” 

The Los Angeles Raiders 
also went to the air, while 
the Kansas City Chiefs ran 
for two points. 

But The Vikings failed 
through the air the 
Denver Broncos, who lost 
to the Raiders in Barcelo- 
na, failed twice. 

The experiment with ra- 
dio communications to the 
quarterback weren’t alto- 
gether successful, either. 

“I couldn’t tell what Joe 
(Montana) was saying,” 
Kansas City quarterback 
Matt Bltmdin said. “We 
ended up having to go back 
to hand signals for most of 
the first quarter.” 




lx..'.- - fa—- -VlJ 

Major League Standings 

AMERICAN LEAGUE 
East Division 



W 

L 

PCt. 

GB 

New York 

44 

38 

A27 



Baltimore 

56 

44 

M9 

1 

Boston 

SO 

53 

ASS 

14to 

Taranto 

49 

54 

X?i 

1514 

Detroit 

48 

56 

MS 

17 


Central Division 



Chicago 

62 

42 

M 

— 

Cleveland 

59 

43 

J78 

2 

Karoos aty 

58 

47 

-552 

4V> 

Milwaukee 

50 

54 

AB1 

12 

Minnesota 

47 

56 

j*5f 

1414 


West Dhr Woo 



Texas 

58 

55 

Mi 

— 

Oakland 

47 

56 

AS6 

2 

Californio 

44 

62 

ATS 

6V4 

Seattle 

48 

62 

392 

BV4 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 



East Dtvtsion 




w 

L 

PeL 

GB 

Montreal * 

65 

38 

A3! 

— 

Atlanta 

62 

43 

396 

3V4 

Philadelphia 

51 

54 

386 

15 

New York 

50 

S3 

ABS 

IS 

Florida 

45 

S9 

-433 

2to4 


Central Division 



Cincinnati 

41 

43 

J87 

— 

Houston 

59 

44 

342 

214 

Pittsburgh 

49 

55 

.471 

1* 

Chicago 

47 

54 

ASA 

1214 

St. Louis 

47 

56 

AS4 

1314 


WestDlvtsiop 



Los Angeles 

52 

52 

300 

— 

San Francisco 52 

54 

A91 

1 

Colorado 

50 

57 

A67 

3)4 

San Diego 

41 

64 

383 

1214 


Sunday's Line Scores 


AMERICAN LEAGUE 

• M ffi 91*— 5 a 1 

MB BM BBS-4 7 • 


Bones. Navarra CU.LtovdC7). Ignastok (9), 
Fetters (9| and Van*; Nabhob. Melendez CM, 
Fom (U aid BcrrvhflL Rowland (9). 
W — Navarro, * 7 . L— Nobhotz, 3-4. Sv— Fet- 
ter? ( 16 ). 

Oevetand 0M SM MV- 1 7 I 

New Ygrtt 3M NO BIB-4 7 0 

De. Martinez. Meza (B). aid Pena; Key. 
Wlckinan (9). Howe (9) and Stanley. W— Key, 
163. L — De- Martinez. 166. Sv— Howe 06L 
H R N ew York, Bam (WL 
Minnesota 312 BM 006—5 I I 

Kansas aty MI IW Sen-* M B 

Deshato*. Tremblay (7). Campbell (51, 
5ctKillstram (7) and Walbedu Gordon, Meo- 
cham (5). Pichardo (B) and Macfartane. 
W— Meocham. 3-3. L— Dashates. 5-11. 
Toronto on M2 BBe-t to 1 

Bolttmar* 1M BOS OBB— 4 7 1 

Guzman. Cox (6). Castilla (71. Hall (9) and 
Knarr; McDonald, Benitez 46). Poole (9) and 
TackcfL Holies (7). W— Guzman. 11-KL 
L — McDonald. T2-7. Sv— Hall (Ml. HR— Tor- 
onto, OJerud (M). 

Seattle IN BM 006-1 4 I 

Ottawa 1M BBS IBP— B 7 B 

Converse. Kino (6).Gossaga (71 and C. How- 
ard; Alvarez. McCaskllT ft) aid LflUaMero 
W — Alvarez. 133 . L— C o n v er se . 0-4. MR— Chi- 
cago, |_ Johnson CD. 

Cafifornta 201 N1 006-4 9 B 

Texas BB1 BM BOB— 3 19 2 

Flnley.M. Loiter (■) and Myers; Brawn and 
J. Ortiz. I. Rodriguez (9). W-Rnlev. 610. 
L— Brown, 7-9. Sv— M. Letter (2. 

Oakland BN III MO— 4 7 1 

Detroit BM 11* Jtx — 5 9 2 

Ontfveras, Brtscae MJ.VUsbora(7),Acre(7) 
and Stetobadt; Weils, 3. Davis (7), Go. Harris 
(9) end Tetttetan. W— S. DavKKLL— Vosbero, 
0-1. Sv— Ge. Harris (1). HRs-Oddaid, Noel 
(121. Detroit. TnxnmeU, (7). 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 
PMadeJpMa 131 MB 000-5 9 2 

Atlanta Ml 2M 3M— 9 IB 0 

West. Rlveta □), Valenzuela (51, Andersen 
(4),Bortand(8).Bottaflco (91 and Lieberthal; 
Smoltz. BMcckl (4), Stanton (4), Welders (B) 
andO'Brtsn.W— BleteckI, 24. L— Rivera, 34. 
New Yam MB 2M S O* ■ 8 12 ■ 

pmsbareh BM BM 2*0—4 11 1 


Britain-Irelaad 
Keep Curtis Cup 
Wtiha 9 - 9 Tie 

The Associated Press .. 

OOLTEWAH, Tennessee — 
Janice Moodie of. Scotland; 
having hit her 165-yard ap- 
proach on -the par-4 18th. to 
within five feet of the flag was 
conceded her putt an the.final 
hole for a 9*9 tie with the Unit- 
ed States that allowed the Brit- 
atn-Irdand team to retain the 

Curtis Qip. 

Moodie’s opponent, Carol 
Semple Thompson, had mused 
her tint putt, from 25 feet (7.6 
meters). 

**T have IvYtn H reaming all my 

life to hde a putt for the Curter 
Cup,” Moodie said. “Turned 
out I didn't even have to hole 
the putt.” 1 

It was only the third tie since 
the first Curtis Cup was played 
in 1932. The United States 
leads the series, 20-5-3, bat die 
British and Irish have now won 
four of the last five: 

• Helen Alfredssan of Swe- 
den, who blew a six-shot lead in 
the previous week’s U.S. Wom- 
en’s Open, won the. LPGA 
Ping-Wdch’s Championship in 
Canton, Massachusetts, by four 
strokes. 


SIDELINES 

Lotmcox May S& 

ftSnBt healthy enough to play this NHL season, accord- 

threes Of 

hade ff odglrm ’g . 

The Penguins wonld not confirm broadcast reports Sunday. 
night that Lenrieux has derided to temporarily retire irom uw 
game or wB sit out the first half of the season before deciding 
whether to return in the 1994-95 season. ' 

LeMond Tested for Lead Poisoning : 

■ MINNEAPOLIS (AP) — Greg LeMond. the three-time Tour 
de France winner, said he’s undergoing tests for lead poisoning 
and is considering retiremenL . . .. 

LeMond, of Medina, Minnesota, was shot m a hunting accident 
m 1987, and 35 lead peDeterenamirihis body.Four of them are in 
his liver and lungs and two in his heart lining . 

’■ Hewon the Tburde Fiance in 1986, 1989 and 1990. but said his 
Eighty haa decreased every year. He dropped out of tins year s 
Tour de France when he became exhausted in the sixth stage. 

In<fy(^Race Has It Mishaps, Too : 

• Donnvr vm im>n / api Smn nrwfvear inherited the 


20-foot putt 


Dicky] 
nn toe 


first hole of 


Castilla Gunderson (7). Gazza (B>, Franco 
(9) aid Stinnett. Hundley (9); Smith, Wagner 
(B). Dyer (9). Dewey (91 and Parrish. 
W— Gena H L— Dyer, 1-1. Sv — Fraoco(27). 
HR— Pittsburgh, Cummbws 11 L 
Chicago ‘ 610 BM 00-9 M B 
St LOBls BIB M2 123—7 12 1 

F. Castilla Bautista Ml.Pleaoc (8),Myeri 
(9) and Wllktas; OUwea Eversgard (1), 
Buckets (6), R. Rodriguez (B) and » »-. »i 
W — F. Cash Da 1-1. L—d Hares. 24. 
HRs-CMcogaMay (41, G-Hllt C1B>. SL Louts. 
G. Pena (ID). COataauati (2). 

Houston BM 001 OBB— 1 B 2 

Lae Ano des BM m «2*-7 N 1 

9NMBE. Ta Jones (6). B- WUUanM (B1 and 
Servais; R. Martinez , Td. Worrell (9). 
W— RJMorflnaz, IB-7. L— Swtadel, 73. 
HR— Houston. Bagwell (Ml. 

CkKtoaatl BM MB BM 1-8 4 B 

saa Dfesa BM bn mb 0-1 4 B 

OB ton! ess) 

RDa J. Bitsitler (9) and Taabensea Dor- 
mtffl; S. Senders. Tabaka (il.Florto (9»,p. 
A. Martinez (9) and AwmnsW->l. BrteitteY. 
6-6-1— —P. A Martinez. 3-2. HR — OndnaaflBr. 
Hooter (13). 

Coferndo ON BM BOB— 4 6 B 

Sen Fnwdsco 11B 421 ttoe-9 -15 1 

Thompson. Czalkowskl (4), Blair (6); & 
Reed (■) and Gtrardl; VcmLandtoaham, 
Burtxi 171. Gomez (7), Hlefcerson (B) ndMav 
wartna. W— VanLanNngtiam 7-L L— Thomp- 
son, W. Sv H ic ta fson (1». HRs — San Fran- 
cisco. Bands (38, M& WHDams 2 (40), 
Strawberry (4). 

Montreal 321 BBS IBB— is 17 1 

Ftartdq IN DBS MB- 4 B 1 

P. J. Martinez, Wtrtle (7) end a FteWwr, 
Webster (7); Weathers. Mutts (8. R. Lewis - 
(4). Y. Perez (8), Nan (81 ond Scnttooo. W— P. 

J. Martinez. 9-5. I — weath er s. B-lfl. Sv— G. 
White OJ. H R s Montreal. Grtseom C9>. 
Floyd (4), Barry {«). 

The Michael JonfanWalcfi 

SUNDAYS GAME: Jordon weot2-for-3o»a 

designated totter wtthastrtkeoirt.owalk, two 
singles ana two runs scored a* the Baronslast 


a three-way played to capture 
the St Jude Classic in Mem- 
phis, Texmessee, for his first vio- 
.toxy on the PGA Tour. 

Pride jomed Hal Sutton and 
Gene Suiep in the playoff by 
sinking a 22-foot biraie-putt on 
No. 18 after bogeying the 17th. 
Sauers also bndied 18 while 
Nick Price, winner of the Brit- 
ish Open two weeks ago, missed 
a birdie putt there that would 
have given him a share of the. 
lead. 


n -4 to ttwOxittarooua Lookouts. He scored ki 
Ihefciurttiona s tiu le by Tray Fryman ond in 
It* eMrth an a single by Doug Brady, 
SEASON TO DATE; Jordan boowbatftog 
.193 (04ar3Sn wim 34 rant, 14 doubles. 1 
tr1pfa,llioiTMrun.l9RBt*3»*idk*S7strfca- 
aotsmd 24 stoton bases In 39 ottoamts. Ho has 
181 putouts. live mists and IB errars as an 
avMsMer. 


icaa za ! laps uoixi uc cuu auu auucu iu m 

marred by a series of broken engines and accidents that took put 
all of the top contenders. - . * 

Nigd Mansdk'vriK>led220of the 250 laps in winning the Indy 
car race last year; quit after 35 laps with a broken throttle linkage. 

“That was the scariest, moment I’ve had in my entire career . -i 
said the MMiig an pole^rinnec.' “When -you are in a 240-mfle-an-‘ 
hour slipstream into a turn you need full throttle.’’ 

Forthe Record 

Efthymis fto — a rtetfoB, the Greek basketball team’s coach; 
after a dispute with center Panayiotis Fasoulas, returned to 
Athens as ms placets wore preparing for the World Champion- 
ships that start Thursday in Twonta (A Pi 

Whm4i% Canaria, having beaten out Santo Domingo and 
Bogota, wm host the 1999 Pan American games. (AP) 

Yurf Arbachakov of Russia retained the WBC flyweight title by 
knocking out Hugo Rafad Soto of Argentina in the eighth round 
in Tokyo. r - (AFP) 

ESPN, the U.S satefiite spocts trievisiem network, has reached 
agreement with the Board of Control for Cricket, in India to 
tdecast domes& and international matches in India for the next 
five years, ihe&aldoesiiot occludes the 1996^ World Qip. (AFP I 


TENNIS 


CANADIAN OPEN • 

Andre Asoad BL UA. dot Jtnon Stotteb- 
bora, AortroDa, 6< 

. ItoablM, Hnot • - 

Byron Black, Zlmbatom, and Jonat han 
Stork. IL5,deL Patrick McEnroe cunt Jorad 
Palmer, US. 64, 4-4. •• 

STRATT MI QW MPMBHIH 7.' 

Catchlta Atarttoa CU. Spatn. «tot Arantaa 
Sanrtiez Vtoarfa fl). Spain. ** M 4-4. 

DoaMta, float 

Pm Stolvar, U A, and Uz Smyflte Auehii- 
Ba det. Arantxa Sanrtwz-VKarto.aad Can- 
«Mta AAarttnez, snria 76 (73), 24, 74. 


Marlboro 500 


Coewortb XB.2397 7, an WHy T. RtobtoSOM 
Ja*e.Caltf- 1993 Lola rartCBiwartliXamfc 
X 04) Al Unear dr. NUMNN JtAU 
Pemke-llmor VB4X 27L; %. C6 Raul Baeaei, 
BraziL Lato-Fart Ciwm f i miE; m JTJl 
E inanen FWtoNdt BimviitoilMMrMB- 
a MB. enrtn* toOara. . 


TRANSITIONS 


BALTIMORE — Recoded Arthur Rhode*- 
Pitcher, tram Rochester, tt-Smat Toco 
ptfctwr, to Rochester. 

DETROfT-Put Eric Davit, outftoMhr, to 
ISdoy dteobted fist. Da^vAv 

htta. buHMderrtiM'lMb’ dSaMjlM 
KANSAS CfTMCMM WRtoPMkM- 
oanta, pttrtwr, fibm tsdaydtoabtod nit Sent 
CMfc Haney, aBcbor, to Ocaalw. ML,. 

- NEW YORK— Anlgnatf Kevin Ottor. 
BbertMBKtoAtoaa»,ELtor WNr* Bltob«ta- 
Hon. Promoted Derek Jeter. Nki rte toM Bom 
Atoany to Cahmbas, (L 
TORONTO-AcDvofed Mika HaA. aalftald- 
■n Cram VdaytSeabtodBaL (Maned Itobert 
Perez, oatflelder. to Syracuee. IL. 

HOUSTON— Traded Tom E<teia. phch*r, to 
PtrtladBtoMD tor MIirThompeoa. ouRtektor,. 

MONTREAL— Pot jit Fotoanvprtcher.on 
154toy4ReobtodHrt.fYh ypff vetoJmy74.Re- 
ealed Gabe WMtoi Pitcher, flfaar Ottawa, l[_‘ 


ARIZONA .. Stoned RW«Brohoni,oBefMtvg 
Meman. ‘ » 

* . COLLEGE 

Florida State— suBpmtBd Demc*. 
BniekvHfiabackerrand Tiger McMUIon. toil- 
Dadutor two gamMi Potrldi McfML oHen- 
dvo guard, tor three gamez; Saapandad For- 
retT'Cbnaty, afltnofva tbekto. indeflnftetv, 
Itohutatotf Scott Bentley. PtoceUcfter. . 

GEORGIA— AmoimcKf Cbartn QedM 
outor. wiH return la Dwikei b ofl team. 

OHIO' STATE SM— ended Mike MaUaH, 
punter, IqdafinllaBr from the football laanw 
pendtaa the outcome of hbsbooQfitaa czm 


StJtideCfa— 1c 

r b nleuM— en Me 7j m ya r d, var-n Ter- 
. nMoMI or Ptarert Owrae at Sartbwtod (» 
lean an lint belt of H v o o -w m vtayofO: 
X-DtaW Prkta.S22M0a 444M747-247 

Ho) Sotton, S1MWOO 67-4M B -44- 2U 

Good Sonars. STHIBOB 0 -464646-317 

Rk* Trice. IMSQB 73464646 -W« 

warm Grady, MUB 7 D 444 7 44 m 

Dave Barr, HMS ■ 46464747-MP 

RON Cochran. t*xas . . 4 7 464546 3 49 
Paid Stonfcawa fcL RUN 46474644-976 

Pozzy ZMfier, HUN- 464H049-27# 

DuBV WtaWurt, 528J30 473647-47-377 


Hea to Por» 
lygaarcar,) 


ly»BBfcanl— MMiHBlBKfBMBBig E— r, 
and wtonara overage wad to mob: t 02) 

Scott Goodye ar . Oenada Lata mrrtCnwwrtli 
XB^29aU9JN;L(M)ArtBLuyendrK««Nath- 
arlanda LokHImor Indy V60.3I9; & (9) Dami- 
nfc DobsofvTnjetoa Cam. Loto-Ford CBBwcrti 
XB. 34k 4. (I) Tea FabL ItalK ReyitonH law 
V6a 3*6; & (25) Mark Smittv MOWntteOle, 
Ora. Lake Ford Oawarth XB, 2Ml 
6. (20) Hka MatwBhtta Japag, Lato-POrd 


For investment inforniation 

Read THE MONEY REPORT 
every SaWfday In ffie IHT 


DENNIS THE MENACE 


PEANUTS 


CALVIN AND HOBBES 



















17 


Giisox Sink 
Mariners, 
Widen Lead 


-. TkeAxsoctatedPrm 

• The Chicago White Sox, pre- 
pared for the looming strike by 
packing aad winning. 

- The AX. Central leaders 
opened a two-game lead over 
the Cleveland Indians with 4 n 
8-1 victory Sundayover the Se- 
attle Mariners in Coimskey 
Fade. 

Lance Johnson hit ins Hist 
grand slam in the major leagues 
and -Wilson Alvarez held the 

AL ROUNDUP 

Manners to four- hits in «gh » 

The game was Chicago’s final 
cme at home before the Aug, 12 
strike deadline set by the play- 
ers’ association. Hre White Sox 
begin a nine-game swing 
through the west with a game in 
Texas on Tuesday, so the play- . 
ers packed ihedr belongings m 
hoxes before the game. 

“I just hope they fix this 
■"tiling,” Alvarez said. “1 was 
^thinking this might be the last 
game in Conriskey and I have to 
do good.” 

If the players are ready for a 
strike, Che fans don’t seem to be. 
A crowd of 42^507 attended 
Sunday's game, pushing the se- 
ries total to 126,025, the largest 
three^game crowd since the new 
Comiskey Park opened in 1991. 

1 Alvarez gave up a first-inning 
tun on Felix Fermm’s singl e 
and Jay Buhner's RBI double, 
then quieted the Mariners. ’ 

■ Jim Converse, meanwhile, . 
held the White Sox to a first- 
inning single and one ran 
through five innings- . . 

In the sixth, however; Tim 
Raines drew a one-out walk and • 
Frank Thomas an gled. Mo 
Franco strode out but Converse 
threw a wild patch that moved 
the runners up, thenintentfon- 
ally walked Robin; Ventura be* . 
fore WairaTNiewson walked on 
a 3-2 pitch to makeit^l. John- 



imbC 


Davr HaiMDod/ The Aunauetf Ptcm 

Toronto’s John Olenid, having homered and tripled, scored on a error as Baltimore continued to sfide out of contention. 





son followed with a. line-drive 
homer to right. • ' 

“We caught a break in one 
inning and blew it open,” said 
Johnson. “It’s good the Yan- 
kees are doing a number cm the 
Indians,” 

. Royals 9, Twins Si Kansas 
City, playing at home, won its 
ninth straight by collecting 16 
hits against Minnesota. The 
Royals got three doubles during . 
a* four-roii second inning to ex- . 
lend. their, longest winning 
streak once August 1989.' 

. -Vince Coleman, Bob Hame- 


Kn and David Howard each 
drove in two runs for Kansas 
City. 

Bhe Jays 6, Orioles 4: John 
Olenid homered and tripled as 
viatmgToranto built a five-run 
lead and held on to beat Balti- 
more, which fell a season-high 
eight games behind New York 
in the East 

Olenid hit a two-run shot in a 
four-run second against Ben 
McDonald, while Jeffrey Ham- 
monds had three hits and Mark 
McLemore drove in two runs 
for the Orioles, whose short- 


stop, Cal Ripken, played in his 
1,999th consecutive game. 

Augefe 4, Rangers 3: Rookie 
Garret Anderson's first major 
league RBI broke a sixth-inning 
tie as visiting California beat 
Texas. 

Anderson, who went 2-for-4 
in only his fourth major-league 
game, dapped a two-out angle 
off Kevin Brown to drive in J. T. 
Snow and allow the Angels to 
regain the lead they had squan- 
dered the previous inning. 

Tigers 5, Athletics 4: Junior 
Felix’s two- run double capped 


a three-mn comeback in the 
seventh as Detroit edged visit- 
ing Oakland. 

■ In earlier games, reported 
in some Monday editions: 

Yankees 4, imhns I: Jimmy 
Key became the majors' first 
16-game winner with eight 
shutout innings as New York, 
playing at home, won its 1 1th 
straight over the Cleveland. 

Brewers 5, Red Sox 2: Five 
pitchers for visiting Milwaukee 
combined on a seven- hi iter in 
Boston while the Brewers bene- 
fited from 13 walks. 


Williams Hits Nos. 39, 40 
As Giants Swat Rockies 


The Associated Press 

Matt Williams could not 
quite match the feat of Babe 
Rath and Jimmie Foxx. But he 
did top Wmie Mays, Johnny 
Bench, Willie Stargell and Mike 
Schmidt 

With his fifth multihamer 
game of the season, Williams 
upped his major league-leading 
total to 40 as the San Francisco 
Giants beat the visiting Colora- 
do Rockies. 9-4, on Sunday. 

“He's hitting the ball all over 

M^ROUNDIJP 

the place and driving in runs 
when they’re needed,” said 
teammate Barry Bonds, who hit 
Ids 32d homer. 

Williams, who drove in five 
runs and increased Ids RBI to- 
tal to 95, is the fastest to 40 
homers since Reggie Jackson in 
1969. He easily topped the pre- 
vious NL record of homers 
through July, shared by Mays, 
Bench, Stargell ari d Schmidt. 
He fell one short of the big 
league record shared by Ruth 
and Foxx. 

“It’s nice, but the important 
thing is to contribute to us win- 
ning," WUHams said in a state- 
ment issued by the team after 
he (middy left the clubhouse. 

Williams hit an RBI single in 
the first, then drove in the go- 
ahead run with a long, three- 
ran drive to left in the fourth 
inning and hit an even longer 
homer with the bases empty in 
the fifth. 

“We tried to keep the balls 
down to Williams and stay 
ahead on the count," said the 
Rockies' pitching coach, Larry 
Beamarth. “We feel our bode 
on them is good, but the execu- 
tion of the book is not good.” 

Darryl Strawberry also ho- 
mered, while rookie right- 
hander William VaoLan- 
din gham, now 7-1, WOO his 
fourth consecutive start. 

Expos 13, Marlins 4: Marquis 


30 




,9 
















And, kim>»Tfec Asocucaf Ptau 


Matt Williams watched homer 39 depart in the fourth. 


Grissom went 4-for-5 with a 
homer and scored after eluding 
a rundown as Montreal swept 
three in Miami. 

Sean Berry and Cliff Floyd 
also homered for the Expos, 
who have won 1 1 of 12 and lead 
Atlanta by 3ft games in the NL 
East Florida concluded an 0-6 
homes land, the worst in fran- 
chise history. 

Reds 2, Padres 1; Bret 
Boone’s RBI ground out with 
the bases loaded in the 20th 
enabled Cincinnati to win its 
third straight in San Diego and 
open a 2ft-game lead over 
Houston in the NL Central. 

Newly acquired Brian Hunt- 
er homered for the second 
straight game. 

Pedro Martinez walked five 
of the nine batters he faced, 
with three walks loading the 
bases in the 10th. 

Dodgers 7, Astros I: Tim 
Wallach drove in two runs and 


Ddino DeShields sparked a 
four-run sixth with an RBI sin- 
gle as Los Angeles won at 
home. 

Jeff Bagwell hit his 36th 
homer for Houston. 

Cubs 9, Cardinals 7: Frank 
CasriDoJust called np from the 
minors, won for the first time in 
a year and a day as Chicago 
gave him a six-run lead in the 
first at Sl Louis. The Cardinals 
have lost six of seven. 

Min earlier games, reported 
in some Monday editions: 

Braves 9, PMBes 5: Jeff 
Blauser had three hits, scored 
twice and drove in the go-ahead 
run as host Atlanta rallied from 
a 5-2 deficit. 

Mets 6, Pirates 4: New 
York's Jeromy Bumitz singled 
in the go-ahead run in a four- 
run ninth after Mike Dyer, who 
came on to preserve a 4-2 lead, 
retired only one of the eight 
batters he faced in Pittsburgh. 




. .xrTflB 
- ■ * -* • ** 

- -1 




■ - 


■ By Murray Chass - - 

N ew' York flwi Siwh~, 

- NEWYORK ^-FocaiKjwn- 
er who usuafly sounds and acts 
like a hard-lmer, it was a re- 
markable admission. . " . 
‘ With players prepared to 
strike Aug. 12 if they don’t have 
a new labor agredDCnt;' Jetty 
Reinsdoif of the Chicago White 
Sox said he was pitpared to 
continue playing baseball Nm- 1 
der the existing ecwaornic ays-. 
ton. 

Bui he cautioned that he is in 
the minority among the owners; 
so his position cannot be. 
viewed as potentially instru-~ 
mental in averting a st rik e. 

Throughout negotiations 
with tiie players union, Richard 
Ravitcb, the owners’ chief labor 
executive, has emphasized that 
the clubs need a new economic 
system that would give them 
“cost certainty.” 

He has proposed a salary cap 
as a way of achieving dial end, 
but the players have rejected 
saying they prefer the existing 
system. 

Rdnsdorf , who often is seen 
4 S, but denies he is, the most 
influential owner in baseball, 
said Sunday he doesn’t want a 
strike to interrupt and possibly 
end the season, expl ainin g that 
whatever the White' Sax would 
save with a salary cap they 
would lose in the owners’ new 
revenue-sharing formula. 

“I have nothing to gain by a 






same with the Seattle Mariners. 
S I can survive under the system. 
I don’t like it, but I can survive 
We’re a big market, and we 
have a good ballpark and a 
good lease. 

“I can’t speak for anybody 
else, but I would surmise there 
are a handful of teams in the 
position we are, malting same 
money, and can survive wider 
the system. Obviously, it*s not 
in their interest to have a work 
stoppage.” . , . . 

If anyone-bad been looking 
for signals in the plodding ne- 
gotiations, the radar would 
have latched instantly onto 
those comments. If Ransdorf, 
who in the past has talked of 
takin g a strike for a year or two 
i£ necessary, was saying that he 
»d others could live without 
change, could * settlement be 
far behind? ■ , .. 

But then he expressed the 

“but." t , 

“But,” he said, “there s a 

whole bunch of otto - J®}™® 
that . can't or donN think th^y 
can survive under the anient 
system, so there’s no chance 
that our side would accept if. 
Since you have 19 teams losing 
money, they’re not going w ac- 
cept the current ^ system. I don t 


think there are any of . the 19 
that arewSfagto fave with the 
current system. . , 

• fifteen clubs would have to 
'vote fox a new agreement for it 
io take effect, and Reinsdoif 
sakl hc does not think there are 
IS clubs that wonld vote for the 
posting system- The problem 
would b&$pnroounded once a 
strike started, fienqted,-because 
the owners tfach would need 21 
. .votes, or tbreo-fourtfiv to ap- 
‘ prove a settlement. ■ • 

' "That 5 s what Don should to- 
ois on,” JRemsdrof said,, refer-, 
ring to Donald Fefir, the head 
pf the umon^Befare a strike, it 
takes ]5 votes; after a strike, it 
takes 21 votes.” 

That juncture would be a 
critical tune for bis own posi- 
tion, Remsdccf said. 

“Once a strike starts, I lose 
money," he said. “Well lose 
$25 million the first week. We 
have seven home games, and 
we’ve sold 250,000 tickets. If a 
. strike occurs and I start to lose 
money, then I become a hawk 
because I have to get enough 
out of the deal to make my 
investment worthwhile.” 

For the moment, though, 
Reinsdoif isaid, he remains a 
dove. That’s something no one 
has ever accused him of being. 
- . • Ted Turner, the owner of 
the Atlanta Braves, said Mou- 

S that it looks- Kke a strike 
wipe out the rest of the 
season, and he urged President 
Bill Ohuon to order govern- 
ment arbitration of the dispute, 
The Associated Press reported. 

Tt looks like there's aomg to 
be” a strike. Turner said in Sl 
Petersburg, where he is attend- 
ing the Goodwill Games: “And 
I really think if there’s going io 
be one, hUbe a long one. We’re' 
grtin g to Ipse the world Series 
this year.” - 

He added, “The players are 
tough as a 'keg-. af-naro. The 
owners are pretty tough, too. 
... I hope that somehow there 
.will be a compromise, but 
they’re sore Car apart, aren’t 
theyT . 

Turner said the dispute- 
should; go toarfcdtration before 
it’s too We. 7 . ‘ :y' ’ 

“You mark nty words,” he 
said. “If a strike occurs, some- 
time over the -winter or next 
qmng, Clmton wfll have to step 
in. and there wfll have to be 
government arbitration. Why 
not do ft now, if you’re going to 
do It then? 

“As &d owner, I might get 
dapped on the knuckles by even 
suggesting that, because we 
hate arbitration and the players 
like iL Thar particular arbitra- 
tion — salarv arbitration —and 
arbitration of the basic dispute, 
is a different matter: 

.“1 don't sec either sidegiving 
in once it -happens.” 



% MaltPicau Keulm Mjri Philhpv Fm'uc-Prm< 

Phil Rizzuto (left), with Rollie Fingers chortling befrind, talked — and talked; Steve Carlton said being elected by the press was “like Rush Limbaogh being voted in by the Clintons.'' 

Holy Cow! Scooter Rizzuto Talks Himself Into Hall of Fame 


By Ira Bericow 

■ New York Times Service 

COOPERSTOWN, New 
York — Somewhere in his ac- 
ceptance speech into the Base- 
ball Hall of Fame on a hot day 
behind a school beside a corn- 
field, like something out of 
“The Held of Dreams;” and 
with who knows how many 
thousands of people, because a 
lot. were sitting, many woe 
standing and many others 
lolled on the h3ty grass; some- 
where in that speech Phil Riz- 
zuto, speaking without notes 
and without what sometimes 
seemed a semblance of rhyme 
or reason — not that anybody 
. in the loving, laughing audience 
seemed to care, least of all the 
Scooter himself, who in fais in- 
imitable and wondrous digres- 
sions and rumblings actually 
began with “Holy cow!” since it 
took him 38 years after the end 
of his baseball career in 1956 to 
finally make the Hall of Fame. 

Anyway, somewhere in the 
speech be told about leaving his 
home in Brooklyn, New York, 
for the first time when he was 
19 years old and going to play 
shortstop in the minor-league 
town of Bassett, Virginia, and 
he was on a train with no sleep- 
er, and be- got his first taste of 
Southern fried chicken, and it 
was great, and it was also the 
first time that be ever ate — 
“Hey, While, what's that stuff 
that lodes tike oatmeal?” — and 
Bill White, his onetime' an- 
nouncing partner " on Yankee 
broadcasts, whose first name; 
like aD the Scooter's partners, 
he never seemed to learn, even 
though he knows the first, and 
last names of a lot of the birth- 
day celebrants he forever is an- 
nouncing and the owners of his 
favorite restaurants, even 
though, as he admits, he often 
taTlfs about them rather than, 
the score or the game, but after 


38 years of announcing games 
and after a 13-year playing ca- 
reer with championship Yankee 
teams few seem to care about 
this either, well. White was in 
the audience and stood up and 
said, “Grits." 

“Grits!” announced Rizzuto. 
“That’s right And I didn’t 
know what to do with them, so I 
stuffed it in my pocket” 

There isn’t enough space here 
to get into Rizzuto r s whole reci- 
tation of being raised in Brook- 
lyn and his family that means so 
much to him, especially his 
wife, Cora, and his baseball ca- 
reer or his time in the navy 
during World War H when be 
even got seaside on the ferry 
from New Jersey to Virginia, 
and people said, “He’s going to 
protect us?” and how he said he 
starts stories at the end and 
goes back to the beginning and 
Winds up in the middle, but he 
paid tribute to many, including 
two he was inducted into the 
Hall of Fame with, Leo Dur- 
ocher and Steve Carlton, and 
told a story of Durocher bring a 
great beach jockey as well as a 
great manager and when he 
pepped a ball straight up and 
the catcher caught it in a World 
Series against the Dodgers, 
Dnrocber hollered, “That’s a 
home run in an elevator shaft!” 

And Carlton, sitting right be- 
hind him on the dais with some 
30 Hall of Famers, threw back 
his head and laughed, old Stone 
Face and old Mum Mouth to 
tiie reporters, even though they 
voted him into the hall on the 
first ballot and he did thank 
them for it, bnt Lefty to the 
ballplayers who loved him if he 
was their teammate and hated 
him if they had to face his wick- 
ed slider and fadeaway fastball 
said that everything seems to 
come in cycles. 

It was at Coopetsiown in an 


exhibition game during induc- 
tion week in 1966 that Carlton 
was called up to the Sl Louis 
Cardinals after having been 
sent down to the minors to 
pitch on that day to the Minne- 
sota Twins, and he struck out 10 
batters m seven innings and 
went on from there to strike out 
more batters than anyone in 
baseball history outside of No- 
lan Ryan and also performed 
the amazing feat in 1972 of win- 
ning 27 games for the Philadel- 
phia Phillies, a forlorn, last- 
place team that won just 59 
games altogether that season, 
and be also said another old 
Phfllie, Richie Ashbum, should 
be in the Hall of Fame. And 
Should. 


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But — where were we? — oh, 
yes, Carlton said that he didn’t 
talk to the news media because 
he needed to focus on pitching 
and couldn’t be distracted, 
something Rizzuto never mind- 
ed, and after about 20 minutes 
of his 30-minute confabulation. 
Rizzuto said that if his voice 
held up — it was getting hoarse, 
and he was also embarked on 
combat with a few flies at the 
podium — that he could talk for 
a long time and if anybody 
wanted to leave they could, and 
Yogi Berra and Johnny Bench, 
laughing like everyone else, got 
up and started to walk out, and 
Rizzuto explained, “They took 
so man y balls in the mask." 

Someone in the crowd asked 


whose birthday it was, and Riz- 
zuto. looking natty in his blue 
blazer and silver hair, men- 
tioned Ruby Sabattino, “who is 
getting along in age," he said, 
“and was a little under the 
weather and couldn’t make it 
up to Coopersiown and, oh, the 
cannolis, the cannolis came last 
night — a day without cannolis 
is tike a day without sunshine!” 

And then he said that this 
was the last pan, and he had 
written something down and 
adjusted his glasses and said he 
can’t read it and doesn’t want to 
stan crying, though he knows 
it’s O.K. in a situation like this 
— just before him was the ac- 
tress Laraine Day accepting for 
her late husband Durocher. of- 


INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFIED 


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ten a bad actor on the ball field, 
and beside her their son, Chris, 
who broke down when he said it 
was unfortunate that his dad 
couldn’t be here for this honor 
but felt “my father stands here 
with us because he got time off 
today for good behavior." 

Rizzuto was able to read 
now, gravel-voiced and emo- 
tional and said: "I had the 
most wonderful lifetime any 
man can possibly have. And I 
thank you for this wonderful 
game they call baseball" 

And everyone understood 
this perfectly, and laughed be- 
tween tears, or cried between 
laughter, or just stood and 
cheered. Baseball was never 
better. 


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P&ge 18 


POSTCARD 


Romance by the Book 


By Paula Span 

Washington Past Semte 

N EW YORK — When you 
come right down to it. the 
Romance Writers of America’s 
national conference isn’t very 
romantic. All the swooning and 
sighing is reserved for the sultry 
paperback covers. 

Among the 1 ,720 members in 
attendance at the conference 
here — most of them women 
who write in spare rooms and 
on kitchen tables and have yet 
to sell a manuscript — the real 
passion was to get published. 
Hie most cherished fantasy is 
signing an author's contract 
“Nothing can match it," 
premised the keynote speaker 
Nora Roberts, who. with 27 
million copies of more than 100 
titles in print, should know. 
“Not era really great sex.” 

Often the fantasy begins the 
way it did for Wendy Hilton- 
Jones, a State Department 
staffer from Vienna, Virginia, 
who first began reading ro- 
mances when “Sweet Savage 
Love" got passed around her 
college dorm. “You think. *1 can 
write as well as that.’ ” said Hil- 
ton- Jones. 

So the fantasizers came to the 
RWA convention to meet pub- 


ADe Kooning Swapped 
For Iranian Manuscript 

International Herald Tribune 

PARIS — A major painting 
by Willem de Kooning has been 
exchanged for a I 6 th.-ceniuxy 
Iranian manuscript in a signifi- 
cant cultural barter negotiation. 

De Kooning’s “Woman 
Tree," one of a series of six 
painted in 1953, which was ac- 
quired by the Tehran Museum 
of Contemporary Art in the 
1970s, was handed over to the 
agents of a foundation repre- 
senting the Arthur Houghton 
family. Simultaneously, the 
foundation presented an incom- 
plete manuscript of the Book of 
Kings (Shah-Nemeh). illuminat- 
ed in the royal atelier at Tabriz, 
Iran, for Shah Tahmasp (1524- 
1576), to agents of the Iranian 
government. 


lished writers who dispense 
pointers, and editors and agents 
who can pul them in print. “It’s 
about the business of ro- 
mance,” said Hilton- Jones. 

Romances now account for 
close to half of all popular fic- 
tion sold. With $750 million in 
annual sales in the United 
States, the genie has thrived un- 
abated through women’s libera- 
tion, upheaval in the publishing 
industry, economic downturn 
and the VCR. 

Novice authors rarely strike 
it rich — advances for the previ- 
ously unpublished run from 
S3, 000 to $5,000. But there 
beckons the “mainstream” suc- 
cess of writers such as Roberts, 
Sandra Brown and Catherine 
Coulter, whose hardcovers ap- 
pear on national best-seller 
lists. 

□ 

ft’s become a tough game to 
break into. “We have so many 
titles in production and under 
contract that we could publish 
into 1997 without buying an- 
other book,” a Bantam editor 
advised 200 rapt note-takers at 
a workshop. 

Still. 700 or so of this year’s 
conventioneers have published 
romances, and every year sever- 
al more acquire the coveted 
pink satin ribbon attached to 
their RWA nametags that inch- 
cates a first sale. 

There probably woe 8 mil- 
lion stones here, love stories 
that were at least 60,000 words 
in length, featured likable heros 
and heroines with strong libi- 
dos. and delivered unshakeably 
happy endings. 

At the “Five- Minute Sales 
Pitch” workshop, the author 
Debra Dixon explained how to 
commit the elements of ro- 
mances to index cards labeled 
“hero,” “heroine,” “internal 
conflict.” They axe useful for 
enticing editors and agents. 

Understandably, the 236 
agents and editors at the con- 
vention can become a bit 
jumpy. “I look forward to it 
with real excitement and total 
trepidation,” said Silhouette's 
senior editor, Luda Macro. 

Art Buchwald is on vacation. 


INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE, TUESDAY, AUGUST 2, 1994 



The Life and Rough Times of Jane Roe 


By Alex Witchel 

New York Times Service 

D ALLAS — Their front door is 
made of steel now. 

“If we stand in front of it, we won’t 
get hit,” Norma McCorvey says. “We 
put it in after they shot the house up in 
1989. They shot up the car, loo. Did 
you see that blue car out front? We 
call it the Roe-mobile.” 

Why would anyone want to shoot 
McCorvey? She’s certainly no Mafia 
princess. She’s a cleaning woman. But 
since 1973 she has also been Jane Roe, 
the plaintiff in the landmark Roe v. 
Wade case, which established the con- 
stitutional right to abortion. And 
around these parts, that hasn't made 
hex too popular since she publicly ac- 
knowledged being Jane Roe in 1980. 

“I go shopping to Tom Thumb,” 
she says, sitting at her dining room 
table, “and I am accosted by anti- 
choice people. Men come up to me in 
frozen foods and say, ‘You’re respon- 
sible for babies bemg killed.’ Some 
people run into my basket with 
theirs-” McCorvey. 46, has written her 
life story, with Andy Meisler, in “I 
Am Roe: My Life, Roe v. Wade and 
Freedom of Choice” (HarperColtins), 
which betides telling its own rough 
tale, documents the making of the 
most unlikely role model in the history 
of the women's movement. 

Her grandmother was a prostitute 
and fortune teller. Her father was a 
television repairman, her mother an 
alcoholic. Part Cajun, part Cherokee 
Indian, and raised as a Jehovah's Wit- 
ness, Norma Leah Nelson was 10 
when she took money from the gas 
station where she worked to run away 
from home. 

After that her education came from 
reform schools until the ninth grade. 
By the time she was 15 she had been 
sexually assaulted by a nun and amide 
relative of her mother’s. At 16 she 
married an itinerant steelworker. 
Woody McCorvey. who, she says, beat 
her. She left him and returned to her 
mother's house in Dallas with plans to 
raise her unborn child alone. 

But after her daughter, Melissa, was 
bom and McCorvey confided in her 
mother that her sexual preference was 
for women, she says her mother kid- 
napped Melissa, banished McCorvey 
from the house and raised her grand- 
daughter herself. McCorvey writes 
that when she was drunk, her mother 
tricked her into signing adoption pa- 
pers. giving away custody. 






Marie graham Tor The Stm York Tn 

Norma McCorvey, right, and her partner, Connie Gonzalez. 


What followed were years of alco- 
hol and drug abuse. After an affair 
resulted in a second pregnancy, when 
she was 19, she gave the baby up fen: 
adoption. (Abortion was illegal in 
Texas in the late 1960s, and she had no 
money to go elsewhere). 

By the tim e she had another affair 
and was pregnant with ber third child, 
which became the Roe baby, she was 
21 . “I never considered myself a lesbi- 
an then,” she recalls. “I only ever slept 
with four or five men, but I got preg- 
nant with three of them.” 

It was then that she met Sarah Wed- 
dington and Linda Coffee, the lawyers 
who would take the Roe case all the 
way to the U. S. Supreme Court Her 
rocky relationship with Weddington 
remains a sore point 
Connie Gonzalez, who has been 
McCorvey’s partner for the last 21 
years, is 63. Her hands look strong, 
and though she says little, there is a 


keenness in her eyes that misses noth- 
ing. 

Meanwhile, McCorvey is skittish, 
ber attention span about 30 seconds a 
topic. She proudly displays a picture 
of her baby granddaughter, Jordan, 
whose mother is Melissa. (McCorvey 
and ber daughter have had intermit- 
tent contact through the years.) 
McCorvey, who looks nothing like a 
grandmother, leads the way to her 
.bedroom and settles onto her bed, 
talking like a teenager. Through it all, 
the constant is how hard she mes to be 
tiked. 

Lunch is served. Gonzalez goes off 
to eat alone 

Gonzalez returns as McCorvey re- 
treats to her room. 

“1 loved Norma the night. I saw 
her,” Gonzalez be gins . “The only 
thing sits ever needed was ber moth- 
er's love.” 

The two women met when Gonza- 


ewiafrom a store where she worked. 

. (She let her keep them.) - 

She remembers when McCorvey fi- 
nally told her she was Jane Rot 
“She picked up the newspaper, 
twidcfikig her thrimh s real nervous. 
And she toid me about the Supreme 
Court dedson-' And I said. That’s 
. fantastic. 4 ; And she said, ’Bui you’re a 
CathaSc.’ And l saidi.'So what? I fed 
a woman's got the right to choose.' 
And she said, ‘Well, Fm Jane Roe.' 
And I said, ‘Yeah, add Fm flic Pope.* 
T said: ! “Fm not mad' at you. rffi 
proud as befl of you.” 

McCorveyhas retained. T was 
holed up here for M.yeairs^” she says, 
recalHnghcr fear that abortion oppo- 
nents would try to kill her. After the 
1989 shooting die went to northern 
California, for a year on her. own. . . 
! < ^VhenIlt#LtfeTV ®ovie‘Rbev. 
Wade* had just come out and we were 
at sorts' with each other, scared to 
death bom the gunshots,” McCorvey 
says. ' - ; . • 

drugs, aMin^^^^Twtxkeduf 
speaker.” 

Which leads the co nve rsa tion :back 
to her mother,, whom she last .saw in 
February. Her parents are divorced' 
and born hve in Dallas. 

“I wanted her to Kke me,” she says. 
Not only is ber motiur against abor- 
tion, McCorvey notes, but so is Melis- 
sa, who is now 29 and married. Since 
she is apparently trying to foster tins 
relationship, she doesn't, say more,. 

- Family aside, bow about Wedding- 
ton? What's the problem, exactly? . 

“Sarah sat right across the table 
from me at Colombo's pizza parlor, 
and I didn't know until two years ago 
that she had had an abortion bersdC,” 
die says. “When I told hex then how 
desperately I needed one, she could 
have told me where to go for it. But 
she wouldn't because she needed me 
to be pregnant for her case.” 

A call to Weddington’s law office in 
Austin, Texas, was returned with a 
message that the lawyer would be un- 
available for comment. 

“You ask roe why I hid away in this 
house for 14 years,” McCorvey said. _ 
“People said , they wanted to kfll Jane 
Roe. You live with somethmg tike 
that. I had a problem ami didn't know 
how to resolve it. I flunk I have now. 1 
was just late in getting there ” 


PEOPLE 


Presley Confirm 
Marriage to Jackson 
Lisa Mane Presley. 26.; 
daughter of Bvis Presley, has * 
announced she married pop hi- * 


a secret ceremony outside the 
United States 1 1 weeks ago (the 
jDonrinican Republic, accord- 
ing to reports). The statement 
was issued by Jackson’s pro- 
duction company. MJJ Produc- 
tions. Lisa Marie sad, “My 
married name is Mrs. Lee Marie 
Presley- Jackson." Jackson’s 
publicist, Lee Soltcrs, who had 
previously adamantly denied 
that the couple were married, 
refused to comment- The status 
of her marriage with musician 
Dun? Keotsb. the father ofher 


two young children, was not im- 
mediate ly explained. She filed 
divorce papers this spring, but 
it wasn’t known whether a di- 
vorce had become final. Eds 
Presley died in 1977. 

□ 

Madonna has opened her 
heart to Norman Mailer about 
the fife of a pop star — and the 
picture she paints is one of “un- 
believable loneliness.” After her 
concerts, she said in an inter- 
view in Esquire mag az i ne , “You 
sit there and you go ‘There is 
something wrong with this pic- 
ture,* because now you feci tbs 
most loneliness. You can't go 
out because you arc too famous 
to go out without everyone fol- 
lowing you and 20 bodyguards a 
so you sit in your room while ^ 
everyone else is having fun be- 
ing anonymous." But life isnT 
all bad. T guess 1 could do 
worse,” she said. “Poor Prin- 
cess Diana!” 


It doesn’t look as if Dob 
J ohna and Mdaue Griffith 
wffl get bade together, accord- 

■ _ t.flJ’L 


don’t talk to each other, they’re 
represented by legal counsel 
and thev’re sharing time with 


their children independently.” 


INTERNATIONAL 

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20.82 10-86 
23.73 18.84 
28*3 2373 
2670 19*68 
23181 10/64 
16*1 11 RE 
3289 19*66 
2679 H67 
2271 16/61 
27180 10.84 
22.71 16.81 
3188 2373 
28/82 I96B 
32/09 20*8 
27.80 19.68 


Oceania 


Forecast for Wednesday through Friday, as provided by Accu-Weather. 



~***~~*' Kn^jUrrwosa 

jmw Ed 0 * 1 
North America 

Hot and humid woafier (ram 
Washington, D.C.. to Boston 
Wednesday into Thursday 
wM be followed by thixider- 
storms later Thursday. Cool- 
er weather wil ptonge south- 
ward across the Great Lakes 
slates by Friday. Phoenix 
northw a rd ttaougn SaB Lake 
Csy wil conlkiue sunny and 
hot. 


Europe 

London will be quite warm 
Wednesday, then showers 
and cooler weather wS fol- 
low later in the week. Paris 
win be hoi Wednesday, t hen 
scattered Ihonderstonns ere 
Bcely Thursday and Friday. 
Intense summer heat will 
continue from Madrid 
through Marseille lo Berlin 
Wediesday trough Friday. 


Middle East 


Today IMnonw 

High Low V Kgti Law W 

OF C1F OF OF 

29/84 2475 s 29/84 24/75 % 

32/89 I9/BB 8 34/03 2170 pc 

30/86 1569 • 31*8 17*2 S 

3/84 18*4 9 28*2 19*8 • 

35*5 17/82 ■ 37*8 19*8 a 

=8/1002879 S 38/10023/73 9 


Latin America 

Todny Tomorrow 

M0i Low W Httfl Low If 
CIV OF OF OF 
Burns* Mats 11*2 907 e 1467 6M3 e 

Caracas 31*8 2677 pc 31*8 2677 pc 

Lara 1864 1661 a 18*4 1569 c 

Motto t»y 2878 1263 pc 24/75 1263 * 

Fto dalanata 2679 1861 s 2475 <7*2 pc 

Stttogo 18.84 4/39 * 17*2 5/41 pc 


Bmp* 

Hong Kong 


Asia 

Abnormal heal end drought 
«rtl persist in Japan through 
Friday. Tokyo and Nagasaki 
wffl continue to bake in the 
heat A tropical storm may 
bring locally heavy rains lo 
Taiwan Wednesday or 
Thursday. Very warm and 
mainly dry weather will be 
the rule from Beijing lo 
Seoul. 


Today 
Higb Low 
OF OF 
32*9 25/77 
3361 21/70 
3066 2679 
29/84 24/75 
3463 27*0 
30*6 2476 
3361 27*0 
3268 23.73 
33*1 24/75 
31*8 24/75 


Mpgrs 3066 2271 s 31*0 2475 pc 

C«p»To«n 14/57 9/48 pc 2170 7/44 pc 

r~wri4«iCT 2579 1864 t 27*0 2068 pc 

ftoara 2373 1365 pc 2170 12*3 pc 

Lagoa 2964 2373 ah 18*2 2475 pc 

l**ct* 2068 1162 pc 2271 1263 pc 

Tirfl 3463 2271 * 3463 2373 pc 


North America 


OUcago 

Damn 

Ms* 

HrnoUo 

Hourton 

LoaAngrin 

Ifeiri 


16*81 8/48 Pi 16-61 «U8 ah 

17.83 7/44 a 1864 1060 > 


Legend: s-aumy. pc -partly cloudy. cOoudy. stwhemefs. I tfiunderatorms, r-rWn. sf-anow Ihsries, 
on-snow, i -*oe. w-weather. *■ map*, tareca am and data p i p rid ed by Accu -WeaBiei . Inc. 0 1894 


2068 1365 
31*8 2271 
2064 1968 
28*2 18*6 
29*4 1568 
28*2 18*4 
29*4 2373 
32*8 2170 
28*2 1968 
32*9 25/77 
2760 18*4 
2679 16*1 
3168 24/75 
3269 2475 
43/109 2964 
2170 1365 
2760 14*7 
28-84 1661 
33/91 24/75 


C 2271 1467 pc 
pc 29*4 21/70 pc 
pc 29*4 I96B pc 
pe 23/84 1762 pc 
PC 29IB4 15*8 1 
PC 29*4 17/82 pc 
C 3168 24/75 pc 
pc 3463 23773 pc 
pc 2862 ISMS pc 
a 32*9 2577 I 
pc 2062 18*1 pc 
PC 28/79 14*7 pc 
ah 32*9 25777 Mi 
1 3361 24775 pc 

a 43/1093066 a 
pc 2271 14/57 pc 
a 2878 1568 pe 
I 2879 18*1 Mi 
C 3361 2677 I 


ACROSS 

1 Yin's partner - 
s Toy gun ammo 
9 Rift 

14 patriae 

(patriotism) 
is Together, m 
music 

l«'lt Be You' 

17 Parisian entree 
ia Vatican City 
monetary unit 

19 Down Linder 
soldier 

20 1954 Hitchcock 
hit 


23 Bonny one 

24 Singer AcuH 

25 Beautify 

28 Barley bristle ' 
so Buddy 
34 Spanish wave 

as Passage 

37 Cain's nephew 

38 Behave 

42 Clam supper 

43 Sacred song 

44 Onetime 
medicinal herb 


Solution lo Pnzzle of August 1 


□@C00 ana 00000 
□□□□a □□□ naana 

SBQ00aaQ3 00000 
H 00 O □□□□ □□□□□ 
000 000 lZ2003 

0DD0 0000 000 
□ 0000 LJ00000000 
H00E3 00000 0000 
□000C/0Q00 0O00O 
□00 □□□□ QD00 

□000 000 □□□ 
□□□□□ □ □□□ IU 000 
□00011 □00000Q00 
□0000 000 □□□□□ 
□0000 0013 SHOES 


«s German donkey 

46 Elan 

47 Charitable: 
foundations. 
«fl- . 

49 Chinese ideal 
si Part of a wagon 
tram • • 

52 Merit award , 

59 use . . 

so Candy brand 
«i Pamt unsfllfttuBy 
62 Mesa — •' 
National Park 

«3 Felipe. Jesus or 
Matty 

64 Former Mormon 

chief Taft 

Benson 

65 Shipping 
amount 

66 Desires 

67- — BienPhu 
(1954 battle 
site) 


1 Croquet locale 

2 French call for 
help 

3 cloud In 

the sky 

4 Edsel feature 


. 5 Soft leather 
- 6 Farewell 

7 Result of lummy 
rubbing? 

. 9 Ore layer 
9 Maria Rosario 
Pilar Martinez 

io Jacks -of-all- 
- trades 

tl Wood trimmer - 
is Weekly World 
News rival 
13 Beaded shoe, 
for short 

*1 Chinese- 
Portuguese 
enclave • 

22 Coffee server 
as Icecream mold 

2 a Biblical prophet 
27 Thanks. in 
Thuongen' 

29 Journalist - 
Joseph ■ 

29 Gneved ‘ 

31 ’My ptrmer With 

32 Brimless hat 

» Test car - - 
maneuvers i - 

38 18-wheeler 

SB iron pumper's 
’ pride 


riouugent. . 

41 Lagoon formei 


so Locate in van sc Fiddlers" king 

Gogh paintings sa 'Schindler s 


^ " cl Breakfast (hid Lisi ecm 

-' - «Atahythne 

. saBetbnggame “Israel. c-p-J-a- -. 

4 * Lacked 54 Kind of vision 59 Dow Jo~C 5 f/? 



Pom* 5y Vtnnr B. vanfen 

© New York Times Edited bv Wifi Sharia. 



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Travel in a world without borders, time zones 

or language barriers. 


AEBT AccessNnmbers 
How to call around the world. 

1. Using the chan below, find the country y ou arc calling from. 

1 Dte d t h e corresponding ATST Access Number. -' 

* or voice prompt wffl ask for die pboae number ywi wish to caHor-«>nneL , t you to a 

To receh«>wrfrce9v^c£c^ of /a»a^ Access J'ftin*ers > ^ist dial the accasnomberof 
the country’ you^ in and askfor Customer Service - : 

CCWNTHT ACCESS NUMBER COUNTRY ACCESS NUMBER COUNTOY ACCESS NUMBER 


Australia 
China. PRCm 
Guam 

Bong Kong - 

India* 

Indonesia* 

Japan* 

Korea . 

KoreaAA 

Malaysia- 
New Zealand 


A.STA ftaly* 

1-800-881-011 Iiecfatenstefai* 

10811 IMmmhy 

• ■ 01&-872 Luxembourg 


172-1011 Btncril 
155-00-11 Chile 
. 8+196 Cohtmbia 
0-SOO-Olll Costa Rica** 


800-1111 Macedonia, J.YJL of 9»OOP4288 Bcuador* 


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convenient Access Numbers on your right 


Gd&lgCtuii 


s'uruatj 


ART 


•f- !<**-» AIKT 


Saipan* 

Singapore 
Sri Lanka 
Taiwan* 
Thafiaod* 

Armen hr 
Austria**" 


000-117 Mafia* 

001-801-10 Monaco* 

0039-111 W^gtoJr 

009-11 Norway 

; 11* Poland-* - ; ■ 

8000011 Portugal- 

000-911 Romania 

' 105-11 RMriatMoaco^y 

235-2872 SfcwaMa 

axwniwn Spain# 

430-430 Sweden* 

0090-10 288-0 Sw Jtz ciilMfr 

■■ ~ CO 19-991-11 11 K ' ~ 

EUROPE Ukraine* 


0800-890-110 HSahador*# . _ 

19-4-0011 r. iolfmalri 

• • 06-022-9 111 Guyana*** “ 

80 0-190-11 HoadunuFa 

0*010-480-0111 - MctIcoa*4. q 

05017-1-288 Nicaragua (Managna) 

Ql-800-428 8 _ Panama* ~" 

155 ^042 Peru* ~ 

00-420-0010 1 Suriname 1 

90fr9frQ0-H Uruguay 


000-8010 

OOa-0312 

980-11-0010 

114 

119 

- - 190 

190 

J65 

U3 

95^00-462-4240 

o m 

109 

191 

W 6 

00-0410 


020-795-611 vmezueb** . fl(H?l 1-120 
15W-11 CARIBBEAN “~ 


8a14U1 


MnMMUBEAST 


0500-89-0011 iUmimi 
AaIQO-H Bermuda* 


BddshVJ. 


^ 00*001 Cayman Islands 

080-90010 f i n wnqi jff * 
177-100-27 27 Haftf* ' 

800-288 Janwira* ^ 

4264801 NetfoAron 
0300011-77 StK2aVNevl5~ 
1-800-1 0 : ~J 

00^06-12277 Egypt* (Cairo) 
800-121 • ' Gabon* 


AMSCrfar" 022^03^11 Batata " 5vLim ~ ~ *' -- — r 

SSS Z , Oj MMOW ■ I77-10Q-2727 JS 

Croaflg*# - 9»384K >H Kuwait sooliaa iT — : — •~^^ DQ ~ 972 '^ 

ae&’top _0^00101 LdramOMra) StSTT 

: ggagjg i-an iHS 

rim 19,-0011 Tmter oma ft.1T/T, 5 S lah — 

Sgy.-. ■ gggjg am ebh^s ^5 

.. W jj gMM U ■ Aigmiw JMjOOjOMiH s5 ^~ ~ — r 

5*=^ ^5S 

'n^Ca^Cesli^YemM^bamanaamwoddcauaa^favtre “ — : 

rsa OMahMTSHiwfcaSfckMMi ttawimtaltoalArac. . Tvi . 

‘ rife • 


1-800-872-2881 

1-80&872-388I . 

1-800-872-2881 

k 1-800^2-2881 

1-800-872-2881 
001-800-972-S83 
. ,-0-800-872-2881 
, 001-800-872-2881 

. ' 1-800-872-2881 

AFRICA 

0 510-0200 

' QQa -001 

00111 ' 

0800-10 

797-797 

0-800-99-0123 


5 Is 

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IN